The function of Simple Present Tense

The function of Simple Present Tense

Simple Present Tense

The function of Simple Present Tense

  We use the simple present for some purpose, there are:

  1. To express habits, general truths, repeated actions or unchanging situations, emotions, and wishes.

¯   I eat rice (habit).

¯   I live in Tarik (unchanging situations).

¯   The earth is round (general truth).

¯  I wish to go to Makkah again. (wishes).

  1. To give instructions or directions. (Also read : Kinds of Question Word)

¯   Go down this street and turn to the first right. It’s on the left side of the BCA bank.

  1. To express fixed arrangements, presents or future.

¯   Our meeting finishes at 9.00 p.m.

Pattern /Form

There are two patterns of Simple Present

1.   By Using Verb

A. ( + ) Subject + Verb1

     e.g  We play football in the yard.

     ( – ) Subject + do not + Verb1

     e.g  We do not play football in the yard.

     ( ? ) Do + Subject + Verb1

     e.g  Do we play football in the yard?

Note: the pattern above is for subject: I, We, You, They, and other plural noun.

B. ( + ) Subject + Verb1+s/es

              e.g  She goes to school. (Also read other article at : Cahaya Indah Mentari Pagi)

    ( – )  Subject + does not + Verb1

              e.g  She does not go to school.

    ( ? ) Does + Subject +Verb1

              e.g  Does she go to school?

Note: The pattern above is for subject: She, He, It, and other third singular noun.

2.   Without Using Verb

( + ) Subject + am/is/are

e.g  You are at home.

( – ) Subject + am/is/are + not

 e.g  You are not at home.

( ? ) Am/Is/Are + Subject

 e.g  Are you at home?

Note: The pattern above is for sentence without using Verb. (Also read other article at : Kumpulan Warna Lengkap Inggris Indonesia)

Time Signal.

These words tell you what tense you have to use. For the Simple Present these are adverbs of frequency:








she always gets up at 4 o’clock in the morning

He never comes on time.

Other phrases of time can occur, like:

every day

every week

every year

on Mondays

after school, etc


I go to school every day.

They plays football on Mondays.

          And below are more information about the function of Simple Present Tense

Here, we are talking about regular actions or events.

  • They drive to the office every day.
  • She doesn’t come here very often.
  • The news usually starts at 6.00 every evening.
  • Do you usually have bacon and eggs for breakfast?

Here, we are talking about facts.

  • We have two children.
  • Water freezes at 0° C or 32° F.
  • What does this expression mean?
  • The Thames flows through London.

Here, we are talking about future facts, usually found in a timetable or a chart.

  • Christmas Day falls on a Monday this year.
  • The plane leaves at 5.00 tomorrow morning.
  • Ramadan doesn’t start for another 3 weeks.
  • Does the class begin at 10 or 11 this week?

Here, we are talking about our thoughts and feelings at the time of speaking.

Although these feelings can be short – term, we use the present simple andnot the present continuous.

  • They don’t ever agree with us.
  • I think you are right.
  • She doesn’t want you to do it.
  • Do you understand what I am trying to say?

Things to remember about the simple present:

1.In the interrogative forms, we use “do” or “does“.

  • Do you like the house?”
  • Does she go to school?”

2; Verbs never take an “s” in the the negative and interrogative forms.  (Also read other article at : UAS Seni Budaya Kelas 10 Semester 2)

  • “Does he speak German?”
  • “Do they play soccer?”
  • She doesn’t like ice cream.
  1. don’tis the short form of “do not“. You can say either:
  • do not speak Italian, or
  • don’t speak Italian.
  1. doesn’t is the short form of “does not“. you can say either:
  • He does not listen to jazz music, or
  • He doesn’t listen to jazz music.

11 thoughts to “The function of Simple Present Tense”

  1. Nice to make a Power Point 💯

    1. I’m happy if it is useful for you. Thanks a lot

  2. Thank you so much. I found this website very useful.

    1. you are welcome. I feel happy if you think it is useful.

  3. hi i just want to ask if you are sure that we use the present simple with wishes and the sentences that you wrote ( i hope i can go …
    i think that is wrong

    1. Thank you for correcting. So it must be I wish to go to Makkah again.

  4. thank for your good experince i’m wishe’s you all the best

  5. Hi, just wondering your sentence “The earth is a round”. Did you mean “round” without article “a”?.
    Omitting “a” makes more sense according to me. 🙂 Thanks

    1. THanks a lot for your correction. It’s very useful.

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