Definition and Kinds of adjective. After sharing kinds of noun and kinds of pronoun in the previous post, now I want to share another part of speech. It is about kinds of Adjective. So let’s go to the explanation.
An adjective is a word or set of words that modifies (describes) a noun or pronoun. Adjectives may come before the word they modify.
That is a cute puppy.
She likes a high school senior.
Adjectives may also follow the word they modify:
That puppy looks cute.
Kinds of Adjective
- Descriptive Adjective or adjective of quality
- Adjective of quantity
- Demonstrative Adjective
- Possessive Adjective
- Indefinite Adjective
- Interrogative adjective
- Comparative Adjective
- Superlative Adjective
Descriptive adjectives are the most numerous of the different types of adjectives. These adjectives describe nouns that refer to action, state, or quality (careless, dangerous, excited, sad, black, white, big, small, long, fat, English, Mediterranean, three-cornered).
- Dangerous chemicals
- Green vegetables
- A square box
- A big house
- A tall tree
- A cold morning
- A true story
Adjective of quantity
An adjective of quantity tells us the number (how many) or amount (how much) of a noun.
- He has eaten three apples.
- I don’t have much money.
- There is so much wine for the guests.
- This long, thin centipede has many legs.
A demonstrative adjective (this, that, these, those) shows the noun it modifies is singular or plural and whether the position of the noun is near or far from the person who is speaking or writing. A demonstrative adjective also points out a fact about the noun.
- This red balloon is mine and those three yellow ones are yours.
- This cute baby is his brother. That cute baby is his sister.
A possessive adjective expresses possession of a noun by someone or something. Possessive adjectives are the same as possessive pronouns. All the possessive adjectives are listed in the following table:
Examples of possessive adjectives/pronouns:
I spent my afternoon cleaning the toilet.
This must be your cap.
Its skin is dry and rough.
Indefinite adjectives are used when the sentence has nothing to point out or specify. These adjectives are formed from indefinite pronouns and do not indicate anything in particular. It uses words such as, any, many, few and several, etc. Here is an example explained in detail: ‘The chief has heard many people make the same promise’. The word ‘Many’ is an indefinite adjective which does not specify the quantity of people and modifies the noun ‘people’ without pointing out exactly who all have made the said same promise. Other examples:
Many children like dinosaurs.
Is there any water in the bottle?
An Interrogative adjective modifies a noun or a noun phrase and is similar to the interrogative pronoun. It does not stand on its own and includes words such as, which, what, who, whose, whom, where and so on. For example: ‘What dress are you wearing?’ Here, ‘what’ modifies the noun ‘dress’ and is the object of the compound verb ‘are wearing’. Other examples:
Which leaves turn color first?
Whose son is he?
Comparative adjectives are those which imply increase or decrease of the quality or quantity of the nouns. It is used to compare two things in a clause. Adjectives are generally made comparative by adding ‘er’ to the original work like nicer, taller, smarter, etc.; there are some exceptions also. Other examples are:
The detective is younger than the thief
Science is more important than math in these days.
This school is better than the last one I attended.
Superlative adjectives express the greatest increase or decrease of the quality; it conveys the supreme value of the noun in question. For instance, ‘He is the richest man in this town’. Here, the word ‘richest’ is the superlative adjective which shows a comparison individually.
- Mary is the tallest of all the students.
- I am in the smallest class in the school.
- This is the most interesting subject for me.
That’s all about kinds of Adjective and hopefully it’s useful.