The Origin of the Name Indonesia
The Origin of the Name Indonesia
Have you ever thought about the origin of the name “Indonesia”, our beloved country? It might be difficult to explain, because the name of a country is not as a simple thing that can be obtained in a short time. (Also read : Brief History of Borobudur Temple)
The single word “Indonesia” has marked a long hard road and history for this nation. All of this related to the struggle for independence, national identity, and politics which engaged various races from all regions in an identity called ‘Indonesia’.
Before discussing how Indonesia got its name, long before independence, many countries in the world called Indonesia in different names.
The Chinese people, for example, they refered to Indonesia as Nan-hai, which means the South Sea islands. Then, people from India called it Dwipantara, while the Arabs called it Jaza’ir al-Jawi, or the islands of Java. The names referred to an area with islands that stretched far and wide. (Also read other article at : Haruskah Buku Kalah dengan Teknologi)
It was different with Europeans; they had their own perspective in calling Indonesia. As an exotic land and forming an ethnic, they called it ‘Indies’, or sometimes referred to as ‘East Indies’.
Along with the times, the study of indigenous cultures and ethnicities in the land had given rise to new perceptions. The search for the name of a country, from a vast archipelago was a scientific effort that was initiated.
European scholars, had proposed different names in their research papers. Most of the names given revolve around the ideas ‘Indies’ and ‘islands’ in different languages or words.
After going back and forth to give a different name, George Samuel Windsor Earl, a British ethnologist, who first coined the term “Indunesia” he introduced it into scientific discourse in 1850. “Indus” came from “Indies” while “nesia” was Greek for ‘island’ (nesos).
Then, James Richardson Logan, a Scottish scholar, replaced ‘u’ in ‘Indunesia’ with ‘o’, and became the name “Indonesia”. (Also read other article at : Sistem Pembagian Kekuasaan Negara Indonesia)
Since then the name Indonesia had become familiar with many people, although at that time, Indonesia was still divided into several different kingdoms and ethnicities.
Although at that time the name Indonesia had long been developing, the Dutch rejected the name, during the colonial era, they insisted on calling it “the Dutch East Indies.”
However, during the independence movement in the early 1920s, the name Indonesia was reverberated by native people.
Indonesian scholars who were tertiary education, proposed to embrace the name ‘Indonesia’ to replace the label given by the Dutch to their homeland. It was merely to unite hundreds of indigenous ethnic groups, with their own social systems and authority. One name to define the identity of all different regions and localities.
Until finally the youth from various islands and cities began to declare themselves as freedom fighters for “Indonesia”. They were incorporated in the conceptual area by bringing a common destiny, which was equally oppressed by the Dutch.
Until finally after gaining independence on August 17, 1945. All these regions began to be independent of their cultural and ethnic differences, the indigenous people began to unite in ethics and recognize themselves as the Indonesian Nation.
That’s all the post about The Origin of the Name Indonesia we can share for this occasion. We hope the post about The Origin of the Name Indonesia above can improve our belonging of our country, Indonesia. (Also read other article at : Soal PTS Bahasa Indonesia Kelas 9 Semester 1)