Brief History of Thailand Kingdom

Brief History of Thailand Kingdom

Brief History of Thailand Kingdom

Brief History of Thailand Kingdom

       The Bronze Age culture is thought to have started since 5600 years ago in Thailand (Siam). Then came various immigrants including the Mon, Khmer and Thai tribes. One big kingdom centered in Palembang, Srivijaya, had ruled to this country. many arts and crafts in Palembang with Thailand are similar. (Also read : Brief History of Myanmar Country)

       In the early 1200s, the Thais established small kingdoms in Lanna, Phayao and Sukhothai. In 1238, a fully independent Thai kingdom was founded at Sukhothai (‘Dawn of Happiness’). In 1300, Sukhothai was conquered by the kingdom of Ayutthaya, until it was finally captured by Burma in 1767.

       The fall of Ayutthaya was a big blow to the Thais, but soon King Taksin succeeded in driving out Burma and establishing his capital at Thon Buri. In 1782 the first King of the Chakri Dynasty to power to this day established a new capital in Bangkok.

       Mongkut King (Rama IV) and his son, Chulalongkorn King (Rama V), were highly respected for successfully saving Thailand from western colonialism. read more