Recreation to Selorejo Dam

Recreation to Selorejo Dam

      Recreation to Selorejo Dam. There are many recreation places can be used as alternative of destination for refreshing. They can be natural places or innovation places. Sendang Biru beach and Coban Rondo Waterfall are the examples of natural place for destination. While BNS and WBL are about innovation recreation places. Here I want to share another place for recreation destination. It is Selorejo Dam.

       Selorejo Dam is located in Selorejo Village, Ngantang Sub-District, Malang Regency. It is damming of Konto River, one of Brantas’s branch river. This dam is about 50 km to the west from Malang. On the upper part of the Selorejo Dam there is a smaller Dam, named Tokol Dam. This small dam is built to intercept and retain the sediment. While on the lower part there is Mendalan or Sekuli pool. This pool is also functioning as a Water Electricity Generator (23 mW).

       There are some data can be got from Selorejo Dam. The maximum capacity of the dam is about 62.300.000 m³ (in 1970) and 44.019.00 m³ (in 2003). Whereas the effective capacity is about 54.600.000 m³ (in 1970) and 41.510.000 m³ (in 2003). The area of Selorejo Dam covered by water is 4,00 km². The cool of temperature is about 22 º Celsius makes people feel fresh around this dam. read more

Difference Countable and Uncountable Noun

Difference of Countable and Uncountable Noun

       Difference of Countable and Uncountable Noun. After sharing about nouns in the preceded post, now I want to share more about a part of noun classifications. They about countable noun and uncountable noun.

      It’s important to distinguish between countable and uncountable nouns in English because their usage is different in regards to both determiners and verbs.

Countable nouns

       Countable nouns are the names of separate items which can be counted. They have a singular and a plural form. The singular form can use the determiner “a” or “an“. And in the plural we can combine with numbers, many, few, some, any, etc.


  • Did you buy a newspaper today? ~ I bought two newspapers, ‘The Jakarta Post’ and ‘The Mirror’.
  • Have we got any oranges in the house? ~ We’ve got some apples but we don’t have any oranges.
  • She has three dogs.
  • I own a house.
  • I would like two books please.
  • How many friends do you have?

Uncountable Nouns

       Uncountable nouns are for the things that we cannot count with numbers. These nouns are the names of things that cannot be counted and have only a singular form. These nouns use singular verbs in a sentence. They do not have plural forms. They generally refer to drinks, liquids, grains, gases, materials, metals etc. The abstract nouns are also uncountable. read more

Generic Structure of Spoof Text

Spoof Text

       Generic Structure of Spoof Text. Hi my beloved visitor! Have you ever seen one comedy program on TV, Laugh Sketch (in Trans TV) or laughter (in Global TV)? Surely you are familiar with the program. The story-line in the sketch is called Spoof Text. Beginning of the story starts with a scene or a regular occurrence, then towards the end there is a scene or event that is not thought or unpredictable that makes the story funny.

       In order to be clear about Spoof Text, in the following explanation I will try to share about the definition, the function, generic structure, language feature and the example of Spoof Text


       Spoof Text is a text which tells about factual story, happened in the past time with unpredictable and funny ending. Spoof text is very similar to recount text. Both spoof text and recount text tell about the past event with chronological order. However, the purpose of Spoof Text is to amuse reader with funny story. The story mostly is ended with an unpredictable event. The other different is Spoof Text has “twist” in the end of the story. read more

The Legend of Mount Kelud

       The Legend of Mount Kelud       The Legend of Mount Kelud. Jenggala Manik was the king of Kediri Kingdom. He had a daughter, her name was Dewi Kilisuci. She was very beautiful. Many young men fell in love with her. However, she always refused their marriage proposals. King Jenggala Manik was sad. He really wanted to see his daughter to get married.

      “I hope you have to get married soon, my daughter,” said King Jenggala Manik. He continued, “I’m getting older, I know you are looking for a great husband. I have an idea, I’m going to hold a competition. If a man can stretch Kyai Garudayaksa’s bow and lift Kyai Sekardelima’s gong, he will be your husband.”

      Princess Dewi Kilisuci was speechless. She knew her father really wanted her to get married. She just hoped that she would marry a great man. She knew the bow and the gong had supernatural power. So the winner must had supernatural power too.

