Difference between Descriptive and Report Text

Difference between Descriptive and Report Text

Difference between Descriptive and Report Text

       When studying about text, especially those who are studying about the types of texts, namely descriptive text and report text, sometimes they have difficulty distinguishing both those texts, when in fact there are some differences between descriptive text and report text. To help our students understand those differences, we will share English material about the Difference between Descriptive and Report Text. (Also read: Report Text About Pigeon)

These are the Difference between Descriptive and Report Text :

Descriptive Text

To describe thing in specific/ detail

Generic Structure   : 1. Identification 2. Description in parts or each characteristic

Using Action Verb (Active Voice)

Report Text

to describe thing in general

Generic Structure   : 1. Identification (General classification )2. Description part per part (in general)

Introducing group or general aspect

Example of Descriptive Text:

My Parrot

       I have a parrot named Bejo. Bejo is a parrot that is very active and agile. My parrot has a very dark black color and yellow beak. At the back of the head there are parts such as yellow combs. read more

Difference Between Farther and Further

Difference Between Farther and Further

Difference Between Farther and Further

Difference Between Farther and Further

      Many people use “further” and “farther” interchangeable, but, in fact, they mean slightly different things. 

      “Farther” refers to a physical distance, while “further” refers to a figurative distance. 

      So, when wondering how many more miles or kilometers to a particular destination, we’d say, “How much farther to the gas station?”  On the other hand, when speaking of a figurative measure, we should use “further”. For example, “Nothing could be further from the truth.” (Also read : Differences IN ON AT for Adverb of Time )

      Probably the best way to remember the distinction between “farther” and “further” is to think about where we’d use the word “furthermore”.  In this case, we use it much like “in addition to”, which is tied to something figurative. 

      So just remember “farther” = “physical” and “further” = “figurative”.

Other idea about Difference Between “Farther” and “Further” :

A. Farther

      If you’re a stickler for the rules, then farther should be used with physical distance. In other words, if you’re thinking about more miles, more kilometers, more inches, more centimeters, etc., then you almost certainly want farther. (Also read other article at : Penjelasan Lengkap dan Contoh Recount Text) read more

Conversation at the Bus Station

Conversation at the Bus Station

Conversation at the Bus Station

      When we go somewhere by bus, usually we get in or get out via bus station. Meanwhile sometimes we need to talk to someone there for having communication. For this, in this occasion we want to share about an example of Conversation at the Bus Station. 

Below is the example of Conversation at the Bus Station:

STEVANIE: “Has Bus 47 come yet?”

ROBBY: “No. I think it is late today.”

STEVANIE: “Do you ride this bus every day?”

ROBBY: “Yes, I do. What about you?” (Also read : Conversation at the Bank)

STEVANIE: “Not every day. Only a couple of times a week.”

ROBBY: “Well, I think the bus is late today because of the rain.”

STEVANIE: “Oh. Does the weather make a difference?”

ROBBY: “Yes. The bus is usually several minutes late when it rains.”

STEVANIE: “Is it because of bad traffic?”

ROBBY: “Yes and probably because of car accidents.”

STEVANIE: “That makes sense. I must have picked the wrong day to ride the bus.”

ROBBY: “Actually, I think riding the bus on rainy days is better.” read more

Difference of Between and Among

Difference of Between and Among

Difference of Between and Among

        Talking about Difference of Between and Among, it is a common misconception that between is used with two things and among is used with three or more things. As we know that many people believe between should be used for choices involving two items and among for choices that involve more than two items. That can be right concept, but it’s not as simple as that concept. (also read : Difference Countable and Uncountable Noun)

        In fact, we can use the word between when we are talking about distinct, individual items even if there are more than two of them. For example, we could say, “She chose between Robby, Brown, and Amir” because the colleges are individual things.

Commonly we have got knowledge that:

  • Both “Among” and “between” are prepositions in the English language used to compare or relate 2 or more things.
  • Generally, “between” applies to 2 choices, while “among” is the appropriate term to connect 3 or more choices.

Examples of between: read more

Difference between Hope and Wish

Difference between Hope and Wish

Difference between Hope and Wish

        After discussing about expression of hope or wish and response in the previous post (in Speaking category) in which it discusses almost about the similar about hope and wish. Now it’s the time for us to discuss about the difference between hope and wish.

        Although in the previous post it was mentioned that the function of “hope” and “wish” is used to express about the about expectation that someone want something to happen (see: Expression of Hope or Wish and Its Response), however, actually both them has difference.

So the difference between hope and wish can be discussed as below:


The word “hope” is used to talk about possible situations that we desire in future. The important thing to note is that these situations are POSSIBLE.

For example:

I hope you can come to the party on Saturday. (future possibility)

I hope to get an A on the exam. (it is still possible)

I hope it doesn’t rain tomorrow. (although it might)

He hopes to be elected President. (it’s possible that he will be elected)

I hope you have a great day.

I hope you don’t go to the movie without me. read more

Difference between Cardinal and Ordinal Number

Difference between Cardinal and Ordinal Number

Difference between Cardinal and Ordinal Number

Cardinal Number

        A Cardinal Number is a number that shows (says) quantity or how many of something or someone.


One book (it means there is a book).

Two pens (it means that the quantity of pens is two).

Three boxes of eggs (it means that there are three boxes of eggs).

Four glasses of water (it means that the quantity of water is four glasses)

Five girls (it means that the quantity of girls is five).

Six boys (it means that the quantity of boys is six).

Ordinal Number

        An Ordinal Number is a number that shows (tells) about the position or (order) of something or someone in a list or an order or a distribution.


1st box (it means that the ordering of something in the box is number one).

2nd rank (it means that the rank position of someone or something is number two).

3rd child (it means that the position of the child is number three).

