Difference between there is and there are

Difference Between There Is and There Are

Difference between there is and there are

Difference Between There Is and There Are

       Some of students may know when they should use “There is” or “There are”. However, some other students may be confused of using both of them. For helping to overcome of some confusing those students, we will post about the difference between the using of “There is” and “There are”. (Also read : Difference Between WILL and GOING TO)

We use “there is” and “there are” to say that something or someone exists.

The choice between the phrases of “there is” and “there are” at the beginning of a sentence is determined by the noun that follows it.

We use “there is” when the noun is singular (“There is a cat”).

And we use “there are” when the noun is plural (“There are two cats”).

You probably know that the choice between “is” or “are” depends on a noun. In most sentences, the noun comes before the verb.

  • A cat is on the bed. Two cats are on the table.
  • A bird is in the cage. Three birds are on the mango tree.

But in sentences that begin with “there is: and “there are”, the noun comes later.

Example: read more

Difference Between WILL and GOING TO

Difference Between WILL and GOING TO

Difference Between WILL and GOING TO

Difference Between WILL and GOING TO

       As we know that “Going to” and “will” are used in the English language as the future tense. However, we sometimes feel confusing about how to differ of “Going to” and “will”. To make it clear, we are going to share the Difference Between WILL and GOING TO as shown below. (Also read : Definition and Example of Verb)

We use WILL when:

  1. We want to talk about future facts or things that will be true about the future.
  • The President will serve for four years.
  • The train will arrive in 10 minutes.
  • The sun will rise in the morning.
  1. We want to make a promise, offer or a threat.
  • I will give you my homework if you help me with this task now.
  • I promise I will help you tomorrow.
  • I will study medicine at university.
  • I will stop going to the casino.
  1. We are making a decision at the moment of speaking. (Also read other article at : You Have to Love Yourself)
  • The ice-cream looks good. I think I will get one for John.
  • There’s no orange juice in the fridge. I will go and get some now.
  • A: What would you like to drink, sir?

         B: I will have a glass of milk, please.

  • A: Oh, you have left the door open.

         B: Have I? I will go and shut it.

We use TO BE GOING TO when:

  1. The decision has already been made
  • A: There is a good movie on TV tonight.

         B: Yes. I know. I am going to watch it.

  • A: Why is Betty in a hurry?

          B: Because she is going to meet her brother at the station at six.

  • I’m going to meet with her after work.
  • We’re going to come to your house at 8 am tomorrow.
  1. We are making a future prediction based on the evidence now. (Also read other article at : Pengertian dan Contoh Majas Anafora)
  • It’s going to rain soon. The sky is very cloudy, and I can hear a thunder.
  • The tea is too hot. You’re going to but your lips.
  • Look at those black clouds. It is going to rain.
  • A: What is the matter with you?

          B: I feel terrible. I think I am going to be ill.

  1. Something is about to happen
  • The bell is going to ring any minute now.
  • Oh, no! The balloon is going to pop now!
  • Careful! The bomb is going to explode.

       That’s all the post about the Difference Between WILL and GOING TO we can share for this occasion. We hope the post about the Difference words above can increase our English, especially our knowledge about grammar material. (Also read other article at : Latihan Soal Uraian Auxiliary Modal Can) read more

Difference between Simple Past and Past Continuous Tense

Difference between Simple Past and Past Continuous Tense

Difference between Simple Past and Past Continuous Tense

Difference between Simple Past and Past Continuous Tense

       As we have already studied from the previous post before, both the Simple Past and the Past Continuous Tense refer to completed actions in the past time.  However, both of them actually have some differences. (Also read : Difference Between Simple and Present Continuous Tense)

Below are some differences

A. We use Simple Past Tense to talk about a finished action in the past, often with time expressions like yesterday, last week, a year ago etc. This is by far the most common way of talking about the past.

Examples:

  1. I lived there for 6 years.
  2. I only found out a few moments ago.
  3. I asked her but she didn’t know anything.
  4. The company made 100 people redundant last year.

B. The most common use of the past continuous tense is to talk about something that was happening around a particular time in the past [to emphasize the continuity of the action]. (Also read other article at : Gemuruh Petir Menyertai Hujan)

Examples:

  1. What were you doing at 8 o’clock last night? I was watching television.

(I started watching television before 8 o’clock and I continued watching it after 8 o’clock.)

