Function and Grammatical Structure of WISH

Function and Grammatical Structure of WISH

Function and Grammatical Structure of WISH

Function and Grammatical Structure of WISH

       In the previous post we have explained the function of “WISH”. It is said that WISH is the expression of someone’s feeling that one would like to have or do something or to see something happen; a desire, longing, or strong inclination for a specific thing. (Also read : Meaning and Example of Common Noun)

Examples:

  • We wish you a “Merry Ied-Al-Fitr.”
  • I wish to speak to your manager (Here wish acts like a command)

However, the function of “WISH” actually is not only as we have said above, but also there are also some function of WISH as below:

Wish + Simple Past Tense

“Wish” is used to talk about situations that we desire, but which are the opposite of the current reality or which are impossible. We can use wish + past tense to talk about our situation right now. Even though we use the past tense, we are NOT talking about the past.

For examples:

  • I wish I had a car. (In reality, I don’t have a car now, but I want one).
  • I wish I didn’t have to work tomorrow. (In reality, I have to work tomorrow, but I don’t want to).
  • I wish I were tall. (In reality, I’m short, but I want to be tall).

Wish + Past Continuous Tense

Wish is used to express that we want to be doing a different action in the present (or future). (Also read other article at : Fungsi Simple Present Tense) read more

Difference between Simple Past and Past Continuous Tense

Difference between Simple Past and Past Continuous Tense

Difference between Simple Past and Past Continuous Tense

Difference between Simple Past and Past Continuous Tense

       As we have already studied from the previous post before, both the Simple Past and the Past Continuous Tense refer to completed actions in the past time.  However, both of them actually have some differences. (Also read : Difference Between Simple and Present Continuous Tense)

Below are some differences

A. We use Simple Past Tense to talk about a finished action in the past, often with time expressions like yesterday, last week, a year ago etc. This is by far the most common way of talking about the past.

Examples:

  1. I lived there for 6 years.
  2. I only found out a few moments ago.
  3. I asked her but she didn’t know anything.
  4. The company made 100 people redundant last year.

B. The most common use of the past continuous tense is to talk about something that was happening around a particular time in the past [to emphasize the continuity of the action]. (Also read other article at : Gemuruh Petir Menyertai Hujan)

Examples:

  1. What were you doing at 8 o’clock last night? I was watching television.

(I started watching television before 8 o’clock and I continued watching it after 8 o’clock.)

  1. In 1994 he was working in a small town in Poland.

(he started working in 1994 and he continued working in a small town in Poland after 1994.) read more

Pattern Past Future Tense

Pattern Past Future Tense

Pattern Past Future Tense

Pattern Past Future Tense

        Talking about Pattern Past Future or Simple Past Future Tense is actually not only the pattern itself but also about the function and the examples of it. So in this occasion I will share about Pattern Past Future Tense, the function and the examples Past Future Tense. (Also read : FUNCTION OF PAST FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE)

The Function of Past Future Tense

        Past Future is used to express the idea that in the past we thought something would happen in the future. It does not matter if we are correct or not. Past Future Tense follows the basic rules of “Would” or “was/were going to”. “Would” is used to volunteer or promise, and “was going to” is used to plan. Moreover, both forms can be used to make predictions about the future.

Examples:

  • I knew Yenny would have lunch. (voluntary action)
  • I told you he was going to come to the party. (plan)
  • Ratna said Sonny was going to bring his sister with him, but he came alone. (plan)
  • I had a feeling that the vacation was going to be a disaster. (prediction)
  • He promised he would send a postcard from Egypt. (promise)

Pattern Past Future Tense

There are two pattern I can share in Pattern Past Future Tense. They are by using:

  1. Was/were going to
  2. Would

Explanation

  1. Was/Were going to

( + ) Subject + was/were + going to + V1 + C

  • I was going to study hard.
  • She was going to write a short story.
  • They were going to play well.

( – ) Subject + was/were + not + going to + V1 + C read more

Function of Past Future Continuous Tense

Function of Past Future Continuous Tense

Past Future Continuous Tense

The Function of Past Future Continuous Tense

       For continuing sharing about grammar, in this occasion I want to share about Past Future Continuous Tense. In this case I want to discuss about the function or purpose or usage, the pattern, time signal and the examples of Past Future Continuous Tense. Below is the information. (Also read : Visiting to Nabawi Mosque in Madinah)

The Function of Past Future Continuous Tense

        Past Future Continuous Tense is used to express about the idea’ that in the past action/event was predicted, planned, promised, expected or obliged to be happening (being continued) in a certain period in the past future, or while simultaneously another action/event happened or was also happening (being continued) in the same period in the past future, regardless the fact that idea was not proved to be true.

        We can use Past Future Continuous Tense for the function or purpose of Past-Continuous Tense, Present-Continuous Tense and Future-Continuous Tense. (Also read other article at : Bagian dan Fungsi Organ Mata) read more

Past future perfect tense

Past Future Perfect Tense

Past future perfect tense

Past Future Perfect Tense

       Actually Past future perfect tense is rarely used in daily conversations. However, by sharing this, it is expected to assist students to understand and comprehend about Past future perfect.  so here I want to share about the pattern and the function or usage of Past future perfect tense. (Also read : PAST FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE)

The Pattern of Past future perfect tense

By using Verb

(+) S + would/should + have + V3

        She would have shouted, but I couldn’t.

        I would have married her if i had become an engineer                    three years ago.

(-) S + would/should + not + have + V3

         She would not have shouted, but I couldn’t.

         I would have married her if i had become an engineer                     three years ago.

(?) Would/should + S + have + V3

       Would she have shouted, but I couldn’t.

