Bull Race or Karapan Sapi from Madura. Bull Race or well-known as Karapan Sapi, is a race for a couple of bulls ridden by jockey called “tukang tongko”. The rider stands on what so-called “kaleles”, which then drawn by the bulls. The jockey stands to control the bulls at high speed along the 100 meters of race track for 10 seconds to 1 minute.
According to the story of Madurese, bull race was started by a muslim scholar named Syeikh Ahmad Baidawi, which was known as Prince Katandur, the son of Prince Pakaos, grandson of Sunan Kudus. it was held in Sepudi Island, Sumenep regency from Sepudi Island, Sumenep regency, in century of 13. The main duty of Prince Katandur was to spread Islam, however, because he was also expert in planting, farming, and gardening so he also taught the local people how to plow the ground (rice field) which called as “nanggala” or “salaga” in which it used two bamboos drawn by two cows.
Gradually, many farmers used cows to plow their rice field and at the same time, the farmers made a competition. The competition was about who will finish in plowing the rice field faster. In the end, the competition turned into a kind of racing sport with two bulls called Karapan Sapi. The bull race soon becomes annually activities carried every year, especially when harvest on the fields has finished.