Difference between Simple Past and Past Continuous Tense

Difference between Simple Past and Past Continuous Tense

Difference between Simple Past and Past Continuous Tense

Difference between Simple Past and Past Continuous Tense

       As we have already studied from the previous post before, both the Simple Past and the Past Continuous Tense refer to completed actions in the past time.  However, both of them actually have some differences. (Also read : Difference Between Simple and Present Continuous Tense)

Below are some differences

A. We use Simple Past Tense to talk about a finished action in the past, often with time expressions like yesterday, last week, a year ago etc. This is by far the most common way of talking about the past.

Examples:

  1. I lived there for 6 years.
  2. I only found out a few moments ago.
  3. I asked her but she didn’t know anything.
  4. The company made 100 people redundant last year.

B. The most common use of the past continuous tense is to talk about something that was happening around a particular time in the past [to emphasize the continuity of the action]. (Also read other article at : Gemuruh Petir Menyertai Hujan)

Examples:

  1. What were you doing at 8 o’clock last night? I was watching television.

(I started watching television before 8 o’clock and I continued watching it after 8 o’clock.)

  1. In 1994 he was working in a small town in Poland.

(he started working in 1994 and he continued working in a small town in Poland after 1994.) read more

Difference Between Simple and Present Continuous Tense

Difference Between Simple and Present Continuous Tense

Difference Between Simple and Present Continuous Tense

Difference Between Simple and Present Continuous Tense

       As we have already studied before, both of Simple Present Tense and Present Continuous Tense are expressing the present activities, it means that the activities happen about the time of speaking. However, both of them have some differences. (Also read : Definition and Examples of Proper Nouns)

The differences can be shown as below:

A.  The Simple Present Tense is used for:

  1. Regular actions or events
  • He plays tennis most weekends.
  • We have fasting a month on Ramadhan.
  • I eat rice three times a day.
  1. Facts
  • The sun rises in the east.
  • The earth is round.
  • Water consists of H2O.
  1. Facts known about the future
  • We leave at 8.30 next Monday.
  • They have meeting at 10.00 tomorrow.
  • Persebaya fights to Arema FC next Wednesday.
  1. Thoughts and feelings about the time of speaking
  • I don’t feel very well.
  • This meatball tastes delicious.

B.  The Present Continuous is used for:

  1. The time of speaking (‘now’)
  • Shh, I’m trying to hear what they are saying .
  • We are using the Internet.
  • (Also read other article at : Jenis Profesi Dalam Bahasa Inggris)
  • He is studying English grammar.
  1. Things which are true at the moment but not always
  • We’re looking for a new flat.
  • I’m looking for a new apartment.
  • He’s thinking about leaving his job.
  • They’re considering making an appeal against the judgment.
  • Are you getting enough sleep?
  1. Present plans for the future
  • We’re having dinner with them next week.
  • We’re going on holiday tomorrow.
  • (Also read other article at : Beautiful Nature of Indonesia)
  • I’m meeting my boyfriend tonight.
  • Are they visiting you next rainy season?

For getting information about the differences of Simple Present Tense and Present Continuous Tense, let’s look at these examples :

  • I don’t usually have cereals for breakfast but I’m having some this morning because there is nothing else.
  • I often cycle to work but I’m taking the car this morning because it’s
  • raining very hard.
  • I’m thinking about having my hair cut short but I don’t think my
  • husband will be very happy about it.
  • My parents live in Washington but I’m just visiting.
  • She usually plays the violin, but he’s playing bass guitar tonight.
  • The weather forecast was good, but it’s raining at the moment.

Note how, in all these examples, we use the present continuous to talk about events which are temporary/limited in time and the present simple to talk about events which are habits/permanent.

