Explanation about Procedure Text

Explanation about Procedure Text

Explanation about Procedure Text

Explanation about Procedure Text

       The following post is a video of English Learning of Explanation about procedure text which it is presented by Group 1 of IX-A class, Junior High School (SMP) 1 Tarik, Sidoarjo, East Java. (Also read : Difference between Descriptive and Report Text)

       The purpose of publishing this video is giving appreciation to them for their effort to increase their courage in improving their speaking skill. Our other goal in publishing this video is to support their other friends and all readers, especially everyone who are still studying procedure text in Junior High School (SMP) or Senior High School (SMA), so they are not embarrassed in conveying their idea. (Also read other article at : Between Happiness and Misery)

This is the video of Procedure Text

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       Although the performance of the presentation of an English learning about Procedure Text is not as good as the experts, however, the video of presentation above at least can be used as an evidence that our students can improve and perform their skill in achievement of her action in implementation of English Material, especially combination of reading material, especially procedure text, speaking skill and act performance. read more

Pattern Past Future Tense

Pattern Past Future Tense

Pattern Past Future Tense

Pattern Past Future Tense

        Talking about Pattern Past Future or Simple Past Future Tense is actually not only the pattern itself but also about the function and the examples of it. So in this occasion I will share about Pattern Past Future Tense, the function and the examples Past Future Tense. (Also read : FUNCTION OF PAST FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE)

The Function of Past Future Tense

        Past Future is used to express the idea that in the past we thought something would happen in the future. It does not matter if we are correct or not. Past Future Tense follows the basic rules of “Would” or “was/were going to”. “Would” is used to volunteer or promise, and “was going to” is used to plan. Moreover, both forms can be used to make predictions about the future.


  • I knew Yenny would have lunch. (voluntary action)
  • I told you he was going to come to the party. (plan)
  • Ratna said Sonny was going to bring his sister with him, but he came alone. (plan)
  • I had a feeling that the vacation was going to be a disaster. (prediction)
  • He promised he would send a postcard from Egypt. (promise)

Pattern Past Future Tense

There are two pattern I can share in Pattern Past Future Tense. They are by using:

  1. Was/were going to
  2. Would


  1. Was/Were going to

( + ) Subject + was/were + going to + V1 + C

  • I was going to study hard.
  • She was going to write a short story.
  • They were going to play well.

( – ) Subject + was/were + not + going to + V1 + C read more

Expression of Belief and Disbelief

Expression of Belief and Disbelief

        Expression of Belief and Disbelief. After sharing about Expression of praise and some other expressions in the previous post, now I want to share about another expression related to speaking area. In this case I want discuss about Expression of Belief and Disbelief.

        Expression of Belief and Disbelief is used when we want to give belief or disbelief response of someone’s statement or idea.

        There are some expressions related to Belief and Disbelief. Below is the explanation about the Expression of Belief and Disbelief:

Expression of Belief :

  • Do you think he is honest ?
  • Do you believe she is guilty?
  • How can you believe that ?
  • Do you believe in yourself ?
  • What do you believe in ?
  • Believe me
  • I swear
  • Trust me
  • You have my word on that
  • Don’t you trust me?
  • Have faith in me
  • Do you believe it?
  • Wouldn’t you believe it?
  • Can you imagine that?
  • Don’t believe it, do you?
  • Don’t you think it’s odd that…?
  • Do you expect me to believe it?

Respond :

  • I believe that …
  • I believe you
  • I trust you
  • I have complete faith in you

Expression of Disbelief:

  • You won’t belief this but ..
  • Do you know what?
  • This may surprise you, but…
  • I’ve got news for you. ……
  • Do you believe it?
  • Wouldn’t you believe it?
  • Can you imagine that?


  • Really? I find that hard to believe.
  • Are you joking?
  • I can’t see that.
  • I don’t believe it.
  • Are you serious?
  • You must be joking/kidding.
  • Oh, no! That’s not true!
  • You don’t say!
  • Seeing is believing.
  • You are kidding
  • That can’t be
  • That’s incredible
  • Nonsense
  • I don’t believe you
  • Baloney
  • You are full of it
  • I don’t trust you
  • I have no faith in you
  • You are kidding me right?
  • No, I don’t believe it!
  • That’s unbelievable!
  • That can’t be.

Examples of dialogue

Dialogue 1

Two days ago, Basori met Rahmat met at the stall. He talked about his experience of going to Trans Studio last holiday.