       I would have married her if i had become an engineer                      three years ago. read more

Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense

Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense

Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense

Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense

       The function of Past Future Perfect Continuous

      Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense is used to express an action or imaginary situation that would have been happening in the past. The verb of Past Future Perfect Continuous is in progress at a certain point or during certain periods in the past. Past Future Perfect Continuous are suppositions or assumptions, referring to the actors in the sentence just assumed the sentence stated by it. (Also read : Nothing will be Permanent in this World)

       Actually, Past Future Perfect Continuous is rarely being used in daily life, however, there is no mistake if we know it.

Examples:

  • He would have been waiting for me for 3 hours at 10 p.m. yesterday, but he had gone at 9 p.m.
  • She would have been working at that company for 3 years by the end of last year if she didn’t get an accident.

 

The Pattern of Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense

There are two patterns of Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense, they are:

A.   By using Verb

The Pattern:

(+) S + Would/Should + Have + Been + Verb-ing + Complement

  • My boyfriend would have been giving flower at this hour yesterday morning.
  • I would have been driving my car to Los Angles for a day last week.
  • (Also read other article at : Elegi Pribadi yang Rapuh)

(-) S + Would/Should + Not + Have + Been + Verb-ing + Complement

  • My boyfriend would not have been giving flower at this hour yesterday morning.
  • I would not have been driving my car to Los Angles for a day last week.

(?) Would/Should + S + Have + Been + Verb-ing + Complement read more

Function of Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Function of Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Past Perfect Continuous

Function of Past Perfect Continuous Tense

       After sharing about Past Perfect Tense in the previous post, this time I want to continue sharing about kind of Tense. In this case I want to share about Past Perfect Continuous Tense. (Also read : The Pattern of Past Continuous Tense)

        While talking about Past Perfect Continuous Tense, it means that we are talking about an action that started before the past and continued until the past action. And for the complete discussion, let’s go to the following pattern and function of Past perfect continuous Tense.

The Pattern of Past perfect continuous Tense

( + ) Subject + had + been + Ving

                                Randy had been doing his homework.

                                They had been discussing their plan.

( – )  Subject + had + not + been + Ving

                                Randy had not been doing his homework. read more

Pattern and Function Past perfect Tense

Pattern and Function Past perfect Tense

Past Perfect Tense

Pattern and Function Past perfect Tense

       In the previous post I have shared about, present perfect tense and simple past tense, so now I want to share another tense in English. It is about Past perfect Tense. (Also read : Recreation to Watu Dodol Beach)

Let’s study

Pattern

( + ) Subject + had + V3

                   Dandy had done his homework.

                   We had discussed our plan.

( – )  Subject + had + not + V3

                   Dandy had not done his homework.

                   We had not discussed our plan.

( ? ) Had + Subject + V3

                   Had Dandy done his homework?

                   Had we discussed our plan?

Function

  1. We use the past perfect tense to talk about what happened before a point in the past. It looks back from a point in the past to further in the past. (Also read other article at : Beberapa Judul Skripsi Bahasa Inggris yang Direkomendasikan)

I hadn’t known the bad news when I spoke to him.

I checked with the supplier and they still hadn’t received the contract.

She had already told him before I got a chance to give him my version.

The company had started the year well but was badly hit by the postal strike.

  1. The past perfect tense is often used when we report what people had said/thought/believe

He told me they had already paid the bill. read more

The Pattern of Past Continuous Tense

The Pattern of Past Continuous Tense

Past Continuous Tense

The Pattern of Past Continuous Tense

       When we are talking about Past continuous Tense, it means that we are talking about the activity happens in the past. However it is rather different to Simple Past Tense. The past continuous is formed from the past tense of “be” with the – ing form of the “verb” or it can be formed by constructing as follows, (Also read : Pattern and usage of Simple Past Tense)

Pattern

( + ) Subject + was/were + Ving

          Suzan was washing dishes.

          They were playing kites.

( – )  Subject + was/were + not + Ving

          Suzan was not washing dishes.

          They were not playing kites.

( ? ) Was/Were + Subject + Ving

          Was Suzan washing dishes?

          Were they playing kites?

Note:           “Was” is used for subject He, She, It.

Were” is used for subject I, You, We, They.     

(Also read other article at : Tokoh Pelopor Aliran Seni Rupa)

Usage

  1. We use the simple past tense to talk about actions and states which we see as completed in the past.
  2. We can use it to talk about a specific point in time.
  3. We use the past continuous to talk about past events which went on for a period of time.
  4. We use it when we want to emphasize the continuing process of an activity or the period of that activity. (If we just want to talk about the past event as a simple fact, we use the past simple.)

Examples: read more

Pattern and usage of Simple Past Tense

Pattern and usage of Simple Past Tense

Pattern and usage of Simple Past Tense

Pattern and usage of Simple Past Tense

       After sharing about Simple Present, Present Continuous and others for grammar, now is the time for me to share other kinds of tenses. In this case is sharing about Simple Past Tense. In this share I will share the pattern, the usage, time signal and examples so let’s discuss. (Also read : Types of Conditional Sentence)

 

Pattern

There are two pattern of Simple Past Tense

  1.   ( + ) Subject + Verb2

                          e.g  They worked together .

           ( – ) Subject + did not + Verb1

                    e.g  They did not work together.

            ( ? ) Did + Subject + Verb1

                    e.g  Did they work together?

  1. ( + ) Subject + was/were

       e.g  She was happy.

               They were happy

         ( – ) Subject + was/were + not

          e.g  She was not happy.

                   They were not happy

          ( ? ) Was/Were + Subject

            e.g  Was she happy? read more