       That’s all the material about Difference Between Simple and Present Continuous Tense we can share for this occasion. We hope the post above can increase our understanding about Grammar, especially about the Difference Between Simple and Present Continuous Tense. (Also read other article at : UAS Bahasa Inggris Kelas 11 Semester 2) read more

Future Perfect Continuous Tense

Future Perfect Continuous Tense

Future Perfect Continuous Tense

Future Perfect Continuous Tense

        In this occasion we would like to share grammar session entitled ”Future Perfect Continuous Tense”. There three main parts we want discuss, they are the pattern, the function and the examples of Future Perfect Continuous Tense. (Also read : PATTERN PAST FUTURE TENSE)

Let’s go discussing about Future Perfect Continuous :

The Pattern of Future Perfect Continuous Tense

        Future Perfect Continuous Tense has two different forms: “will have been doing ” and “be going to have been doing.” Unlike Simple Future forms, Future Perfect Continuous forms are usually interchangeable.

Future Perfect Continuous Tense with “Will”

(+) Subject + will + have + been + verb1 + ing + complement

Examples:

  • They will have been watching television.
  • She will have been working in this office.
  • It will have been raining.

(-) Subject + will + not + have + been + verb1 + ing + complement

Examples:

  • They will not have been watching television.
  • She will not have been working in this office.
  • It will not have been raining.

(?) Will + subject + have + been + verb1 + ing + complement + ?

Examples:

  • Will they have been watching television?
  • Will she have been working in this office?
  • Will it have been raining?

Future Perfect Continuous Tense with “Be going to”

(+) Subject + am/is/are + going + to + have + been + verb1 + ing + complement read more

Function of Past Future Continuous Tense

Function of Past Future Continuous Tense

Past Future Continuous Tense

The Function of Past Future Continuous Tense

       For continuing sharing about grammar, in this occasion I want to share about Past Future Continuous Tense. In this case I want to discuss about the function or purpose or usage, the pattern, time signal and the examples of Past Future Continuous Tense. Below is the information. (Also read : Visiting to Nabawi Mosque in Madinah)

The Function of Past Future Continuous Tense

        Past Future Continuous Tense is used to express about the idea’ that in the past action/event was predicted, planned, promised, expected or obliged to be happening (being continued) in a certain period in the past future, or while simultaneously another action/event happened or was also happening (being continued) in the same period in the past future, regardless the fact that idea was not proved to be true.

        We can use Past Future Continuous Tense for the function or purpose of Past-Continuous Tense, Present-Continuous Tense and Future-Continuous Tense. (Also read other article at : Bagian dan Fungsi Organ Mata) read more

Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense

Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense

Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense

Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense

       The function of Past Future Perfect Continuous

      Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense is used to express an action or imaginary situation that would have been happening in the past. The verb of Past Future Perfect Continuous is in progress at a certain point or during certain periods in the past. Past Future Perfect Continuous are suppositions or assumptions, referring to the actors in the sentence just assumed the sentence stated by it. (Also read : Nothing will be Permanent in this World)

       Actually, Past Future Perfect Continuous is rarely being used in daily life, however, there is no mistake if we know it.

Examples:

  • He would have been waiting for me for 3 hours at 10 p.m. yesterday, but he had gone at 9 p.m.
  • She would have been working at that company for 3 years by the end of last year if she didn’t get an accident.

 

The Pattern of Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense

There are two patterns of Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense, they are:

A.   By using Verb

The Pattern:

(+) S + Would/Should + Have + Been + Verb-ing + Complement

  • My boyfriend would have been giving flower at this hour yesterday morning.
  • I would have been driving my car to Los Angles for a day last week.
  • (Also read other article at : Elegi Pribadi yang Rapuh)

(-) S + Would/Should + Not + Have + Been + Verb-ing + Complement

  • My boyfriend would not have been giving flower at this hour yesterday morning.
  • I would not have been driving my car to Los Angles for a day last week.

