Brief History of Karawang Regency

Brief History of Karawang Regency

Brief History of Karawang Regency

Brief History of Karawang Regency

       Around the XV Century AD, Islam entered Karawang brought by the great ulema of Sheikh Hasanudin bin Yusup Idofi from Champa who was known as Sheikh Quro. At that time the Karawang area was still largely wilderness and swampy. (Also read : History of Pontianak City)

       The existence of the Karawang area which had been known since the Pajajaran Kingdom centered in the Bogor Region, because Karawang at that time was a very important traffic lane to connect the Kingdom of Pakuan Pajajaran with Galuh Pakuan which was centered in the Ciamis Region.

       The total area of ​​Karawang regency at that time was not the same as the area of ​​Karawang regency at present. At that time the area of ​​Karawang Regency consisted of Bekasi, Purwakarta, Subang and Karawang itself.

       After the Pajajaran Kingdom collapsed in 1579 AD, in 1580 AD the Sumedanglarang Kingdom was established as the successor to the Pajajaran Kingdom with its King Prabu Geusan Ulun. The Islamic Kingdom of Sumedanglarang, the seat of government in Dayeuhluhur, was in charge of Sumedang, Galuh, Limbangan, Sukakerta and Karawang. read more

History of Brunei Darussalam State

History of Brunei Darussalam State

History of Brunei Darussalam State

History of Brunei Darussalam State

       Brunei Darussalam Kingdom State is one of the Islamic kingdom states in the north of Borneo bordering the South China Sea in the north, and Sarawak in the west, and east. The total area of ​​Brunei is 5,765 km. (Also read : Brief History of Laos Country)

The Origin of the Name of Brunei Darussalam

       Brunei is the oldest country among the kingdoms in Malay lands. The existence of the Old Brunei was obtained based on Arabic, Chinese and oral traditions. In the records of Chinese History known as Po-li, Po-lo, Poni or Puni and Bunlai. In Arabic records it is recognized by Dzabaj or Randj.

       An oral tradition note was obtained from Syair Awang Semaun who said that Brunei came from words, “Baru-nah”, after the group of clans or Sakai tribes led by Pateh Berbai went to the Brunei River looking for a place to establish a new country. After getting the area which had a very strategic position which was flanked by hills, water, easy to recognize and for transportation and rich fish as a lot of food sources in rivers, so they said new words, which means the place was very good, well-pleased and appropriate in their hearts to establish the country as they wished. Then the new words, eventually changed to Brunei. read more

Brief History the State of Cambodia

Brief History the State of Cambodia

Brief History the State of Cambodia

Brief History the State of Cambodia

       Cambodia is officially named the Kingdom of Cambodia, a country in Southeast Asia with a total area of ​​181,035 km2. The population of Cambodia is more than 14.8 million. The official religion in Cambodia is Buddhism with about 95% of Cambodia’s population. Cambodia’s capital and largest city is Phnom Penh. The form of the Cambodian state is a democratic constitutional monarchy. (Also read : Brief History of Thailand Kingdom)

Cambodian History

       The development of Cambodian civilization occurred in the 1st century AD. During the 3,4th and 5th centuries AD, the Funan and Chenla countries united to develop Cambodia. These countries had close relations with China and India. The power of these two countries collapsed when the Khmer Kingdom was established and ruled in the 9th century to the 13th century.

       The Khmer Kingdom survived into the 15th century. The capital of the Khmer Kingdom was located in Angkor, an area that was built during the heyday of the Khmer. Angkor Wat, which was also built at the time, became a symbol of Khmer rule. read more

Brief History of Laos Country

Brief History of Laos Country

Brief History of Laos Country

Brief History of Laos Country

       Laos is the only country in Southeast Asia that does not have sea areas. The country in which its capital city of Vientiane is known as a peaceful, friendly, and still holds strong traditional understanding country. However, Laos has also experienced in the era of colonialism and war. (Also read : Brief History Independence of Vietnam)