4th birth (it means that the birth of someone or something is number four).

5th card (it means that the distribution of the card is number fife).

Below is the list to show the Difference between Cardinal and Ordinal Number

Cardinal NumberOrdinal Number
1 = One

2 = Two

3 = Three

4 = Four

5 = Five

6 = Six

7 = Seven

8 = Eight

9 = Nine

10 = Ten

11 = Eleven

12 = Twelve

13 =Thirteen

14 = Fourteen

16 = Fifteen

16 = Sixteen

17 = Seventeen

18 = Eighteen

19 = Nineteen

20 = Twenty

21 = Twenty one

22 = twenty two

23 = twenty three

24 = twenty four

. . . = . . . . . .

30 = thirty

31 =  thirty one

32 = Thirty two

. . .  = . . . . . .

40 = forty

41 = forty one

. . . = . . . . . .

50 = fifty

60 = sixty

70 = seventy

80 = eighty

90 = ninety

100 = one hundred

105 = one hundred five

200 = two hundred

268 = two hundred sixty eight

1000 = one thousand

1000000 = one million

1st = first

2nd = second

3rd = third

4th = fourth

5th = fifth

6th = sixth

7th = seventh

8th = eighth

9th = ninth

10th = tenth

11th =eleventh

12th = twelfth

13th = thirteenth

14th = fourteenth

15th = fifteenth

16th = sixteenth

17th = seventeenth

18th = eighteenth

19th = nineteenth

20th = twentieth

21st = twenty first

22nd = twenty second

23rd = twenty third

24th = twenty fourth

. . .  = . . . . . .

30th = thirtieth

31st = thirty first

32nd = thirty second

. . .  = . . . . . .

40th = fortieth

41st = forty first

. . .  = . . . . .

50th = fiftieth

60th = sixtieth

70th = seventieth

80th = eightieth

90th = ninetieth

100th = hundredth

105th = hundred fifth

200th = two hundredth

268th = two hundred sixth eighth

1000th = thousandth

1000000th = millionth

        To make difference between cardinal and ordinal number, we usually construct ordinal number by adding “TH” from in the end of cardinal number, such as: 4 + th = 4th, 7 + th = 7th, 2876 + th = 2876th, etc. (except for number: 1 + st = 1st, 2 + nd = 2nd and 3 + rd = 3rd ) read more

Difference Between Home and House

Home or House

       Difference Between Home and House. When we study about English, we sometimes find a word “home” and “house”, and when we check both of those words in dictionary, we find the same meaning in Indonesian. However, they are actually different. For this occasion, I want to share about the difference about those words

A home is a place where someone lives.

       Normally it is a house but it can be other things too: a narrowboat (a boat on a canal which someone lives in), a caravan (a house which is similar to a van or truck, which can be driven around) or an apartment (a kitchen, living room, dining room and bedroom(s)  in a building that has other apartments in it). Home is often associated with a family and/or the place you feel attached to.


  • Alice wasn’t feeling too well and she wanted to go home…
  • His father has worked away from home for first five years.
  • I am homeless. I have no home to go to.

A house is a building where the majority of people live.

       It normally has bedrooms, a kitchen, a living room, a bathroom and a dining room.


  • She has moved to a smaller house.
  • The Houses of Parliament in London are visited by 50,000 people each year.
  • Do you want to come to my house this afternoon?

       Pay attention that animals have homes but they don’t have houses (apart from dogs – a doghouse is the small wooden house where a dog sleeps outside). read more

Difference Between Many and Much

Difference between Many and Much

       Difference Between Many and Much. Sometimes we feel confused to differ between the word “many” and “much”, so to know the difference these words, in this occasion I want to share about difference between many and much.

       However, before we discuss about the difference between “many” and “much”, let’s we discuss about the similarity both of them.

The similarity between “many” and “much”

  1. “Many” and “much” are both used to indicate a large quantity.


I have much money. (It means that I have a lot of money)

She drinks much water. (It means that she drinks a lot of water)

They buy many books. (It means they buy a lot of books)

You bring many mangoes. (It means that you bring a lot of mangoes)

  1. “Many” and “much” are both used with the question word “how” to ask about quantity.


How many sisters do you have?

How much milk do you take?

  1. Both are use with “of” to indicate a portion of something.


Much of the beverage is fresh.

Many of my friends are teachers.

  1. Both are used with “so” to emphasize quantity.


So much chicken is left over from last night.

So many chips are bad for you.

       After discussing about the similarity between “many” and “much”, now let’s continue discussing about the difference both of them. read more

Difference Countable and Uncountable Noun

Difference of Countable and Uncountable Noun

       Difference of Countable and Uncountable Noun. After sharing about nouns in the preceded post, now I want to share more about a part of noun classifications. They about countable noun and uncountable noun.

      It’s important to distinguish between countable and uncountable nouns in English because their usage is different in regards to both determiners and verbs.

Countable nouns

       Countable nouns are the names of separate items which can be counted. They have a singular and a plural form. The singular form can use the determiner “a” or “an“. And in the plural we can combine with numbers, many, few, some, any, etc.


  • Did you buy a newspaper today? ~ I bought two newspapers, ‘The Jakarta Post’ and ‘The Mirror’.
  • Have we got any oranges in the house? ~ We’ve got some apples but we don’t have any oranges.
  • She has three dogs.
  • I own a house.
  • I would like two books please.
  • How many friends do you have?

Uncountable Nouns

       Uncountable nouns are for the things that we cannot count with numbers. These nouns are the names of things that cannot be counted and have only a singular form. These nouns use singular verbs in a sentence. They do not have plural forms. They generally refer to drinks, liquids, grains, gases, materials, metals etc. The abstract nouns are also uncountable. read more