The Purpose of Narrative Text

The Purpose of Narrative Text

The Purpose of Narrative Text

The Purpose of Narrative Text

 One more material of studying kind of texts we will discuss, it is about The Purpose of Narrative Text. However, in this material, we will also discuss the meaning or definition, the generic structure, the language features, and the examples of Narrative Text. (Also read another article at : Generic Structure of Recount Text)

Definition or The Meaning of Narrative Text

A Narrative text is a story with complications or problematic events and it tries to find the resolutions to solve the problems. An important part of narrative text is the narrative mode, the set of methods used to communicate the narrative through a process narration.

The Purpose of Narrative Text

The Purpose or Function of Narrative Text is:

  • to amuse or entertain the reader with a story.
  • to gain and hold a readers’ interest.
  • to teach or inform, to change attitudes / social opinions

Generic Structure of Narrative Text

  1. Orientation
  2. Complication
  3. Resolution
  4. Re-Orientation/Coda (optional)

Explanation about the Generic Structure of Narrative Text:


Sets the scene: where and when the story happened and introduces the participants of the story: who and what is involved in the story.


Tells the beginning of the problems which leads to the crisis (climax) of the main participants.


The problem (the crisis) is resolved, either in a happy ending or in a sad (tragic) ending


This is a closing remark to the story and it is optional. It consists  of  a  moral  lesson,  advice, or  teaching  from  the writer

Language Feature of Narrative Text

  • Using part action verb: Climbed, Turned, Brought, etc.
  • Using specific nouns as a pronoun for a person, animal in the story. Example: The king, the queen, etc.
  • Using adjectives which are for noun phrases. Example: Long black, hair, two red apples, etc.
  • Using time connectives and Conjunctions to arrange the events. Examples: Then, before, after, soon, etc.
  • Using adverbs and adverbial phrases to show the location of events. Examples: Here, in the mountain, ever after, etc.
  • Using dialogue to elicit an emotional response from the reader.
  • Using Past Tense
  • Using of variety of simple, compound, and complex sentences
  • (Also read another article at : Manfaat dan Sumber Makanan Mengandung Vitamin A)

Example of Narrative Text

Text One


Once upon a time, there lived a girl named Cinderella. She lived with her stepmother and two stepsisters. The stepmother and her two daughters didn’t like Cinderella. They treated Cinderella very badly. Cinderella usually did the hardest works in the house; such as scrubbing the floor, cleaning the pot and pan and preparing the food for the family, and so on.

One day, a ball was to be held by the royal family of the kingdom to find the Prince’s spouse. Cinderella wanted to go to the ball but her stepmother asked her to stay at home and do the house works. Cinderella cried. Then there was a fairy godmother standing beside her.

“Why are you crying, Cinderella?”, the fairy godmother asked.

“Because I want to go to the ball but my stepmother insists me to stay at home. Besides, I don’t have any beautiful dress” said Cinderella.

Then the fairy turned Cinderella’s ugly dress became the most beautiful dress and with beautiful slippers. The fairy also turned a pumpkin into a parking coach and the mice become six white horses. Cinderella finally could go to the ball but she had to come back before midnight before the spell ended.

At the ball, Cinderella amazed everybody there including the Prince. The Prince asked her to dance. Cinderella had a wonderful time at the ball. But, all of a sudden, she heard the sound of a clock, the first stroke of midnight. Remembered what the fairy had said, Cinderella ran back to go home. But she lost one of her slippers in the ballroom. The Prince picked up her slipper and would search for the girl whose foot fitted with the slipper.

A few days later, the Prince proclaimed that he would marry the girl whose feet fitted the slipper. Her stepsisters tried on the slipper but it was too small for them, no matter how hard they squeezed their toes into it. In the end, the King’s solder let Cinderella try on the slipper. She stuck out her foot and the page slipped the slipper on. It fitted perfectly.

Finally, she was driven to the palace. The Prince was overjoyed to see her again. They were married and live happily ever after.

Generic Structure Analysis of “Cinderella” :


Once upon a time, there was a beautiful girl called Cinderella. She lived with her stepsisters and stepmother. They were very bossy. She had to do all the housework.


One day an invitation to the ball came to the family. Her stepsisters did not let her go, so Cinderella was very sad. The stepsisters went to the ball without her.


Fortunately, the good fairly came and helped her to get to the ball. At the ball, Cinderella danced with the prince. The prince fell in love with her then he married her. They live happily ever after. (Also read another article at : Obrolan Tentang Guru Ngaji-Ustadz Terdampak Virus Corona)

Text Two

Bawang Merah and Bawang Putih

Once upon a time, there lived a beautiful girl with her father, her stepmother, and her stepsister. One day, her father passed away. Her stepmother and stepsister treated her very bad whereas they used to love her before her father died. She had to do all the housework.

On the morning day, Bawang Putih went to the river to wash a lot of clothes. Then she saw a goldfish needed help. Its mouth was stuck on a hook. Bawang Putih felt sorry and helped the poor goldfish.

“Thank you for your kindness”, the goldfish said.

Bawang Putih was very surprised that the goldfish could speak. However, the goldfish helped her to wash the clothes and they became best friends.

Unfortunately, Bawang Merah her stepsister knew about the goldfish. She caught the goldfish and gave it to her mom. After that, they cooked it and ate it. When Bawang Putih knew it, she took the bone and buried it. She felt very sad that she could not take care of her best friend.

Several days later, grew a beautiful tree on the burial. Surprisingly, a Prince came to see it. he needed the tree to make his father well again. When he asked who own the tree, Bawang Merah said that it was hers. However, when she wanted to pull the tree, she could not do it. Even everyone could not do it, but Bawang Putih. Bawang Putih pulls the tree easily and gave it to the Prince.

The Prince married Bawang Putih. She forgave her stepmother and stepsister and they lived happily ever after.

That’s all I can share about The Purpose of Narrative Text we can share. Hopefully, the material of The Purpose of Narrative Text above will be useful for understanding our English. (Also read another article at : Dibalik Luka Tersimpan Tawa)

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