History of Laos

       The Lao people migrated to Laos from South China since the 8th century. In the 14th century, the first Lao state was founded, the Lan Xang kingdom, which ruled Laos until it was divided into three separate kingdoms in 1713. During the 18th century, three kingdoms came under Siam (Thailand), and rules, in 1893, became a protectorate of France. With its territory included in Indochina. A strong nationalist movement was developed during World War II, but France rebuilt control in 1946 and made the king of Luang Prabang the constitutional monarchy of all Laos. France was granted semiautonomy in 1949 and later, driven by the Viet Minh revolt in Vietnam, full independence within the French Union in 1950. read more

Brief History of Thailand Kingdom

Brief History of Thailand Kingdom

Brief History of Thailand Kingdom

Brief History of Thailand Kingdom

       The Bronze Age culture is thought to have started since 5600 years ago in Thailand (Siam). Then came various immigrants including the Mon, Khmer and Thai tribes. One big kingdom centered in Palembang, Srivijaya, had ruled to this country. many arts and crafts in Palembang with Thailand are similar. (Also read : Brief History of Myanmar Country)

       In the early 1200s, the Thais established small kingdoms in Lanna, Phayao and Sukhothai. In 1238, a fully independent Thai kingdom was founded at Sukhothai (‘Dawn of Happiness’). In 1300, Sukhothai was conquered by the kingdom of Ayutthaya, until it was finally captured by Burma in 1767.

       The fall of Ayutthaya was a big blow to the Thais, but soon King Taksin succeeded in driving out Burma and establishing his capital at Thon Buri. In 1782 the first King of the Chakri Dynasty to power to this day established a new capital in Bangkok.

       Mongkut King (Rama IV) and his son, Chulalongkorn King (Rama V), were highly respected for successfully saving Thailand from western colonialism. read more

Brief History of Myanmar Country

Brief History of Myanmar Country

Brief History of Myanmar Country

Brief History of Myanmar Country

       The Unitary Republic of Myanmar (also called “Burma” in the Western world) is a country in Southeast Asia. The country covering an area of ​​680 thousand km² has been ruled by a military government since the 1988 coup. The country is a developing country and has a population of more than 53 million people (2017). The capital of the country was previously located in Yangon before being moved by the military junta government to Naypyidaw on November 7, 2005. (Also read : Brief History of Philippines)

Change of the name

       The name change from Burma to Myanmar was carried out by the military junta government on June 18, 1989. The military junta changed the name of Burma to Myanmar so that non-Burmese ethnic groups felt part of the country. However, this name change is not fully adopted by the international world, especially in British Commonwealth countries.

History of Myanmar’s Independence

       On January 4, 1948, Myanmar succeed to get independence from Britain. But before that, Myanmar was one of the British colonies. Myanmar after falling into the hands of the British often put up a fight against the British government. From this the spirit of Myanmar’s nationalism rose. As for several other reasons that caused Myanmar Nationalism to emerge due to several external factors, namely: read more

Brief History Independence of Vietnam

Brief History Independence of Vietnam

Brief History Independence of Vietnam

Brief History Independence of Vietnam

       Vietnam has a history that is full of struggle. Vietnam was formed through a long and quite winding process. Vietnam received support from the People’s Republic of China (PRC), which was led by Mao Tse Tung. The formation of the Vietnamese state was inseparable from the role of the Vet Minh forces which gathered power in 1949. (Also read : Brief History of Malaysia)

Brief History of Independence of Vietnam

       In 179 BC until 938, Vietnam came under the rule of the Chinese kings. In 938, under the leadership of Ngo Quyen, at Bach Dang, successfully defeated the Chinese army, which it was the end of the occupation of the Chinese dynasty. After that, the Vietnam Monarchy came under the Government of the Ngo Dynasty (938 – 969), Dynasty Dinli (969 – 979), Le Dynasty (980 – 1009), Ly Dynasty (1010-1225), Tran Dynasty (1224 – 1400), Ho Dynasty (1401 – 1406).

