History of Madiun Regency
History of Madiun Regency
Madiun Regency, based on a legitimate government, was established on the first half of the month, in Muharam, in 1568 precisely on Thursday, 18 July 1568. It began during the Demak Sultanate, which was marked by the marriage of Prince Pangeran Surya Patiunus from Demak to Raden Ayu Retno Lembah daughter of the Duke Adipati Gugur from Ngurawan, Dolopo. (Also read : Legend of Bojonegoro Regency)
The government center was moved from Ngurawan to Sogaten village with a new name “Purabaya” (known as Madiun now). Pangeran Surya Patiunus occupied the sultanate until 1521 and was continued by Kyai Rekso Gati. (Sogaten = place of Rekso Gati).
Pangeran Timur was appointed as the Regent of Purabaya on July 18, 1568 with a government center in the village of Sogaten. Since then the formal juridical Purabaya Regency had become a government area under a regent and ended the oversight government in Purabaya held by Kyai Rekso Gati in the name of Demak from 1518 – 1568.
In 1575 the government center was moved from the village of Sogaten to Wonorejo Village or Kuncen, City of Madiun until 1590. In 1686, the governmental authority of Purabaya Regency was handed over by the Regent of Pangeran Timur (Panembahan Rangga Jumena) to his daughter Raden Ayu Retno Dumilah. This regent as senopati wages war by leading East Foreign soldiers. In 1586 and 1587 Mataram attacked Purbaya but Mataram suffered a heavy defeat. (Also read other article at : Ibu Pertiwi Sedih atas Perubahan Alam)
In 1590, pretending to be subdued, Mataram attacked the palace center of Purbaya Regency which was only maintained by Raden Ayu Retno Djumilah with a small number of soldiers. The fight occurred between Sutawidjaja and Raden Ayu Retno Djumilah, which was held around the lake near the palace in Wonorejo Regency.
Tundung Madiun heirloom was captured by Sutawidjaja and through his persuasion, Raden Ayu Retno Djumilah was married by Sutawidjaja and brought to the Mataram palace in Plered (Jogjakarta). As a memorial to the mastery of Mataram over Purbaya then on Friday Legi on November 16, 1590, the name of “Purbaya” changed to “Madiun”.
Before the Diponegoro war broke out, Madiun had never been touched by Dutch or other European people. With the end of the Diponegoro war, the Dutch became aware of the potential of the Madiun region and starting January 1, 1832 Madiun was officially controlled by the Dutch East Indies Government and a Governmental Order was established with the capital in Kartoharjo Village (the place of Patih Kartoharjo palace) adjacent to the Regency palace of Madiun in Pangongangan Village. (Also read other article at : Jenis Aliran Musik)
From that time onwards began to arrive the Dutch and other European nations who worked in the fields of plantation and industry which eventually emerged various tea plantations in Jamus and Dungus, coffee in Kandangan and tobacco in Pilangkenceng and others and they settled in the city around the Madiun Resident Palace.
All Dutch and European citizens who lived in the city of Madiun, because of their superior status, tried to carry out social segregation.
Based on the legislation of Inland-sche Gementee Ordantie, by the Binnen-landsch department, formed Staads Gementee Madiun or Madiun Township based on regulations of the Dutch East Indies Government on June 20, 1918 based on the 1918 Staatsblaad number 326.
That’s all the post about the History of Madiun Regency we can share for this occasion. We hope the post about the History of Madiun regency above can add our knowledge about the History of Madiun Regency. (Also read other article at : Soal PTS Matematika Kelas 7 Semester 1)