The function of Simple Present Tense. We use the simple present for some purpose, there are:
- To express habits, general truths, repeated actions or unchanging situations, emotions, and wishes.
¯ I eat rice (habit).
¯ I live in Tarik (unchanging situations).
¯ The earth is a round (general truth).
¯ I hope I can go to Makkah again (wishes).
- To give instructions or directions.
¯ Go down this street, and turn to the first right. It’s on the left side of BCA bank.
- To express fixed arrangements, presents or future.
¯ Our meeting finishes at 9.00 p.m.
There are two pattern of Simple Present
1. By Using Verb
A. ( + ) Subject + Verb1
e.g We play football in the yard.
( – ) Subject + do not + Verb1
e.g We do not play football in the yard.
( ? ) Do + Subject + Verb1
e.g Do we play football in the yard?
Note: the pattern above is for subject: I, We, You, They, and other plural noun.
B. ( + ) Subject + Verb1+s/es
e.g She goes to school.
( – ) Subject + does not + Verb1
e.g She does not go to school.
( ? ) Does + Subject +Verb1
e.g Does she go to school?
Note: The pattern above is for subject: She, He, It, and other third singular noun.
2. Without Using Verb
( + ) Subject + am/is/are
e.g You are at home.
( – ) Subject + am/is/are + not
e.g You are not at home.
( ? ) Am/Is/Are + Subject
e.g Are you at home?
Note: The pattern above is for sentence without using Verb.
These words tell you what tense you have to use. For the Simple Present these are adverbs of frequency:
she always gets up at 4 o’clock in the morning
He never comes on time.
Other phrases of time can occur, like:
after school, etc
I go to school every day.
They plays football on Mondays.
And below are more information about the function of Simple Present Tense
Here, we are talking about regular actions or events.
- They drive to the office every day.
- She doesn’t come here very often.
- The news usually starts at 6.00 every evening.
- Do you usually have bacon and eggs for breakfast?
Here, we are talking about facts.
- We have two children.
- Water freezes at 0° C or 32° F.
- What does this expression mean?
- The Thames flows through London.
Here, we are talking about future facts, usually found in a timetable or a chart.
- Christmas Day falls on a Monday this year.
- The plane leaves at 5.00 tomorrow morning.
- Ramadan doesn’t start for another 3 weeks.
- Does the class begin at 10 or 11 this week?
Here, we are talking about our thoughts and feelings at the time of speaking.
Although these feelings can be short-term, we use the present simple andnot the present continuous.
- They don’t ever agree with us.
- I think you are right.
- She doesn’t want you to do it.
- Do you understand what I am trying to say?
Things to remember about the simple present:
1.In the interrogative forms, we use “do” or “does“.
- “Do you like the house?”
- “Does she go to school?”
2; Verbs never take an “s” in the the negative and interrogative forms.
- “Does he speak German?”
- “Do they play soccer?”
- She doesn’t like ice cream.
- don’t is the short form of “do not“. You can say either:
- I do not speak Italian, or
- I don’t speak Italian.
- doesn’t is the short form of “does not“. you can say either:
- He does not listen to jazz music, or
- He doesn’t listen to jazz music.