Brief History of Philippines

Brief History of Philippines

Brief History of Philippines

Brief History of Philippines

       Philippines is a republic country in Southeast Asia, north of Indonesia and Malaysia. Philippines is an island nation. This country consists of 7,107 islands. Philippines is often considered the only Southeast Asian country where the influence of Western culture is very strong. Do you know why? This is because Philippines has a long history as below.

Early History of the Standing State of Philippines

The written relics of Philippines began around the 8th century based on the findings of copper plates near Manila. From the writing on the plate it is known that Philippines was under the influence of the Srivijaya kingdom. However, this written evidence is so little that historians of Philippines still assume that Philippine history began in the era of colonialism. (Also read : Brief History of Singapore Country)

       The first arrival of Westerners was recorded that the arrival of Ferdinand Magellan on Homonhon Island, southeast of Samar on March 16, 1521. Prior to Magellan’s arrival, there were Negrito tribes exploring the Philippine islands, but they were later replaced by Austronesians. These groups could be classified as hunter and gatherer tribes, knight communities, small plutocracy, and maritime kingdoms, which then grew into kingdoms, confederations and sultanates. read more

Cloud above Majapahit Kingdom

Cloud above Majapahit Kingdom

Cloud above Majapahit Kingdom

Cloud above Majapahit Kingdom

       In the 13th century, Majapahit kingdom was at its peak. This kingdom was ruled by Prabu Hayam Wuruk. He was young, intelligent, and brave. He had a smart prime minister whose name was Gajah Mada. The palace of Majapahit was very big. It was very luxurious. Inside of the palace there was a special building called ‘Gedong Pusaka’. It was a house or more precisely a luxurious warehouse to store all the treasure of the kingdom. There were jewelries, gold crown, earrings, gold coins, gold Kris and many other luxurious things. That’s why the building was heavily guarded. There was a high wall surrounding it. The soldiers were on duty inside and outside the wall for twenty four hours a day. All of them were fully armed. It was almost impossible for anyone at that time to get into the Gedong Pusaka. (Also read : The Legend of Lutung Kasarung)

       One night the situation in the palace was very different. There was a thick, very thick fog surrounding the whole palace, even the capital. The night which usually warm changed to be cool. This situation was very unusual in Majapahit. The people of Majapahit interpreted this strange phenomenon as a signal from god. They were sure that a great event would take place. read more