The Purpose and Generic Structure of Hortatory Exposition Text

The Purpose and Generic Structure of Hortatory Exposition Text

The Purpose and Generic Structure of Hortatory Exposition Text

The Purpose and Generic Structure of Hortatory Exposition Text

 One more material of studying kind of texts we will discuss, it is about The Purpose and Generic Structure of Hortatory Exposition Text. However, in this material, we will also the meaning, the characteristic, and the examples of the Hortatory Exposition Text. (Also read: Definition Purpose and Example of Spoof Text)

The Meaning of Hortatory Exposition Text

       Hortatory exposition is a type of spoken or written text which represents the attempt of the writer to influence the readers to do or not to do something or act in a certain way.

The Purpose or Function of Hortatory Exposition Text

       By understanding the meaning of Hortatory Exposition Text, it can be concluded that The Purpose of hortatory exposition is to persuade the readers or listeners that something should or should not be the case or be done.

Generic Structure of Hortatory Exposition Text

There three main Structure of the Hortatory Exposition Text, they are:

  • Thesis
  • Arguments
  • Recommendation


it is an introduction to the main idea of an effect or event that will be raised or discussed. In the section of the thesis, the writer’s thought is presented as a thesis that is proven with several arguments.


in this section, the writer’s arguments are shown the opinions of the writer that support the main idea in supporting his thesis. The more opinions the authors write, the more attractive a Hortatory Exposition Text, because readers tend to believe in an event if there are many opinions that support it.


After stating the thesis and proving with various arguments, the text is completed with the writer’s recommendation on how to overcome it. The recommendation contains a recommendation or solicitation writer to the reader. (Also read another article at: Pengertian dan Contoh Majas Simile)

The Characteristics / Language Features of Hortatory Exposition Text:

– Focusing on the writer

– Using abstract noun; policy, advantage, etc

– Using action verb

– Using thinking verb

– Using modal adverb; certainly, surely, etc

– Using evaluative words; important, valuable, trustworthy, etc

– Using passive voice

– Using simple present tense

Example and structure of Hortatory exposition Text

Text One    

Why Students Should Manage Their Stress

Stress among student can be caused by interpersonal which includes the factor like relationships with family and friend or because of the academic itself. The workload of college, difficult tests, and other academic obstacles may also lead to stress. Thus, stress among students can be dangerous for several reasons. Firstly, the major negative effect of stress is emotional health.

Emotional health problem is more dangerous than physical health problem because it can lead to most disastrous effects of all that is committing suicide. Emotional or mental health is an expression of our emotions and signifies a failure adaptation to the range of demands in life. Stressful life events can lead to all the failure just by conquering our minds. Thus, it is very important to maintain our mental and emotional health because once our emotional health was disturbed, it can lead to a variety of diseases such as depression, anxiety, emotional eating, anger, and so on.

The second disastrous effect of stress on an individual especially students is on academic performance. Actually this effect affected students beyond their thinking. Once they are in stress they have difficulty concentrating on their study and finally their result will ruin because they cannot do well in their exams. That is how their academic performance shows such negative improvement from day to day because they cannot manage their stress well. Therefore, stress can be dangerous to a student’s life. For those reasons, it is better that we should find the causes of stress which we are going through, know the bad effect that we may face, and take action to manage it. (Also read another article at: Kedamaian Bukan Fisik Tapi Kebaikan Hati)

Text Two

Tourism Benefit on Local People

What is the benefit of tourism for local people? Well, Tourism is now a huge contributor to the economies of most countries. Tourism industries can bring money, job vacancy, and advancement especially in developing regions. However, this money often goes into the pockets of foreign investors, and only rarely benefits for local people.

Tourism industries will not give many benefits for local people if, for example, multinational hotel chains don’t care about the surrounding nature when they build new hotels. This can cause many social, cultural, and geographical problems. Some local people may get a job and money from that International hotel chain. However, in the case of missing that opportunity, some of them still have their own environment.

Moreover, some facts show that tourists tend to go, visit, and spend their money in restaurants, bars, and even luxury hotels of that multinational chains. They less go to such places; restaurants, bars, hotels, shops which are owned by local people. This can prevent the local people’s business from becoming even larger.

The most important thing, tours or excursions of tourism have little effect on nature. Even it can disrupt or destroy ecosystems and environments, and if it does, the local people will get the risk.

So the local government policies should be put in place to ensure that tourism will make the benefit spreading widely. The policies should guarantee that tourism will not cause any harm to any local people or places.

       That’s all I can share about The Purpose and Generic Structure of Hortatory Exposition Text. Hopefully, the material of The Purpose and Generic Structure of Hortatory Exposition Text above will be useful for understanding our English. (Also read another article at: Soal PAS Bahasa Indonesia Kelas 11 Semester 1)

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