Basori   :  I went to trans studio last weekend.

Rahmat :  Really, who did you go with?

Basori   : Only my girlfriend.

Rahmat :  You’re kidding… your girlfriend went with you?  Did anyone else go?

Basori   :  No, just the two of us.  We had a great time. Do you believe it? read more

Expression and Response of Request

Expression of Request

        Expression and Response of Request. In everyday activity, it is normally that sometimes we need to ask someone to do something for us. However, we are still confused how to express our request so someone understand what we ask about. For this, we want to share about Expression and Response of Request. Below is the explanation.

      There are four points of topic will be discussed Expression and Response of Request. They are Asking someone to do something, asking someone for something, accepting for request and refusing request.

Now, let’s go to the discussion.

  1.   Expression of Request

        A.   Asking someone to do something:

  • Can you give me the book?
  • Could you phone me at 5 o’clock in the morning?
  • Would you mind repairing my laptop?
  • Do you think you could take me to the market?
  • I wonder if you could write me an application letter?

        B.   Asking someone for something:

  • Can I borrow your ruler?
  • Could I have a seat?
  • Can’t I sit beside you?
  • May I use your motor cycle?

  1. Response of Request

      A.   The expression to accept Request:

  • Yes
  • OK
  • Sure
  • All right
  • Certainly
  • It’s a pleasure

     B.   The expression to refuse Request:

  • I’m afraid, I ….. (give your reason).
  • I’m sorry, I can’t.
  • I’d like to, but…(give your reason).

Example of dialogue

Dialogue 1:

Sales           : What I can do for you sir?

Customer : I am looking for a good pants. Would you mind take                         me some? so I can compare each others. read more

Asking and Expressing Capability

Asking and Expressing Capability

       Asking and Expressing Capability. Speaking is one aspect of language skills. For this I have shared some topics related to speaking guide. And now I want to share about asking and expressing capability. Below is the explanation.

       An expression of capability is used for expressing of our ability to do something. There are three points of topic will be discussed. They are asking for capability, expressing capability and showing incapability.

  1. Asking for capability / ability
  • do you think you are capable of…..?
  • Do you think you’re able to . . . .?
  • Do you think you can , , , ,?
  • are you capability of . . . .?
  • are you capable to……?
  • are you able to
  • Are you capable of…?
  • Do you know how to…?
  • Do you know anything about…?
  • Do you have the experience to…?
  • can / could you ……?
  1. Expressing capability / ability
  • I think I can . . . .
  • Yes, I can
  • I thought I’m able to . . . . .
  • I think I’m capable enough.
  • I am capable of doing it
  • I’m able to……
  • I have the ability to do it
  • I’m good at . . . .
  • I can / could do it
  1. Showing incapability / inability
  • I’m not sure I’m capable of doing it
  • I’m not capable of doing it
  • I am not able to……
  • I don’t think I can’t do it.
  • I am not good at…
  • I have no idea how…
  • I have no experience of…
  • No, I don’t know how to…
  • I don’t know anything about…
  • I am not sure I know how to…
  • (I am afraid) I cannot cope (with)…
  • I would not know where to begin or start…
  • I don’t think I have experience or ability to…
  • Sorry, I can’t do it.
  • I’m incapable of doing it.
  • I don’t think i have ability
  • I’m not sure i can
  • I won’t be able to
  • I can’t / couldn’t do it

Example in Dialogue read more

Definition and Kinds of adjective

Definition and Kinds of adjective

Kinds of Adjective

Definition and Kinds of adjective

       After sharing kinds of noun and kinds of pronoun in the previous post, now I want to share another part of speech. It is about kinds of Adjective. So let’s go to the explanation.


       An adjective is a word or set of words that modifies (describes) a noun or pronoun. Adjectives may come before the word they modify. (Also read : Definition and Kinds of Pronoun)


That is a cute puppy.

She likes a high school senior.

Adjectives may also follow the word they modify:


That puppy looks cute.

Kinds of Adjective

  • Descriptive Adjective or adjective of quality
  • Adjective of quantity
  • Demonstrative Adjective
  • Possessive Adjective
  • Indefinite Adjective
  • Interrogative adjective
  • Comparative Adjective
  • Superlative Adjective

Descriptive adjective

Descriptive adjectives are the most numerous of the different types of adjectives. These adjectives describe nouns that refer to action, state, or quality (careless, dangerous, excited, sad, black, white, big, small, long, fat, English, Mediterranean, three-cornered).

