Generic Structure of Recount Text

Generic Structure of Recount Text

Generic Structure of Recount Text

Generic Structure of Recount Text

 One more material of studying kind of texts we will discuss, it is about the Generic Structure of Recount Text. However, in this material, we will also discuss the definition, the purpose, the language features, and the example of Recount Text. (Also read another article at : Generic Structure of Discussion Text)

Definition of Recount Text

A Recount text is a kind of text which retells events or experiences that happened in the past. The details in a recount can include what happened, who was involved, where it took place when it happened, and why it occurred. Its purpose or goal is to entertain or inform about the past activity of the reader or listener.

The purpose or Social Function of Recount Text

The social function or the purpose of recount text is to entertain (to amuse) or to inform the reader or the listener about the experience, story, action, or activity that happen in the past.

Generic Structure of Recount Text


It is about introducing the participants, place, and time. It tells who was involved, what happened, where the events took place, and when it happened.


Describing a series of events that happened in the past. Telling what happened and in what sequence. (Also read another article at : Pengertian Unsur Kebahasaan dan Contoh Descriptive Text)

Reorientation (It is optional)

It consists of the closure of events/ending. It is stating personal comment of the writer to the story

Language Features of Recount Text

The Characteristics / Language Feature of Recount Text:

  1. Using the simple past tense, past continuous tense, past perfect tense, and past perfect continuous tense.
  2. Frequent use is made of words which link events in time, such as next, later, when, then, after, before, first, at the same time, as soon as she left, late on Friday, On Saturday. On Monday, On Sunday).
  3. Focus on a specific participant, e.g. I (the writer).
  4. Using the conjunctions, such as: then, before, after, etc.
  5. Using an action verb, e.g. went, stayed.
  6. The passive voice may be used, e.g. the bottle was filled with ink (Factual Recount).

Example of Recount Text

Example 1

A Beautiful Day in Jogja

Last week, my friends and I went to Jogja. We visited many places.

First, we visited Parangtritis beach. The sun shone brightly and the scenery was very beautiful there. We felt the wind blew across to us. We also saw a lot of people on that beach. There were many birds flew in the sky. Also, there were many sellers who sold many kinds of souvenirs.

Second, we visited Gembira Loka Zoo. We saw many kinds of animals there such as monkeys, tigers, crocodiles, snakes, etc. We looked around in that Zoo, and also took pictures of those animals. Then, we felt hungry, so we went to a restaurant. As soon as we finished our lunch, we decided to go home.

For me, that was a beautiful day though I could not visit Malioboro. We really enjoyed it, and I hope I could visit Jogja again. (Also read another article at : Experience of Boy Scouts on Campground)

Example 2

Expired Free Ticket

Last week I went to the theater. It was the only theater in my town. I had one free ticket to watch a movie. I had no idea about the movie I would like to watch and I did not know the schedule of that theater. So, I just wanted to come and see if there was any good movie.

          I parked my motorcycle in the parking area and I walked slowly at the hall of the theater. I took my ticket on my wallet and go to the information section to ask about how to use the ticket that day. Unfortunately, I missed it. The ticket was already expired 2 days before.

          I went home and I was very disappointed with that.

       That’s all the material of reading text about The Generic Structure of Recount Text we can share. Hopefully, the material of The Generic Structure of Recount Text above will be useful for understanding our English, especially reading text. (Also read another article at : Soal PTS Sejarah Kelas 11 Semester 1)

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