       The time of competition hold. One by one men tried to stretch the bow and lifted the gong but no one succeeded. They were injured, their hands and backs were broken. King Jenggala Manik planned to stop the competition. He thought no one could win the competition. read more

Kind of Nouns based on the Classification

Kind of Nouns

       Kind of Nouns based on the Classification. Nouns are simply the names we give to everything around us, whether it is a person, an event, a place or an object, etc. Every particular name used to define something is a noun. E.g. : Amsterdam, Anita, Blackberry, Honesty, Waiter, etc.

    Based on the classification, Nouns are classified into; Common Noun, Proper Noun, Collective Noun, Abstract Noun, Countable Noun and Uncountable Noun.


       These are the nouns that are used to denote a general category of people, places or things. They are capitalized only when they are at the beginning of a sentence. Common Nouns don’t refer to something specific rather they are a general term used for every noun of a particular kind or type.

e.g. Girl, cricket, town, bat, dog, cock, coffee, etc.


     These nouns are the names of specific people and places. These nouns also refer to the names of the days of weeks and months, and also the various names for religions, organizations, institutions, etc. Proper nouns basically refer to the names that are specific to that particular noun.  These nouns are always capitalized as they need to be distinct from other nouns. read more

Asking and Giving Permission

Asking and Giving Permission

       Asking and Giving Permission. It is wise for us to ask permission when we want to start to use something that belongs to someone else or we want to do something, for example if we want to leave the classroom while the studying happens, we need to ask the teacher’s permission.

    Don’t forget to use the word “Please” in asking permission to do something to make it is more polite. The word “please” can be put in different places in the sentence, it can be at the start, at the end or before the verb.


Please, can I use your computer?

Could we please go on trip this weekend?

May I borrow your phone, please?

       Below are the expression of asking permission, giving permission and refusing permission.

Asking for Permission:

May I . . . .?

Do you mind if I . . . .?

Would you mind if I . . . .?

Would it be alright if I . . . .?

Would it be okay if I . . . .?

Is it okay if I . . . .?

Can I . . . .?


May I go to the office, please?

Do you mind if I go to the bath room, please? read more

Recreation to Suramadu Bridge

Recreation to Suramadu Beach

      Recreation to Suramadu Bridge. Suramadu (the abbreviation of Surabaya – Madura) is a bridge across the Madura Strait connecting Java and Madura Island. This bridge can be an alternative as recreation destination for tourists. With its total length reaching 5,438 meters, Suramadu Bridge becomes the pride of transportation infrastructure in Indonesia as it is the first and longest bridge to connect two islands and definitely is the next modern landmark of Indonesia after Monas in Jakarta.

       The construction was done separately at three different sides. In both Bangkalan (exactly in Kamal) and Surabaya (exactly in Kenjeran) the causeways were built to connect the local road to the bridge, while in the middle the main bridge and the approach bridge were also built.

     This two ways bridge contains two lanes, one emergency lane, and one motorcycle lane for each direction.

        The bridge was built by a consortium of Indonesian companies PT Adhi Karya and PT Waskita Karya working with China Road and Bridge Corp. and China Harbor Engineering Co. Ltd. The total cost of the project, including connecting roads, has been estimated at 4.5 trillion rupiah (US$445 million).[4] read more

Giving and Responding Prohibition

Giving Prohibition

     Giving and Responding Prohibition. Do you still remember my previous article entitled “Giving Instruction and Its Response”? If you so, now let’s expanse our speaking skill by understanding another article entitled “Giving and Responding Prohibition”. Actually this article is just another way of expressing Instruction in negative form. However, it will discuss about some ways of expressing negative instruction or commonly called Prohibition.

       Giving prohibition is the way of giving instruction to someone not to do something. Prohibition function is to forbid or prevent someone from doing something. There are some ways to make prohibition expressions

  1. By using the pattern    Don’t + Verb 1


Don’t disturb!

Don’t open the door!

Don’t leave me alone!


  1. By using the pattern    Don’t be + Adjective


Don’t be noisy!

Don’t be late!

Don’t be shy!


  1. By using the pattern    Don’t be + Adverb


Don’t be here!

Don’t be there!

Don’t be on Monday!


  1. By using the pattern    No + Verb-ing


No smoking.

No parking.

No swimming.