  • Dangerous chemicals
  • Green vegetables
  • A square box
  • A big house
  • A tall tree
  • A cold morning
  • A true story

Adjective of quantity

An adjective of quantity tells us the number (how many) or amount (how much) of a noun. read more

Generic Structure of Explanation Text

Generic Structure of Explanation Text

Explanation Text

Generic Structure of Explanation Text

       As we know there are many kinds of text in English, and I have share some of them. For this occasion, I want to share again about kinds of text and in this case I want to share about explanation text. In this post I will share about the definition, generic structure, language feature, and example of explanation text.  Let’s go to the topic. (Also read : Generic Structure of Narrative Text)

  1. Definition and purpose of Explanation

       Explanation is a text which tells processes relating to forming of natural, social, scientific and cultural phenomena. Explanation text is to say ‘why’ and ‘how’ of the forming of the phenomena. It is often found in science, geography and history text books.

  1. Generic structure of Explanation
  • General statement; stating the phenomenon issues which are to be explained.
  • Sequenced explanation; stating a series of steps which explain the phenomena.
  • (Closing); atually this is not mentioned in explanation text, however, many people think that the last of paragraph is clossing, in which it is actually  part of sequenced explanation
  1. Language Feature
  • Featuring generic participant; sun, rain, etc.
  • Using chronological connection; to begin with, next, etc.
  • Using passive voice pattern
  • Using simple present tense
  1. Example and structure of the text

Making Paper from Woodchips

A general statement Wood-chipping is a process used to obtain pulp and paper products from forest trees.
A sequenced The wood-chipping process begins when the trees are cut down in a selected area of the forest called a coupe.
explanation of Next the tops and branches of the trees are cut out and then the logs are taken to the mill.
why or how something occurs At the mill the bark of the logs is removed and the logs are taken to a chipper which cuts them into small pieces called woodchips.
The woodchips are then screened to remove dirt and other impurities. At this stage they are either exported in this form or changed into pulp by chemicals and heat.
  The pulp is then bleached and the water content is removed.
Closing Finally the pulp is rolled out to make paper.

Other Example of Explanation Text


     What is photosynthesis? Photosynthesis is a food-making process that occurs in green plants. It is the chief function of leaves. The word photosynthesis means putting together with light. Green plants use energy from light to combine carbon dioxide and water to make sugar and other chemical compounds. (Also read other article at : Fungsi dan Ciri Kebahasaan Advertisement Text) read more

Explanation about Question Tag

Explanation about Question Tag

Question Tag

Explanation about Question Tag

       A Question tag is a short question at the end of statement. It is mainly used in speech when we want to confirm that something is true or not, or to encourage a reply from the person we are speaking to. (Also read : Types of Conditional Sentence)

Form of question tag

Auxiliary + pronoun + ?

There are two main parts of question tag. They are main statement and question tag.

So the form is

Statement, Question Tag


We are students, aren’t we?

We are students = statement

aren’t we = question tag

Pay attention of the following information:

  1. If main statement is positive ( + ), question tag should be negative ( – )


  • She is an artist, isn’t she?
  • They will go home, won’t they?
  1. If main statement is negative ( – ), question tag should be positive ( + )


  • He didn’t play in the yard, did he?
  • We can’t stay here, can we?
If subject in main statement is pronoun, subject in question tag should be the same as subject in main statement. (Also read other article at :

Kelebihan dan Kekurangan Sistem Pemerintahan Parlementer read more

Explanation about Present Perfect Tense

Explanation about Present Perfect Tense

Present Perfect

Explanation about Present Perfect Tense

       After sharing about Simple Present Tense in the previous post, now I want to continue sharing about grammar. In this case I want to share an Explanation about Present Perfect Tense. For complete information, let’s go to the following explanation. (Also read : The function of Simple Present Tense)


( + ) Subject + has/have + V3

                   Dandy has done his homework.

                   We have discussed our plan.

( – )  Subject + has/have + not + V3

                   Dandy has not done his homework.

                   We have not discussed our plan.

( ? ) Has/Have + Subject + V3

                   Has Dandy done his homework?

                   Have we discussed our plan?

Note:           “has” is used for subject He, She, It.

have” is used for subject I, You, We, They.


       We use the present perfect when we want to look back from the present to the past. We can use it to look back on the recent past. (Also read other article at : Hujan Yang Membawa Kenangan) read more