The Pattern and Function of Future Tense

The Pattern and Function of Future Tense

  The Pattern and Function of Future Tense. After sharing about present and past tense, now it is time for sharing about future tense.

 There are several different ways in English that we can talk about the future. In this session we are introducing to the most important ones:

  1. be going to
  2. will


Be going to


( + ) Subject + am/is/are + going to + V1 + C

   I am going to study hard.

 She is going to write a short story.

( – ) Subject + am/is/are + not + going to + V1 + C

   I am not going to study hard.

 She is not going to write a short story.

( ? ) am/is/are + Subject + going to + V1 + C + ?

   Are you going to study hard?

 Is she going to write a short story?


 The expression “be going to” is used in talking about a plan for the future that we have already thought about.

We’re going to buy a new car next month.

I’m going to work in a bank when I leave school.

In the new year, I’m going to stop eating so much junk.

He’s not going to go to the dance. He’s got too much work.

I’m not going to watch TV until my science project is finished.

Are you going to play basketball after school?

What are you going to have for lunch today?

 The expression “be going to” is also used when we want to make a prediction based on evidence we can see now.

Look out! That cup is going to fall off.

Look at those black clouds. It’s going to rain soon.


( + ) Subject + will + V1 + C

   They will come here.

 You will be 17 years old next year.

( ­- ) Subject + will + not + V1 + C

   They will not come here.

 You will not be 17 years old next year.

( ? ) will + Subject + V1 + C + ?

   Will they will come here?

 Will you will be 17 years old next year?


 The auxiliary verb “will” is used to talk about future events we believe to be certain.

The sun will rise over there tomorrow morning.

Next year, I’ll be 50 years.

I will help you If you help me.

 Often we add ‘perhaps’, ‘maybe’, ‘probably’, ‘possibly’ to make the belief less certain.

I’ll probably come back later.

He’ll possibly find out when he sees Jenny.

Maybe it will be OK.

Perhaps we’ll meet again someday.

We often use ‘will’ with ‘I think’ or ‘I hope’.

I think I’ll go to bed now.

I think she’ll do well in the job.

I hope you’ll enjoy your stay.

I hope you won’t make too much noise.

 That’s all about Future Tense. Hopefully it is useful.

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