       In the period 1407 – 1427, Vietnam was again ruled by the Dynasty of China, namely: Ming Dynasty. Vietnam was again ruled by the Vietnam Monarchy, namely the Le Dynasty (1428 – 1527). In 1527 the Le Dynasty fell and was replaced by the Mac Dynasty (1527 – 1592), however, since then there have been many anti-Mac Dynasty rebellions that have divided Vietnam and led to a civil war, namely the Le-Mac War (1543-1592), War Trinh-Nguyen (1627 -1672), where the country was then divided into 2 (two), namely: Dang Ngoai (north) with King Trinh and Dang Trong (South) with King Nguyen who founded the capital at Phu Xuan (now Hue). The Tay Son (Farmer’s Movement in 1771) succeeded in bringing down King Nguyen and King Trinh and uniting a divided nation for more than 200 years. In 1802, the Tay Son Dynasty was defeated by the Nguyen Anh Dynasty (1802-1945) who gave the country a new name as Dai Nam with its capital Hue. read more

Brief History of Philippines

Brief History of Philippines

Brief History of Philippines

Brief History of Philippines

       Philippines is a republic country in Southeast Asia, north of Indonesia and Malaysia. Philippines is an island nation. This country consists of 7,107 islands. Philippines is often considered the only Southeast Asian country where the influence of Western culture is very strong. Do you know why? This is because Philippines has a long history as below.

Early History of the Standing State of Philippines

The written relics of Philippines began around the 8th century based on the findings of copper plates near Manila. From the writing on the plate it is known that Philippines was under the influence of the Srivijaya kingdom. However, this written evidence is so little that historians of Philippines still assume that Philippine history began in the era of colonialism. (Also read : Brief History of Singapore Country)

       The first arrival of Westerners was recorded that the arrival of Ferdinand Magellan on Homonhon Island, southeast of Samar on March 16, 1521. Prior to Magellan’s arrival, there were Negrito tribes exploring the Philippine islands, but they were later replaced by Austronesians. These groups could be classified as hunter and gatherer tribes, knight communities, small plutocracy, and maritime kingdoms, which then grew into kingdoms, confederations and sultanates. read more

Brief History of Malaysia

Brief History of Malaysia

Brief History of Malaysia

Brief History of Malaysia

       On 31 August 1957, the BBC news agency recorded the gathering of thousands of people at Merdeka Stadium, Kuala Lumpur, to witness and congratulate the transfer of power from the British Empire to the Federation of Malaya. For this, every August 31 is celebrated as “Malaysian Independence Day”. 

       The struggle of the nationalists on the Malay Peninsula, as in Indonesia, was also influenced by the end of the Japanese occupation in 1945, the Encyclopedia Britannica noted. Malaya and Borneo were two important regions because they provided natural resources for Japan. The Rising Sun troops began the invasion of the Malay Peninsula in 1941 and achieved success in 1942. (Also read : History of Tangerang City)

       After three years in power, Japan’s politics and economy were paralyzed not only by the atomic bombings on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, but also the instability of the Malayan region. Communist groups that on average were of Chinese descent carried out guerrilla resistance in the forest and carried out a rebellion in North Borneo. read more

Brief History of Singapore Country

Brief History of Singapore Country

Brief History of Singapore Country

Brief History of Singapore Country

       Singapore has become one of the modern countries that is now growing rapidly in various fields of industry and education. As one of the countries that has always been in the spotlight, of course there is history behind its independence. Who would have thought the name Singapore itself has an interesting story when the British government was looking for a port to stop and become a new trading post in the Malacca Strait. A figure in England named Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles was a person who was instrumental in the development of this small island. What is Singapore’s long history like to be able to be as independent and large as it is now? The following is a brief an explanation of the Brief History of Singapore Country.

The Origin of the Singapore Name

       The name of Singapore certainly has a meaning and origin that you need to know. In Sanskrit “Simha” means lion and “Pura” means city. Why it uses Sanskrit? At the beginning of the 14th century Prince Sriwijaya named Sang Nila Utama stopped at an island that he did not know about. The island was considered strategic enough to be made a shipping and trade center because it was located at the tip of the Malay Peninsula. At that time the prince was stopping to rest on the island. When hunting, the prince saw an animal running fast in front of him. However, he never knew what animal it was. However, the prince considered that the animal was a type of lion. Due to often seeing these animals while hunting or continuing their journey, the prince gave the island’s name as Singapore. (Read the complete Origin Of Singapore Name at : The Legend of Singapore) read more