Function of Auxiliary or Verb TO HAVE

Function of Auxiliary or Verb TO HAVE

Function of Auxiliary or Verb TO HAVE

Function of Auxiliary or Verb TO HAVE

 After sharing about the function of Auxiliary TO DO in the previous post, now we want to share another kind of auxiliaries. In this case we want to share about Auxiliary TO HAVE. However, before discussing about auxiliary TO HAVE, it would be better if we recall our understanding about the meaning of Auxiliary verb. (Also read : Function of Auxiliary or Verb TO DO)

 What is an auxiliary verb? An auxiliary verb (also called helping verb) is an auxiliary used to help/assist the main verb of the sentience.

 After having understand the meaning of an auxiliary, let’s we discuss about Auxiliary TO HAVE. The topic I’ll share is the function of TO HAVE, the kind and the examples in using TO HAVE.

A. The function of TO HAVE

There two main functions of TO HAVE. They are:

1. As Auxiliary

TO HAVE is function as auxiliary when there is a main verb (verb) after TO HAVE in a sentence. In this case, the main verb must be in Verb-3 (Past participle). And the sentence in which consists of auxiliary TO HAVE and Verb-3 is called Perfect.

Examples:

  • She has finished her homework. (Present Perfect Tense)
  • We had written some articles. (Past Perfect Tense)
  • Have you joined a party? (Present Perfect Tense)
  • They had not played football. (Past Perfect Tense)

As auxiliary, TO HAVE can be Used in Present Perfect and in Past Perfect Tense. (Also read other article at : Klasifikasi Jenis–jenis Pelangi)

  • TO HAVE Used in Present Perfect Tense

The form is

(+) S + Have/has + Verb3

Example

  • Rahmah has stayed here for three years.
  • We have taken some mangoes.

(-) S + Have/has + not + Verb3

Example

  • Rahmah has not stayed here for three years.
  • We have not taken any mangoes.

(?) Have/has + S + Verb3

Example

  • Has Rahmah stayed here?
  • Have you taken some mangoes?

  • TO HAVE Used in Past Perfect Tense

The form is

(+) S + Had + Verb3

Example

  • Rahmah had stayed here for three years.
  • We had taken some mangoes.

(-) S + Had + not + Verb3

Example

  • Rahmah had not stayed here for three years.
  • We had not taken any mangoes.

(?) Had + S + Verb3

Example

  • Had Rahmah stayed here?
  • Had you taken some mangoes?

2. As Main Verb

TO HAVE is function as Main Verb or Full Verb (commonly called Verb) when there is no main verb (verb) after TO HAVE in a sentence. In this case TO HAVE is directly followed by Noun. (Also read other article at : Ayah Hargailah Perasaan Ibu)

Example

  • He has a car.
  • She had big problem.
  • We have a little money.

Note:

As main verb, TO HAVE can be accompanied by another auxiliary.

Example:

  • Rahmad doesn’t have a pen. (does = auxiliary)
  • We have had a new house. (have = auxiliary)

B. Kinds of TO HAVE

There are five kinds of TO HAVE, they are:

InfinitivePresentPastPast Participle
havehave

has

 

had

 

had

Examples

  • She will have some experiments.
  • I have a motorcycle.
  • She has a beautiful cat.
  • We had some money.
  • They have had representative room.

 That’s all the post about the Function of Auxiliary or Verb TO HAVE we can share for this occasion. We hope the post about the Function of Auxiliary or Verb TO HAVE above can be useful to increase our understanding about auxiliary. (Also read other article at : Soal PTS Fisika Kelas 10 Semester 1)

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