Function and Pattern of Auxiliary Modal MAY

Function and Pattern of Auxiliary Modal MAY

Function and Pattern of Auxiliary Modal MAY

      There some Auxiliary Modals in English we have to know when we study about sentence. However, in this occasion we will only study Modal “MAY”. In this case we will study Function and Pattern of Auxiliary Modal MAY so that we will be familiar to this auxiliary. (also study : Function and Pattern of Auxiliary Modal WILL)

      Before studying about the function and its examples, it is better we study the pattern or the form of sentence using Modal MAY. As other auxiliary modals, the pattern of Modal MAY is able to be shown as below:

Pattern of Modal MAY

( + )  Subject + May + infinitive (verb 1) + Complement

Example :

  • We may play football.
  • They may study together.
  • Jack may go to Makkah.

 ( – )  Subject + May + not + infinitive (verb 1) + Complement

Example :

  • We may not play football.
  • They may not study together.
  • Jack may not go to Makkah.

( ? ) May + Subject + infinitive (verb 1) + Complement

Example :

  • May we play football?
  • May they study together?
  • May Jack go to Makkah?

Below is the explanation about Function and Example of Auxiliary Modal MAY

The Function of Modal MAY

There are some functions of Auxiliary Modal “MAY” that is able to be studied, they are:

1.  To show possibility (it is slightly stronger than “might”)

Example :

  • What he said may be true.
  • It may rain.
  • You may win the race.
  • I may go to the bank after this meeting.

2.  To request or give permission (this is a formal use, “can” is the informal version)

Example :

  • You may sit down.
  • May I speak?
  • He may not use the car.
  • May I go to the office?

“That’s all the material of Function and Pattern of Auxiliary Modal MAY we can share for this occasion. We hope the material about Function and Pattern of Auxiliary Modal MAY above can improve our understanding about English, especially about auxiliary modal MAY. (study other material in Indonesian version at : Fungsi dan Rumus Modal WILL) read more

Expression and Response of Request

Expression of Request

        Expression and Response of Request. In everyday activity, it is normally that sometimes we need to ask someone to do something for us. However, we are still confused how to express our request so someone understand what we ask about. For this, we want to share about Expression and Response of Request. Below is the explanation.

      There are four points of topic will be discussed Expression and Response of Request. They are Asking someone to do something, asking someone for something, accepting for request and refusing request.

Now, let’s go to the discussion.

  1.   Expression of Request

        A.   Asking someone to do something:

  • Can you give me the book?
  • Could you phone me at 5 o’clock in the morning?
  • Would you mind repairing my laptop?
  • Do you think you could take me to the market?
  • I wonder if you could write me an application letter?

        B.   Asking someone for something:

  • Can I borrow your ruler?
  • Could I have a seat?
  • Can’t I sit beside you?
  • May I use your motor cycle?

  1. Response of Request

      A.   The expression to accept Request:

  • Yes
  • OK
  • Sure
  • All right
  • Certainly
  • It’s a pleasure

     B.   The expression to refuse Request:

  • I’m afraid, I ….. (give your reason).
  • I’m sorry, I can’t.
  • I’d like to, but…(give your reason).

Example of dialogue

Dialogue 1:

Sales           : What I can do for you sir?

Customer : I am looking for a good pants. Would you mind take                         me some? so I can compare each others. read more