History of Bogor City
History of Bogor City
Talking about the city of Bogor with a variety of tourist destinations is certainly not a boring thing, because Bogor City is famous not only for its tourist charms, but also for culinary, cultural and historical reasons. (Also read : History of Mojokerto City)
As a city incorporated in West Java Province, Bogor City has an area of 118.50 km² (formerly 21.56 km²). The anniversary of Bogor City is the same as Bogor Regency, which is on June 3. The date was chosen according to the coronation day of Prabu Siliwangi as the king of Pajajaran Kingdom, to be exact on June 3, 1482.
In addition to its uniqueness as a city that often rains, the city of Bogor also has a lot of history, including the origin of the formation of the city of Bogor.
According to historians, it is said that Bogor in ancient times was the place where the Tarumanegara Hindu Kingdom was founded, exactly in the 5th century. In addition, other kingdoms had also begun to be built in this area because once the city of Bogor was a very calm city and was also shaded by the many hills and mountains that were believed to be safe from enemy attacks.
One of the other kingdoms that participated in the Bogor region was the Sunda Kingdom with the capital city of Pakuan or Padjajaran. At that time the Sunda kingdom was led by Prabu Siliwangi or what was also called Sri Baduga Maharaja was officially inaugurated on June 3. (Also read other article at : Berjuta Kasih Sayang Ayah)
Then history continued into the Dutch colonial era. After fighting with the Kingdom of Banten, record of the City of Pakuan disappeared and it was rediscovered by a Dutch expedition in 1687. They conducted research on the Batutulis Inscription and several other sites, and concluded that the central government of the Kingdom of Pajajaran was located in Bogor City.
In 1745, the Bogor Palace was built along with the construction of the Daendels Highway which connected Bogor with Batavia (Jakarta). Bogor was planned as an agricultural area, as well as a resting place for the Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies.
A year later, the Dutch East Indies government combined nine districts (Cisarua, Pondok Gede, Ciawi, Ciomas, Cijeruk, Sindang Barang, Balubur, Dramaga, and Kampung Baru) into a government called Regentschap Kampung Baru Buitenzorg (Buitenzorg means “without anxiety” or “safe security”). In this area, a Governor-General Palace was built, and in its development the name Buitenzorg was used to designate the areas of Puncak, Telaga Warna, Megamendung, Ciliwung, Muara Cihideung, up to the peak of Mount Salak, and the peak of Mount Gede. (Also read other article at : Pengertian dan Proses Terjadinya Pelangi)
When the Dutch East Indies went bankrupt, in the 19th century. The archipelago, including Bogor, was controlled by the British, who later renovated the Bogor Palace, and built the surrounding land into a Botanical Garden. Under British command, Bogor was organized into a resting place known as Buitenzorg which is named after one of the palm species. But after the Dutch government returned in 1903, a Decentralization Act was issued which replaced the traditional government system with a modern government administration system, which produced Gemeente Buitenzorg. In 1925 the province of West Java was formed (provincie West Java) which consisted of 5 residencies, 18 regencies, and municipalities (stadsgemeente). Buitenzorg became one of the stadsgemeente.
In the end entered the era of independence of the Republic of Indonesia, in 1950 Buitenzorg became a Big City of Bogor which was formed based on the Law of the Republic of Indonesia number 16 of 1950. But the name of the government changed again to Bogor City, according to Act number 1 of 1957. Continued on in 1965, the Bogor City turned into the Bogor Municipality of the Second Level Region in accordance with Law number 18 of 1965 and Law number 5 of 1974. Until finally it was established until now as the City of Bogor in accordance with Law number 22 of 1999.
That’s all the post about the History of Bogor City we can share for this occasion. We hope the post about the History of Bogor City above can add our knowledge about Bogor City. (Also read other article at : Soal PTS IPS Kelas 8 Semester 1)