Penataran Temple in Blitar. Blitar is one of small regency in East Java province. However, this city is noteworthy for all people in Indonesia, moreover for people in the world because this place was being the hometown of Indonesia’s first president, Ir. Soekarno. It’s a rather sleepy place that’s got a tiny business district as well as ancient Hindu temples (called Penataran temple).
Blitar city has principle “Kridho Hangudi Jaya” (it means: work hard to reach the glorious) and its motto “Blitar Kota Patria” (Blitar the defender of the nation that well-regulated, cleanly, beautiful, and safety), also known as heroic city, student city and peaceful city.
Blitar city has try to build its city as ‘Patria’ city which supported by it commerce system. One of Blitar government’s effort is by choosing the tourism sector as the main product to increase its economic region.
There are many tourism objects as the others East Java’s regencies. Some of them are Penataran Temple which is the ancient Hindu temple, Tambakrejo beach with its fantastic waves, Serang beach that it commonly held Larung Sesaji Ceremony, Soekarno Graveyard which is one of Blitar religious tour, traditionally event in Blitar such as Grebeg Pancasila, etc.
In this occasion it will be share about Penataran Temple. Penataran temple is the largest Hindu temple complex in East Java. It is located in the penataran village, Nglegok district, Blitar regency, East Java, Indonesia. It is about 10 kilometres to the north of Blitar town or city. Its location is at the foot of Kelud Mount, making the Penataran temple air area is cool. It had said that this temple was dedicated to the Siva and use for at least three hundred years, from the 12th to 15th centuries. Most of the buildings, which can be seen today, however, were constructed during Majapahit’s golden century.
Penataran temple is a rich temple with its various shades of reliefs, statues, and a Hindu-style structures. The existence of Kala sculpture (a giant grin), Ganesya statues (god of science in Hindu mythology), statues Dwarapala (giant statue guards the gates), and also relief Ramayana is indisputable evidence that the temple is a Hindu Penataran temple.
The layout of the temple is similar to that found in the Balinese Pura today. A number of small buildings are scattered within a sacred, walled enclosure, with the largest and most important temple at the rear of the complex, Hindu legends, among them the Ramayana epic, are carved in relief on the temple walls and terrace foundations.
There are three courtyards in the complex of the temple and in many ways strongly recalls a modern day Balinese temple. Entering the temple area, in the main gate, visitors are greeted two statues, they are called Dwaraphala or Mbah Bodo by local people.
In the second yard there are several buildings, including Bale Agung, Candi Angka Tahun or numbered temple (because it has several number related to its history) and Candi Naga, decorated with a dragon wrapped around temple.
Main temple, Penataran temple, is the biggest temple in the complex, located in the third yards. Its 7,10 meters high equipped with beautiful reliefs and animal tales such Ramayana, deceived hunter, and the arrogant turtle.
Around the area of Penataran temple is supported by other tourism area near of the Penataran Temple. In this area, we can find swimming pools for adult and children, also water bike pool, artificial lake and children playground. Here, the visitors can be relax.
Nowdays, Penataran temple is one of the famous landmark for Blitar, beside Bung Karno grave (Indonesia founding fathers and the first president), Mount Kelud and Tambakreja beach. The site was added to the UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List on October 19, 1995 in the Cultural category.