Definition and Function of Factitive Verbs
In this post we will share about grammar entitled “Definition and Function of Factitive Verbs”. This this material will be divided into three topics, they are definition of factitive verbs, function of factitive verbs and Role of Factitive Verbs in sentences. So let’s go to the material. (also read : Function Causative Verbs)
Here is the material of Definition and Function of Factitive Verbs:
Definition of Factitive Verbs
Noting or denoting to verbs that express the idea of making or rendering in a certain way and that take a direct object and an additional word or group of words indicating the result of the process, as made in They elected Obama president, where Obama is the direct object and president is the complement
Function or Usage of Factitive Verbs
Factitive verbs are used to indicate the resulting condition or state (known as the object complement) of a person, place, or thing (the direct object) caused by the action of the verb.
Kinds of verbs including factitive verbs are elect, appoint, make, choose, deem, assign, name, select, judge, and designate.
Some examples of factitive verbs in sentences:
- The populace elected Obama president of the United States.
- The committee named Mr. Fuller chairman of the board.
- The jury judged the defendant not guilty.
- She deemed him a person of high quality.
- The group designated Marshall leader from then on.
- The coach made Messi captain of Barcelona.
Direct Objects and Object Complements
Factitive verbs have both direct objects and object complements.
Direct objects are phrases, clauses, nouns, and pronouns that directly receive the action of the verb.
Object complements are adjectives, nouns, or pronouns that follow direct objects in order to indicate what the direct object’s new state is. In other words, object complements reveal what the direct object has become.
Factitive verbs always indicate that the direct object has been changed or placed into a new condition, state, or category as indicated by the object complement.
To understand this concept, consider the following sentence:
- The company appointed the most experienced employee manager.
In this sentence, appointed is the factitive verb, the most experienced employee is the direct object, and manager is the object complement. Appointed is a factitive verb because it indicates that someone is having his or her status changed. The most experienced employee is the direct object because he or she is receiving the action of the verb, while manager is the object complement because it indicates what the direct object has become.
Here is another example:
- The team made the star quarterback the new captain.
In this sentence, made is a factitive verb acting directly upon the star quarterback, its direct object. The new captain is the object complement, indicating what the star quarterback was designated as.
Role of Factitive Verbs in sentences
Factitive verbs serve the purpose of helping to answer the question of how a person, place, or thing was changed.
- The school appointed Mr. Zainuddin principal.
it is clear that Mr. Zainuddin (the direct object) was made principal. Thus, the factitive verb appointed successfully serves its role in the sentence.
- The organization named Paul Grand chief executive officer.
The addition of a factitive verb reveals the status or characteristic being given to someone or something. In this case, Paul Grand is being given the status of chief executive officer.
- The builder made the house more modern.
By using made, we can clearly see the intended relationship between the direct object, house, and the object complement, more modern.
That’s all about Definition and Function of Factitive Verbs we can share for this occasion. Hopefully the post about Definition and Function of Factitive Verbs above can increase our English, especially in Grammar. (also read : The Function of Need to as Auxiliary or Main Verb)