Function of Present Continuous Tense

Function of Present Continuous Tense

Present Continuous Tense

Function of Present Continuous Tense

       Present continuous Tense is also called Present Progressive Tense. We use the present continuous tense to show we are in the middle of an activity that is in progress at this moment. The activity started in the past and will go on in the future. (Also read : Explanation about Present Perfect Tense)

Example: I am praying.

      So when we use the present continuous tense we are talking about something that is still not yet finished or complete at the time of speaking.

Pattern

( + ) Subject + am/is/are + Ving

             They are playing football.

( – )  Subject + am/is/are + not + Ving

             They are not playing football.

( ? ) Am/Is/Are + Subject + Ving

             Are they playing football?

Usage

The present continuous is used to talk about present situations.

  • It is used to describe an action that is going on at this moment.

      Example:

      We are using the Internet.

      He is studying English grammar.

  • It is also used to describe an action that is going on during this period of time or a trend.

      Example:

      Is he still working for the same office? read more

The function of Simple Present Tense

The function of Simple Present Tense

Simple Present Tense

The function of Simple Present Tense

  We use the simple present for some purpose, there are:

  1. To express habits, general truths, repeated actions or unchanging situations, emotions, and wishes.

¯   I eat rice (habit).

¯   I live in Tarik (unchanging situations).

¯   The earth is round (general truth).

¯  I wish to go to Makkah again. (wishes).

  1. To give instructions or directions. (Also read : Kinds of Question Word)

¯   Go down this street and turn to the first right. It’s on the left side of the BCA bank.

  1. To express fixed arrangements, presents or future.

¯   Our meeting finishes at 9.00 p.m.

Pattern /Form

There are two patterns of Simple Present

1.   By Using Verb

A. ( + ) Subject + Verb1

     e.g  We play football in the yard.

     ( – ) Subject + do not + Verb1

     e.g  We do not play football in the yard.

     ( ? ) Do + Subject + Verb1

     e.g  Do we play football in the yard?

Note: the pattern above is for subject: I, We, You, They, and other plural noun.

B. ( + ) Subject + Verb1+s/es

              e.g  She goes to school. (Also read other article at : Cahaya Indah Mentari Pagi)

    ( – )  Subject + does not + Verb1

              e.g  She does not go to school. read more