Definition and Variation of Dictation

Definition and Variation of Dictation

Definition and Variation of Dictation

Definition and Variation of Dictation

       As we have shared in the previous post that dictation is useful to help students or some else develop all four-language skills (listening, speaking, reading, writing) in an integrated way. So in this post we want to continue discussing about Dictation. In this case we are going to discuss about Definition and Variation of Dictation, so Let’s start discussing as below. (Also read : Advantage and Disadvantage of Dictation)

Definition of Dictation

       Dictation is the activity of speaking or reading aloud of words or sentences for someone else to write down.

       Dictation can also be the activity of speaking something aloud for a person or machine to record, so it can be written down later

Variations of dictation

       The imagination of the teacher may give free vent to the way dictation is carried out. Instead of having the teacher dictating the passage for students to write down, teachers can find alternative ways to implement the activity. (Also read other article at : Pearl Heart of Father)

  • Students may work in pairs with a short passage for each. They first read it silently (teachers assistance is possible at this stage) and then taking turns to dictate the passages for each other.
  • Before students see the original passage, students work in groups to check for mistakes.
  • Teachers need not prepare long passages. Separated sentences or words can be also used to carry out a dictation.
  • Teachers may prepare a short paragraph and dictate the sentences in disorder.Next, students check for mistakes in pair work or group work. Later they are told to put the sentence in the correct order to form a paragraph.
  • Students may work in pairs. One student is assigned the role of the writer and the other the role of the “runner”. The short passage is put on the wall. The runners have to go to the text and return to their partners having memorized the first line of the text, which they dictate. They keep returning to the text until they have dictated the full text to their partner. The role can be swapped halfway through. Their text is then compared to a correct version and corrected. (Also read other article at : Jenis Pekerjaan dalam Bahasa Inggris)
  • Teacher can play the role of a human tape recorder. As s/he reads the text, students call out instructions such as ‘Stop’, ‘Rewind’, ‘Play’, ‘Decrease speed’ etc. ‘This gives the students the opportunity to control the speed of the dictation and the amount of repetition.
  • Dictations can be carried out in the form of a “dictogloss”. It requires the students to only take notes of the key words used as they listen and then later reconstruct the text so that it has the same meaning as the original text although perhaps not exactly the same form.

       That’s all our opinion in our post about the Definition and Variation of Dictation we can share in this occasion. Hopefully the article about the Definition and Variation of Dictation above can be useful for us, especially as teachers in increasing the technique of English teaching learning process. (Also read other article at : UAS Seni Budaya Kelas 11 Semester 2)

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