The Function of Hortatory Exposition Text. Have a nice meeting again to my beloved readers. Here I want to continue discussing about kinds of reading Text. In this case I want to share about the Function of Hortatory Exposition Text. Let’s follow the discussion below.
Hortatory exposition is a text which represent the attempt of the writer to influence the readers to do something or act in a certain way.
The Purpose of hortatory exposition is to persuade the readers that something should or should not be the case or be done.
Thesis: it is an introduction to the main idea of an effect or event that will be raised or discussed. In section of thesis, the writer’s thought is presented as thesis which is proven with several arguments.
Arguments: in this section, the writer arguments is shown the opinions of the writer that support the main idea in supporting his thesis. The more opinions the authors write, the more attractive a Hortatory Exposition Text, because readers tend to believe in an event if there are many opinions that support in it.
Recommendation: After stating the thesis and proving with various arguments, the text is completed with the writer’s recommendation on how to overcome. Recommendation contains a recommendation or solicitation writer to the reader.
Example and structure of the text
|Thesis||In all discussion over the removal of lead from petrol (and the atmosphere), there doesn’t seem to have been any mention of the difference between driving in the city and in the country.|
|Arguments|| While I realize my leaded petrol car is polluting the air wherever I drive, I feel that when you travel through the country, where you only see another car every five to ten minutes, the problem is not as severe as when traffic is concentrated on city roads.|
Those who want to penalize older, leaded petrol vehicles and their owners don’t seem to appreciate that in the country there is no public transport to fall back upon and one’s own vehicle is the only way to get about.
|Recommendation||I feel that country people, who often have to travel huge distances to the nearest town and who already spend a great deal of money on petrol, should be treated differently to the people who live in the city|
Dominant Language features:
- Using Simple Present Tense
- Using modals
- Using action verbs
- Using thinking verbs
- Using adverbs
- Using adjective
- Using technical terms
- Using general and abstract noun
- Using connectives/transition
Other examples of this type :
- Text one
Never Try Smoking
A lot of people, especially teenagers, who do not smoke, always want to try smoking. They know it is bad for them and all, but it is just something they want to try. So they ask one of their smoker friends for a cigarette. Admittedly, they firstly cannot light it on their own so they ask his friend to do it. Then they inhale that cigarette and smoke occasionally.
Apparently that makes them the born smokers. Now they do smoke fairly regularly. They cannot avoid smoking and they enjoy too. They have smoker friends. Every day they bring a pack in their pocket. For them, a pack of cigarette is as important as a wallet for their money.
Suddenly, for certain reason, they realize the fact that tobacco is the cause of a long list of nasty diseases. It is not only heart disease, stroke, and chronic lung disease but also bladder, lung, and pancreatic cancer. Even it was reported that around 400,000 Americans died each year. It was one every 80 seconds from tobacco-related illnesses.
Then they decide it is stupid to harm selves. They want to quit smoking. Unfortunately, they find that quitting smoking is so difficult. “Why can’t I stop smoking? I really want to stop it”. It is hard to quit because nicotine is powerfully addictive. Cigarette is one of the most efficient drug-delivery devices ever devised. As result, when people try to quit smoking, they often experience classic nicotine withdrawal symptoms such as anxiety, irritability, headache, depression, and restlessness.
- text two
Many of us are dismayed about the quality of our education, which is not commensurate with the high cost spent on school fees. It is way below our expectations if we compare our graduates with those who studied overseas, especially concerning the mastery of English.
It is important to know that most of employments require competence in English, for office work and correspondence. Government officials, speakers, writers and observers use a lot of English.
Then the important thing is to use English as a medium in schools so that we can compete with graduates from abroad. All students have studied English since they are in junior high school. Even some of them had been introduced with English when they were in elementary school. However, lots of graduates have less English skills. Learning English is difficult but it is more difficult to customize us with it
Then it will be beneficial to have TV films in English like in Singapore. It will help to increase our graduates’ competence in English.
Well, still want to try smoke? Think the facts before trying! If you are not smoker, you should never and never try to smoke.
That’s all I can share about The Function of Hortatory Exposition Text. Hopefully it will be useful for understanding our English.