  1. In 1994 he was working in a small town in Poland.

(he started working in 1994 and he continued working in a small town in Poland after 1994.) read more

Difference Between Simple and Present Continuous Tense

Difference Between Simple and Present Continuous Tense

Difference Between Simple and Present Continuous Tense

Difference Between Simple and Present Continuous Tense

       As we have already studied before, both of Simple Present Tense and Present Continuous Tense are expressing the present activities, it means that the activities happen about the time of speaking. However, both of them have some differences. (Also read : Definition and Examples of Proper Nouns)

The differences can be shown as below:

A.  The Simple Present Tense is used for:

  1. Regular actions or events
  • He plays tennis most weekends.
  • We have fasting a month on Ramadhan.
  • I eat rice three times a day.
  1. Facts
  • The sun rises in the east.
  • The earth is round.
  • Water consists of H2O.
  1. Facts known about the future
  • We leave at 8.30 next Monday.
  • They have meeting at 10.00 tomorrow.
  • Persebaya fights to Arema FC next Wednesday.
  1. Thoughts and feelings about the time of speaking
  • I don’t feel very well.
  • This meatball tastes delicious.

B.  The Present Continuous is used for:

  1. The time of speaking (‘now’)
  • Shh, I’m trying to hear what they are saying .
  • We are using the Internet.
  • (Also read other article at : Jenis Profesi Dalam Bahasa Inggris)
  • He is studying English grammar.
  1. Things which are true at the moment but not always
  • We’re looking for a new flat.
  • I’m looking for a new apartment.
  • He’s thinking about leaving his job.
  • They’re considering making an appeal against the judgment.
  • Are you getting enough sleep?
  1. Present plans for the future
  • We’re having dinner with them next week.
  • We’re going on holiday tomorrow.
  • (Also read other article at : Beautiful Nature of Indonesia)
  • I’m meeting my boyfriend tonight.
  • Are they visiting you next rainy season?

For getting information about the differences of Simple Present Tense and Present Continuous Tense, let’s look at these examples :

  • I don’t usually have cereals for breakfast but I’m having some this morning because there is nothing else.
  • I often cycle to work but I’m taking the car this morning because it’s
  • raining very hard.
  • I’m thinking about having my hair cut short but I don’t think my
  • husband will be very happy about it.
  • My parents live in Washington but I’m just visiting.
  • She usually plays the violin, but he’s playing bass guitar tonight.
  • The weather forecast was good, but it’s raining at the moment.

Note how, in all these examples, we use the present continuous to talk about events which are temporary/limited in time and the present simple to talk about events which are habits/permanent.

       That’s all the material about Difference Between Simple and Present Continuous Tense we can share for this occasion. We hope the post above can increase our understanding about Grammar, especially about the Difference Between Simple and Present Continuous Tense. (Also read other article at : UAS Bahasa Inggris Kelas 11 Semester 2) read more

Difference between Descriptive and Report Text

Difference between Descriptive and Report Text

Difference between Descriptive and Report Text

       When studying about text, especially those who are studying about the types of texts, namely descriptive text and report text, sometimes they have difficulty distinguishing both those texts, when in fact there are some differences between descriptive text and report text. To help our students understand those differences, we will share English material about the Difference between Descriptive and Report Text. (Also read: Report Text About Pigeon)

These are the Difference between Descriptive and Report Text :

Descriptive Text

To describe thing in specific/ detail

Generic Structure   : 1. Identification 2. Description in parts or each characteristic

Using Action Verb (Active Voice)

Report Text

to describe thing in general

Generic Structure   : 1. Identification (General classification )2. Description part per part (in general)

Introducing group or general aspect

Example of Descriptive Text:

My Parrot

       I have a parrot named Bejo. Bejo is a parrot that is very active and agile. My parrot has a very dark black color and yellow beak. At the back of the head there are parts such as yellow combs. read more

Difference Between Farther and Further

Difference Between Farther and Further

Difference Between Farther and Further

Difference Between Farther and Further

      Many people use “further” and “farther” interchangeable, but, in fact, they mean slightly different things. 

      “Farther” refers to a physical distance, while “further” refers to a figurative distance. 

      So, when wondering how many more miles or kilometers to a particular destination, we’d say, “How much farther to the gas station?”  On the other hand, when speaking of a figurative measure, we should use “further”. For example, “Nothing could be further from the truth.” (Also read : Differences IN ON AT for Adverb of Time )

      Probably the best way to remember the distinction between “farther” and “further” is to think about where we’d use the word “furthermore”.  In this case, we use it much like “in addition to”, which is tied to something figurative. 

