Grammar

Function and Pattern of Auxiliary Modal CAN

Function and Pattern of Auxiliary Modal CAN

Function and Pattern of Auxiliary Modal CAN

 There some Auxiliary Modals in English we have to know when we study about sentence. However, in this occasion we will only study Modal “CAN”. In this case we will study Function and Pattern of Auxiliary Modal CAN so that we will be familiar to this auxiliary. (also read : AUXILIARY OR MAIN VERB TO HAVE)

 Before studying about the function and its examples, it is better we study the pattern or the form of sentence using Modal CAN. As other auxiliary modals, the pattern of Modal CAN is able be shown as below:

( + ) Subject + can + infinitive (verb 1) + Complement

Example :

She can sing a song.
They can stay here.

( – ) Subject + can + not + infinitive (verb 1) + Complement

Example :

She cannot sing a song.
They cannot stay here.

( ? ) Can + Subject + infinitive (verb 1) + Complement

Example :

Can she sing a song?
Can they stay here?

Below is the explanation about Function and Example of Auxiliary Modal CAN

The Function of Modal CAN

There are some functions of Modal “CAN” that is able to be studied, they are:

1. To talk about what someone is able to do

Example :

He is so strong. He can lift that car.
I can read 10 pages of story book in three minutes.
She can’t come before four o’clock.
I can’t speak French.

2. To talk about possibility

Example :

Andrew can be a doctor.
Rosita can be a nurse.
He can be a mechanic.
We can be good players.

3. To talk about a general possibility

Example :

The weather here can get really bad.
The fire can burn the houses.
Such things can happen.

4. To say that something is allowed

Example :

He can borrow my book if he needs it.
You can smoke here.
You can pay with a credit card.”
You can come to my house every time.

5. To make a request (an informal use), for formal request, use ”MAY”

Example :

Can you help me with my homework?
Can you make some tea?
Can you come here, please?
Can I sit here?

 That’s all the material of Function and Pattern of Auxiliary Modal CAN we can share for this occasion. We hope the material about Function and Pattern of Auxiliary Modal CAN above can improve our understanding about English, especially about auxiliary modal CAN. (study Indonesian version at : Fungsi dan Rumus Modal CAN)

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