Kind of Nouns based on the Classification. Nouns are simply the names we give to everything around us, whether it is a person, an event, a place or an object, etc. Every particular name used to define something is a noun. E.g. : Amsterdam, Anita, Blackberry, Honesty, Waiter, etc.
Based on the classification, Nouns are classified into; Common Noun, Proper Noun, Collective Noun, Abstract Noun, Countable Noun and Uncountable Noun.
- COMMON NOUNS
These are the nouns that are used to denote a general category of people, places or things. They are capitalized only when they are at the beginning of a sentence. Common Nouns don’t refer to something specific rather they are a general term used for every noun of a particular kind or type.
e.g. Girl, cricket, town, bat, dog, cock, coffee, etc.
- PROPER NOUNS
These nouns are the names of specific people and places. These nouns also refer to the names of the days of weeks and months, and also the various names for religions, organizations, institutions, etc. Proper nouns basically refer to the names that are specific to that particular noun. These nouns are always capitalized as they need to be distinct from other nouns.
e.g. Peter, London, England, Timor, Jupiter, Sarah, Microsoft, etc.
- COLLECTIVE NOUNS:
A Collective noun is the name that refers to a group of persons or collection of things taken as a whole.
e.g. people, crowd, group, flock, fleet, furniture, bunch, gang, team.
a band of robbers, a gang of workers, a bevy of birds, a bunch of grapes, a team of players, a school of dolphins, a pack of hounds, a mob of students, etc.
When a collective noun is used in the singular, the verb can be either Singular or Plural.
The company has decided to open ten new outlets.
The company have decided to open ten new outlets.
NB The police are here. (‘Police’ has no singular form)
If a singular verb is used then the noun is seen as a single entity. If a plural verb is used, then the noun is seen as consisting of a group of individuals.
- ABSTRACT NOUNS
These nouns are the names of things that we cannot perceive through our five senses of touching, smelling, seeing, hearing and tasting. These nouns can also refer to medical conditions related to the mind and are also used to express thoughts.
e.g. liberty, delight, sorrow, independent, advice, knowledge, grammar, etc.
- COUNTABLE NOUNS
The nouns that fall under this category are the ones that have both singular and plural forms. They can be counted either relatively or completely, and form plurals to associate with plural verbs in a sentence. They can also be expressed in numerical terms
a box four boxes
a pencil two pencils
a mango five mangoes
a man ten men
an egg two eggs
- UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS
These nouns are the exact opposite of Countable Nouns. These nouns are the names of things that cannot be counted and have only a singular form. These nouns use singular verbs in a sentence. They do not have plural forms. They generally refer to drinks, liquids, grains, gases, materials, metals etc. The abstract nouns are also uncountable.
tea, coffee, wine, wheat
oxygen, ink, gold
brandy, milk, rice
air, glass, copper
sympathy, truth, knowledge
I hope this article can be useful for our English skill.