      So just remember “farther” = “physical” and “further” = “figurative”.

Other idea about Difference Between “Farther” and “Further” :

A. Farther

      If you’re a stickler for the rules, then farther should be used with physical distance. In other words, if you’re thinking about more miles, more kilometers, more inches, more centimeters, etc., then you almost certainly want farther. (Also read other article at : Penjelasan Lengkap dan Contoh Recount Text) read more

Conversation at the Bus Station

Conversation at the Bus Station

Conversation at the Bus Station

      When we go somewhere by bus, usually we get in or get out via bus station. Meanwhile sometimes we need to talk to someone there for having communication. For this, in this occasion we want to share about an example of Conversation at the Bus Station. 

Below is the example of Conversation at the Bus Station:

STEVANIE: “Has Bus 47 come yet?”

ROBBY: “No. I think it is late today.”

STEVANIE: “Do you ride this bus every day?”

ROBBY: “Yes, I do. What about you?” (Also read : Conversation at the Bank)

STEVANIE: “Not every day. Only a couple of times a week.”

ROBBY: “Well, I think the bus is late today because of the rain.”

STEVANIE: “Oh. Does the weather make a difference?”

ROBBY: “Yes. The bus is usually several minutes late when it rains.”

STEVANIE: “Is it because of bad traffic?”

ROBBY: “Yes and probably because of car accidents.”

STEVANIE: “That makes sense. I must have picked the wrong day to ride the bus.”

ROBBY: “Actually, I think riding the bus on rainy days is better.” read more

Difference of Between and Among

Difference of Between and Among

Difference of Between and Among

        Talking about Difference of Between and Among, it is a common misconception that between is used with two things and among is used with three or more things. As we know that many people believe between should be used for choices involving two items and among for choices that involve more than two items. That can be right concept, but it’s not as simple as that concept. (also read : Difference Countable and Uncountable Noun)

        In fact, we can use the word between when we are talking about distinct, individual items even if there are more than two of them. For example, we could say, “She chose between Robby, Brown, and Amir” because the colleges are individual things.

Commonly we have got knowledge that:

  • Both “Among” and “between” are prepositions in the English language used to compare or relate 2 or more things.
  • Generally, “between” applies to 2 choices, while “among” is the appropriate term to connect 3 or more choices.

Examples of between: read more

Difference between Hope and Wish

Difference between Hope and Wish

Difference between Hope and Wish

        After discussing about expression of hope or wish and response in the previous post (in Speaking category) in which it discusses almost about the similar about hope and wish. Now it’s the time for us to discuss about the difference between hope and wish.

        Although in the previous post it was mentioned that the function of “hope” and “wish” is used to express about the about expectation that someone want something to happen (see: Expression of Hope or Wish and Its Response), however, actually both them has difference.

So the difference between hope and wish can be discussed as below:

Hope

The word “hope” is used to talk about possible situations that we desire in future. The important thing to note is that these situations are POSSIBLE.

For example:

I hope you can come to the party on Saturday. (future possibility)

I hope to get an A on the exam. (it is still possible)

I hope it doesn’t rain tomorrow. (although it might)

He hopes to be elected President. (it’s possible that he will be elected)

I hope you have a great day.

I hope you don’t go to the movie without me. read more

Difference between Cardinal and Ordinal Number

Difference between Cardinal and Ordinal Number

Difference between Cardinal and Ordinal Number

Difference between Cardinal and Ordinal Number

Cardinal Number

        A Cardinal Number is a number that shows (says) quantity or how many of something or someone.

Examples:

One book (it means there is a book).

Two pens (it means that the quantity of pens is two).

Three boxes of eggs (it means that there are three boxes of eggs).

Four glasses of water (it means that the quantity of water is four glasses)

Five girls (it means that the quantity of girls is five).

Six boys (it means that the quantity of boys is six).

Ordinal Number

        An Ordinal Number is a number that shows (tells) about the position or (order) of something or someone in a list or an order or a distribution. (Also read : Function and Pattern of Auxiliary Modal SHALL)

Examples:

1st box (it means that the ordering of something in the box is number one).

2nd rank (it means that the rank position of someone or something is number two).

3rd child (it means that the position of the child is number three).

4th birth (it means that the birth of someone or something is number four). read more