Generic Structure of Explanation Text

Explanation Text

       Generic Structure of Explanation Text. As we know there are many kinds of text in English, and I have share some of them. For this occasion, I want to share again about kinds of text and in this case I want to share about explanation text. In this post I will share about the definition, generic structure, language feature, and example of explanation text.  Let’s go to the topic.

  1. Definition and purpose of Explanation

       Explanation is a text which tells processes relating to forming of natural, social, scientific and cultural phenomena. Explanation text is to say ‘why’ and ‘how’ of the forming of the phenomena. It is often found in science, geography and history text books.

  1. Generic structure of Explanation
  • General statement; stating the phenomenon issues which are to be explained.
  • Sequenced explanation; stating a series of steps which explain the phenomena.
  • (Closing); atually this is not mentioned in explanation text, however, many people think that the last of paragraph is clossing, in which it is actually  part of sequenced explanation

  1. Language Feature
  • Featuring generic participant; sun, rain, etc.
  • Using chronological connection; to begin with, next, etc.
  • Using passive voice pattern
  • Using simple present tense

  1. Example and structure of the text

Making Paper from Woodchips

A general statementWood-chipping is a process used to obtain pulp and paper products from forest trees.
A sequencedThe wood-chipping process begins when the trees are cut down in a selected area of the forest called a coupe.
explanation ofNext the tops and branches of the trees are cut out and then the logs are taken to the mill.
why or how something occursAt the mill the bark of the logs is removed and the logs are taken to a chipper which cuts them into small pieces called woodchips.
The woodchips are then screened to remove dirt and other impurities. At this stage they are either exported in this form or changed into pulp by chemicals and heat.
 The pulp is then bleached and the water content is removed.
ClosingFinally the pulp is rolled out to make paper.

Other Examples of Explanation Text


     What is photosynthesis? Photosynthesis is a food-making process that occurs in green plants. It is the chief function of leaves. The word photosynthesis means putting together with light. Green plants use energy from light to combine carbon dioxide and water to make sugar and other chemical compounds.

       How is the light used in photosynthesis?

       The light used in photosynthesis is absorbed by a green pigment called chlorophyll. Each food-making cell in a plant leaf contains chlorophyll in small bodies called chloroplasts. In chloroplast, light energy causes water drawn from the soil to split into hydrogen and oxygen.

       What are the steps of photosynthesis process? Let me tell you the process of photosynthesis, in a series of complicated steps, the hydrogen combines with carbon dioxide from the air, forming a simple sugar. Oxygen from the water molecules is given off in the process. From sugar together with nitrogen, Sulphur, and phosphorus from the soil-green plants can make starch, fat, protein, vitamins, and other complex compounds essential for life. Photosynthesis provides the chemical energy that is needed to produce these compounds.

How is a Kite Flying?

       A kite is an object which is made from a light material stretched over a frame. Due to its light material a kite will lift off the ground and fly when it is tilted into the wind.

      A kite is uses wind to make it fly because it is heavier than air. When wind travels over the surface of the kite, it is split into two streams of air. One stream of the air goes over the kite while the second stream goes under the kite.

      The upper stream creates an area of low pressure above the kite. The lower stream hits the kite at a shallow angle and creates an area of high pressure.

     The high pressure area has a pushing effect while the low pressure area has a pulling effect. The combination of push and pull can creates enough force to lift the kite into the air.

       Kites have been known for thousands of years. They are used for military or scientific purposes. Today’s kites are much used for leisure and competition.


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