And to respond those prohibition can be as follow

All right

I won’t

Okay read more

The Pattern of Past Continuous Tense

Past Continuous Tense

The Pattern of Past Continuous Tense. When we are talking about Past continuous Tense, it means that we are talking about the activity happens in the past. However it is rather different to Simple Past Tense. The past continuous is formed from the past tense of “be” with the – ing form of the “verb” or it can be formed by constructing as follows,


( + ) Subject + was/were + Ving

          Suzan was washing dishes.

          They were playing kites.

( – )  Subject + was/were + not + Ving

          Suzan was not washing dishes.

          They were not playing kites.

( ? ) Was/Were + Subject + Ving

          Was Suzan washing dishes?

          Were they playing kites?

Note:           “Was” is used for subject He, She, It.

Were” is used for subject I, You, We, They.     


  1. We use the simple past tense to talk about actions and states which we see as completed in the past.
  2. We can use it to talk about a specific point in time.
  3. We use the past continuous to talk about past events which went on for a period of time.
  4. We use it when we want to emphasize the continuing process of an activity or the period of that activity. (If we just want to talk about the past event as a simple fact, we use the past simple.)


  • While I was driving home, Sely was trying desperately to contact me.
  • Were you expecting any visitors?
  • Sorry, were you sleeping?
  • I was just making some coffee.
  • I was thinking about him last night.
  • In the 1990s few people were using mobile phones.
  • read more

    Asking and Giving Suggestion or Advice

    Asking and Giving Suggestion

          Asking and Giving Suggestion or Advice. In daily communication, we often suggest or advice someone for doing something. Suggestion is also called advice. Suggestion or advice Expression is the statement for giving suggest or advice to make someone better next time. For example, parents suggest or advice to their child, a friend advises to other friend or to us. It happens while someone has got bad condition or certain occasion.

           We should know what expressions are usually used for asking and giving advice or suggestion. Here are some ways to ask and give advice or suggestion someone for doing something and also the ways to accept or reject suggestion.

    Asking and giving suggestion

    Asking Suggestion or Advice

    Giving Suggestion or Advice

    Do you have any suggestion for me?

    Will you give me some suggestion, please?

    Shall I come back later?

    Any idea?

    Where do you think I can get something nice?

    Can you tell me what happened?

    Please tell me what should I do?
    What would you advise us to do?
    Do you have any suggestions?
    What do you think I should do?
    What do you suggest?
    Would you like to…..?
    Shall we go….   ?

    You’d better….

    You could (might)….

    I suggest that you….

    I recommend that you

    You really should….

    I strongly advise you to….

    I think you should….
    Maybe you should …
    Why do not you …

    I’d like to suggest that …….
    I advise ……….
    You should……..
    It’s better for you …………..
    You must ………
    Perhaps you should lie down
    It’s best to ….
    You need/ought to
    Make sure you ….

    Accepting and rejecting suggestion

    Accepting Suggestion or Advice

    Rejecting Suggestion or Advice

    That’s a good/nice/wonderful idea.

    Yeah, sure.

    Thank you. I’ll try that.

    Why didn’t I think of that?

    I think you’re right.

    That’s sounds good.

    Sure. I’ll do that.


    I don’t think so.

    I tried that, but it didn’t work.

    Thanks, but that won’t help because….

    I don’t want to do that because….

    That’s a good idea, but….

    I’m afraid I can’t do that.

    I think it can’t solve my problem.

    Example in dialogue

    Dialogue 1

    Ramlan : Hi Renny , would you like to do something with me this weekend ?
    Renny : Sure . What shall we do ?
    Ramlan : I do not know . Do you have any ideas?
    Renny: Why do not we see a movie?
    Ramlan : That’s sounds good to me . Which movie shall we see?
    Renny: Let’s see “Iron Man 4”.
    Ramlan: I’d rather not. I do not like violent films. How about going to “Mad Doctor Brown“? I hear it’s quite a funny movie.
    Renny: OK. Let’s go see that. When is it on?
    Ramlan : It’s on at 8 o’clock at the Rex . Shall we have a bite to eat before the movie?
    Renny: Sure, that sounds great. What about going to that new Italian restaurant “Wong Jowo” ?
    Ramlan: Great idea ! Let ‘s meet there at six .
    Renny: OK . I’ll see you at “Wong Jowo” at six . Bye .
    Ramlan : Bye . read more