(?) Would/Should + S + Have + Been + Verb-ing + Complement read more

Function of Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Function of Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Past Perfect Continuous

Function of Past Perfect Continuous Tense

       After sharing about Past Perfect Tense in the previous post, this time I want to continue sharing about kind of Tense. In this case I want to share about Past Perfect Continuous Tense. (Also read : The Pattern of Past Continuous Tense)

        While talking about Past Perfect Continuous Tense, it means that we are talking about an action that started before the past and continued until the past action. And for the complete discussion, let’s go to the following pattern and function of Past perfect continuous Tense.

The Pattern of Past perfect continuous Tense

( + ) Subject + had + been + Ving

                                Randy had been doing his homework.

                                They had been discussing their plan.

( – )  Subject + had + not + been + Ving

                                Randy had not been doing his homework. read more

The Function of Present perfect continuous Tense

The Function of Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Present perfect continuous Tense

The Function of Present perfect continuous Tense

       After sharing about Present Perfect Tense in the previous post, now I want to continue sharing about grammar. In this case I want to share about Present Perfect Continuous Tense. (Also read : Saparan Bekakak Cultural Heritage in Yogyakarta)

       When we are talking about Present Perfect Continuous Tense, it means that we are talking about an action that started in the past and continued until recently or that continue into the future.

       For the complete information, let’s go to the following pattern and function of Present Perfect Continuous Tense.  

Pattern

( + ) Subject + has/have + been + Ving

                                Dandy has been doing his homework.

                                We have been discussing our plan.

( – )  Subject + has/have + not + been + Ving

                                Dandy has not been doing his homework. read more

Pattern of Future Continuous Tense

Pattern of Future Continuous Tense

Future Continuous Tense

Pattern of Future Continuous Tense

       As we know there are many patterns related to the sentence based on its function. In this occasion I will continue sharing about grammar. In this case I will share about Future Continuous Tense, so let’s to the topic. (Also read : Pattern and Function Past perfect Tense)

       Future Continuous actually has two different patterns: they use “will be Verb1-ing ” and “be going to be verb1-ing.” There is no difference between using “will be Verb1-ing ” or “be going to be verb1-ing.”  It means that their patterns are usually interchangeable.

The complete pattern of Future Continuous Tense are

  1. Pattern of Future Continuous Tense using “Will

       (+) S + will + be + Verb1 + ing

Examples:

They will be attending the meeting when it starts tomorrow.

I will be waiting for him when his ship arrives tonight.

        ( – ) S + will + not + be + Verb1 + ing

Examples:

They will not be attending the meeting when it starts tomorrow.

I will not be waiting for him when his ship arrives tonight. read more

The Pattern of Passive and Active Voice

The Pattern of Passive and Active Voice

Active and Passive Voice

The Pattern of Passive and Active Voice

       When we talk about the passive voice, there is no doubt we will also talk about the active voice. So below we will share about active and passive voice. (Also read : Reported or Indirect and Direct Speech)

The use of Active and Passive Voice

We use the active form to say what the subject does. For example:

  • I speak English every day at work.
  • I repaired the flat tire on the car.

 We use the passive form to say what happens to people and things, to say what is done to them. For example:

  • English is spoken here.
  • The car is being repaired.

We use the passive form when we don’t know who did the action. For example:

  • The car was damaged while it was parked on the street.
  • The shirts were made in Turkey.

We use the passive form when what was done is more important than who did it. For example:

  • It was approved by Gerry last week.
  • I was informed by the Human Resources Manager only two days ago. (Also read other article at : Jenis Kata Tanya Bahasa Inggris)

The Form of Active Voice and Passive Voice

  ACTIVE VOICE PASSIVE VOICE
 

1

Simple Present Tense
S + V1 + etc S + is/am/are + V3 + etc
Andrew makes a kite A kite is made by Andrew
 

2

Present Continuous Tense
S + am/is/are + Ving + etc S + is/am/are + being + V3 + etc
Andrew is making a kite A kite is being made by Andrew
 

3

Present Perfect Tense
S + have/has + V3 + etc S + have/has + been + V3 + etc
Andrew has made a kite A kite has been made by Andrew
 

