Function and Grammatical Structure of WISH

Function and Grammatical Structure of WISH

Function and Grammatical Structure of WISH

Function and Grammatical Structure of WISH

 In the previous post we have explained the function of “WISH”. It is said that WISH is the expression of someone’s feeling that one would like to have or do something or to see something happen; a desire, longing, or strong inclination for a specific thing. (Also read : Meaning and Example of Common Noun)


  • We wish you a “Merry Ied-Al-Fitr.”
  • I wish to speak to your manager (Here wish acts like a command)

However, the function of “WISH” actually is not only as we have said above, but also there are also some function of WISH as below:

Wish + Simple Past Tense

“Wish” is used to talk about situations that we desire, but which are the opposite of the current reality or which are impossible. We can use wish + past tense to talk about our situation right now. Even though we use the past tense, we are NOT talking about the past.

For examples:

  • I wish I had a car. (In reality, I don’t have a car now, but I want one).
  • I wish I didn’t have to work tomorrow. (In reality, I have to work tomorrow, but I don’t want to).
  • I wish I were tall. (In reality, I’m short, but I want to be tall).

Wish + Past Continuous Tense

Wish is used to express that we want to be doing a different action in the present (or future). (Also read other article at : Fungsi Simple Present Tense)

For examples:

  • I wish I was lying on a beach now. (I’m sitting in the office)
  • I wish it wasn’t raining. (It is raining)
  • I wish you weren’t leaving tomorrow. (You are leaving tomorrow)

Wish + Past Perfect Tense

Wish is used to express a regret, or that we want a situation in the past to be different.

For examples:

  • I wish I hadn’t eaten so much. (I ate a lot)
  • I wish they’d come on holiday with us. (They didn’t come on holiday)
  • I wish I had studied harder at school. (I was lazy at school)

Wish + Would + Bare Infinitive

Wish is used to express impatience, annoyance or dissatisfaction with a present action. (Also read other article at : Ingin Bertemu Ayah di Surga)

For examples:

  • I wish you would stop smoking. (You are smoking at the moment and it is annoying me).
  • I wish it would stop raining. (I’m impatient because it is raining and I want to go outside).
  • I wish she’d be quiet. (I am annoyed because she is speaking).

 That’s all the post about the Function and Grammatical Structure of WISH I can share. Hopefully the grammar material entitled “Function and Grammatical Structure of WISH” above can be useful for us to improve our English. (Also read other article at : Soal Bahasa Inggris Kalimat Rumpang)

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