Generic Structure of Discussion Text

Generic Structure of Discussion Text

Generic Structure of Discussion Text

Generic Structure of Discussion Text

 One more material of studying kind of texts we will discuss, it is about the Generic Structure of Discussion Text. However, in this material, we will also discuss the definition, the purpose, the language features, and the example of discussion text. (Also read another article at : Definition and Purpose of Review Text)

Definition of Discussion Text

A discussion text is a text which presents a problematic discourse. This problem will be discussed from different viewpoints. Discussion is commonly found in philosophical, historic, and social text. In other words, Discussion is a kind of genre used to present (at least) two points of view about an issue.

The purpose or Social Function of Discussion Text

Purpose A discussion is used to present different opinions on a particular issue or topic ie arguments for and against/positive and negative/good and bad.

The point is a balanced style of writing. The writer does not force his own opinion about the problematic issue. He gives a balanced point of view so the writer and readers eventually have clear steps tones and make the best decision.

Generic Structure of Discussion Text

According to Warner, the discussion text has three main parts, they are:

1. Statement:

in this part, outlining the subject should be done by the writers in order to give readers boundaries about what is going to discuss.

2. Arguments:

while providing or listing the arguments, writers should put the arguments of both sides. Thus, to make it balance, writers are not allowed to take his position on the arguments.

3. Conclusion:

in this part, the writers are required to sum up all the arguments and are allowed to choose his/her preference. (Also read another article at : Teknik Dasar Permainan Sepak Bola)

Language Features of Discussion Text

Something that should be paid attention in the Discussion Text:

  • Introducing category or generic participant
  • Using thinking verb; feel, hope, believe, etc
  • Using additive, contrastive, and causal connection; similarly, on the hand, however, etc
  • Using modalities; must, should, could, may, etc
  • Using adverbial of manner; deliberately, hopefully, etc

Example of Discussion Text

National Exam: Pro and Contra?

The national exam becomes a hot topic in most discussions among students, teachers, and parents. Some people believe that a national exam is not necessary for students as a requirement to be able to graduate from school. On other hand, other people see the national exams as an important indicator to know whether students have mastered all school materials or not. The debate among society about national examination goes on until now. (Also read another article at : Kekasih Bayangan Hanya Ilusi)

For people who agree, the national exam is necessary for students as a requirement to graduate from a school. People who support the national exam explain that the quality of the Indonesia education will drop without the national exam, so they try to defend the current system. They also think that national examination can motivate students to study harder.

However, there are people who disagree with their opinion. Those who against this national exam kept in school education say that it doesn’t need the national exams because the quality of education does not just depend on the national exam. Further, the national exam only measures a small portion of students’ competence in specific subjects and does not measure students’ competences throughout the semester.

In conclusion, the national examination can still be useful as an instrument to evaluate or detect the level of students’ cognitive competence in several subjects, on a national scale. However, it is not fair if only national exam scores that judge whether students pass or not. The government should make a regulation that the national exam is not the only requirement for students to graduate. There should be other requirements added such as students’ daily score, behavior, and achievement.

       That’s all the material of reading text about The Generic Structure of Discussion Text we can share. Hopefully, the material of The Generic Structure of Discussion Text above will be useful for understanding our English, especially reading text. (Also read another article at : Soal PTS PKn Kelas 11 Semester 1)


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