4

Present Perfect Continuous Tense
S + have/has + been + Ving + etc S + have/has + been + being + V3 + etc
Andrew has been making a kite A kite has been being made by Andrew
 

5

Simple Past Tense
S + V2 + etc S + was/were + V3 + etc
Andrew made a kite A kite was made by Andrew
 

6

Past Continuous Tense
S + was/were + Ving + etc S + was/were + being + V3 + etc
Andrew was making a kite A kite was being made by Andrew
 

7

Past Perfect Tense
S + had + V3 + etc S + had + been + V3 + etc
Andrew had made a kite A kite had been made by Andrew
 

8

Past Perfect Continuous Tense
S + Had + been + Ving + etc S + had + been + being + V3 + etc
Andrew had been making a kite. (Also read other article at : Mimpi Indah yang hanya Menyapa) A kite had been being made by Andrew
 

9

Simple Future Tense
S + will + V1 + etc S + will + be + V3 + etc
Andrew will make a kite A kite will be made by Andrew
 

10

Future Continuous Tense
S + will + be + Ving + etc S + will + be + being + V3 + etc
Andrew will be making a kite A kite will be being made by Andrew
 

11

Future Perfect Tense
S + will + have + V3 + etc S + will + have + been + V3 + etc
Andrew will have made a kite A kite will have been made by Andrew
 

12

Future Perfect Continuous Tense
S + will + have + been + Ving + etc S + will + have + been + being + V3 + etc
Andrew will habe been making a kite A kite will have been being made by Andrew
 

13

Simple Past Future Tense
S + would + V1 + etc S + would + be + V3 + etc
Andrew would make a kite A kite would be made by Andrew
 

14

Past Future Continuous Tense
S + would + be + Ving + etc S + would + be + being + V3 + etc
Andrew would be making a kite A kite would be being made by Andrew
 

15

Past Future Perfect Tense
S + would + have + V3 + etc S + would + have + been + V3 + etc
Andrew would have made a kite A kite would have been made by Andrew
 

16

Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense
S + would + have + been + Ving + etc S + would +have + been + being + V3 + etc
Andrew would have been making a kite A kite would have been being made by Andrew

Example

Active Voice              Tono kills a dog.

Passive Voice            A dog is killed by Tono.

Active Voice              My father will repair a car.

Passive Voice            A car will be repaired by my father.

       That’s all the explanation about The Pattern of Passive and Active Voice. We hope the post about The Pattern of Passive and Active Voice above will be useful. (Also read other article at : Soal Pilihan Ganda Materi Genetika) read more

The Pattern of Past Continuous Tense

The Pattern of Past Continuous Tense

Past Continuous Tense

The Pattern of Past Continuous Tense

       When we are talking about Past continuous Tense, it means that we are talking about the activity happens in the past. However it is rather different to Simple Past Tense. The past continuous is formed from the past tense of “be” with the – ing form of the “verb” or it can be formed by constructing as follows, (Also read : Pattern and usage of Simple Past Tense)

Pattern

( + ) Subject + was/were + Ving

          Suzan was washing dishes.

          They were playing kites.

( – )  Subject + was/were + not + Ving

          Suzan was not washing dishes.

          They were not playing kites.

( ? ) Was/Were + Subject + Ving

          Was Suzan washing dishes?

          Were they playing kites?

Note:           “Was” is used for subject He, She, It.

Were” is used for subject I, You, We, They.     

(Also read other article at : Tokoh Pelopor Aliran Seni Rupa)

Usage

  1. We use the simple past tense to talk about actions and states which we see as completed in the past.
  2. We can use it to talk about a specific point in time.
  3. We use the past continuous to talk about past events which went on for a period of time.
  4. We use it when we want to emphasize the continuing process of an activity or the period of that activity. (If we just want to talk about the past event as a simple fact, we use the past simple.)

Examples: read more