History of Pontianak City

History of Pontianak City

History of Pontianak City

History of Pontianak City

       Pontianak City is a city in Indonesia which is located just below the equator. The city which is the capital of West Kalimantan province is also passed by the Kapuas River, the longest river in Indonesia. But did you know about the history of this city? The following article will give its history, as reported by various sources. (Also read : History Of Malang City)

       Taken from its history, Pontianak city was once a wilderness right at the intersection of three rivers, namely the Landak river, the Kapuas river, and the Kapuas Kecil river. The wilderness was then cleared and opened by a group of residents from the Malay Kingdom. The resident, led by Syarif Abdurrahman Alkadrie. They felled trees in the forest and established a village since October 23, 1771.

       Syarif Abdurrahman Alkadrie himself was the son of a religious judge from the Kingdom of Matan who later became the King of Pontianak. He also later built the Kadriah Palace, the first building to mark the establishment of Pontianak City.

       During the process of clearing the forest, the residents continued to be disturbed by spirits in the form of kuntilanak. Especially at night, when the residents were resting, the horrifying voices of women laughing from the middle of the forest were always haunting. Not infrequently even the astral figure revealed its form across the river. (Also read other article at : Rain Opens Old Wound)

       Syarif Abdurrahman Alkadrie who became the leader of the group considered that the disturbance from the figure of kuntilanak had hampered their work. The group was afraid and some wanted to stop continuing their work to go home.

       He then intended to bring a large cannon into the middle of the forest. The cannon that was brought in would then always be turned on to the sound source of kuntilanak so that kuntilanak was shocked. Even this tactic finally succeeded. Gradually, the disturbance from kuntilanak disappeared. The workers were calm and the forest was cleared completely.

        Syarif Abdurrahman Alkadrie who later was appointed sultan of the new kingdom in the middle of the forest then gave the name Pontianak to his territory to capture the disturbance of the kuntilanak figure (“kuntilanak” was called “pontianak” for local residents) that occurred during the forest clearing process.

       In line with the times, the city of Pontianak also changed very rapidly. Wilderness in the river delta is now growing into a developed city. Various buildings are built and the economic wheels that continue to spin rapidly in the city make many people come and settle there. (Also read other article at : Rumus Menghitung Volume Kubus)

       In general, based on the ethnicity of the people, Pontianak is now inhabited by several ethnic groups, such as Chinese (31.2%), Malay race (26.1%), Bugis (13.1%), Javanese (11.7%) , Madurese (6.4%), and of course Dayaks.

       If you are visiting Pontianak, you can see this story when you visit Kadriah Palace, located in the middle of the city. Not only the story, but also historical photos of the city and palace can be found here.

       Cannons are also one of the characteristics of this city. It’s called a carbide cannon. Made from gunpowder and water which is then triggered by sparks. The Karbit Cannon Festival is usually held to enliven the Eid al-Fitr night. The sound of the cannon is believed to frighten the kuntilanak so they do not dare to approach.


       That’s all the post about the History of Pontianak City we can share for this occasion. We hope the post about the History of Pontianak City above can add our knowledge about Pontianak City. (Also read other article at : Soal PTS Penjaskes Kelas 9 Semester 1)

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *