Complete 16 Kinds of Tenses

Complete 16 Kinds of Tenses

Complete 16 Kinds of Tenses

Complete 16 Kinds of Tenses

The posting of Complete 16 Kinds of Tenses below maybe can be used to overcome our confusion for finding the change of one pattern or formula in getting kinds of tenses. And these are Complete 16 Kinds of Tenses we mean. (Also read another article at : Definition of Transitive and Intransitive Verb)

They are:

  1. Simple Present Tense

Function:

Stating a habit (habitual action) or activities that occur over and over – again and again, and again. Stating a general truth.

Pattern/Formula without a verb :

(+) S + am/is/are + Complement

(-) S + am/is/are + not + Complement

(?) Am/Is/Are + S + Complement

Examples:

(+) Mr. Richard is in the living room.

(-) Mr. Richard is not in the living room.

(?) Is Mr. Richard in the living room?

Pattern/Formula without verb :

(+) S + V1 + es/s + Object

(- ) S + do/does + not + V1 + Object

(? ) do/does + s + V1 + Object?

Examples:

(+) My sister lives in Palembang.

(-) My sister does not live in Palembang.

(?) Does my sister live in Palembang?

  1. Present Continuous Tense

Function:

To declare an ongoing activity (now) or around the time of the conversation (around the time speaking).

Pattern/Formula:

( + ) s + is/am/are + V – ing

( –  ) s + is/am/are + not + V – ing

( ? ) is/am/are + s + V – ing

Examples:

(+) My sister is living in Palembang.

(-) My sister is not living in Palembang.

(?) Is my sister living in Palembang?

  1. Present Perfect Tense

Function:

To declare an act, events that happened in the past and still nothing to do with present or to show an event that completed in a short time (just finished).

Pattern/Formula :

( + ) s + have/has + V3

( – ) s + have/has + not + V3

( ? ) have/has + s + V3 + ?

Examples :

Winny has eaten lunch.

Ketut has not eaten lunch.

Has Nopri eaten lunch?

  1. Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Function:

to declare an activity that started in the past and is still ongoing and there may still be ongoing

Pattern/Formula:

( + ) s + have/has + been + V – ing

( – ) s + have/has + not + been + V – ing

( ? ) have/has + s + been + V – ing ?

Examples :

Jack has been staying in hospital since his accident

Jack has not been staying in the hospital.

Has Jack been staying in hospital since his accident?

  1. Simple Past Tense

Function:

To express an activity that occurs at a point in the past.

Pattern/Formula:

( + ) s + V2 + Object

( – ) s + did + not + V1 + Object

( ? ) did + s + V1 + Object?

Examples :

My father went to Spain last year.

My mother did not go to Spain.

Did my sister go to Spain last year?

  1. Past Continuous Tense

Function:

To express an ongoing activity in the past when other activities occur/interrupt.

Pattern/Formula:

( + ) s + was/were + V – ing

( – ) s + was/were + not + V – ing

( ? ) was/were + s + V – ing ?

Examples :

I was reading a book when my father watched TV.

I was not eating when my mother ate lunch.

Was I studying when my friend invited me?

(Also read another article at : 17 Contoh Descriptive Text Bahasa Inggris)

  1. Past Perfect Tense

Function:

To declare an act that is completed events done in the past or explain events which first occurred between the two in question.

Pattern/Formula :

( + ) s + had + v3

( – ) s + had + not + v3

( ? ) had + s + v3

Examples :

Rina had eaten when we called to her house.

Tina had not come when I called her.

Had Tina heard when I called her?

  1. Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Function:

To declare an act or event that has been started in the past and is still going on in the past also.

Pattern/Formula:

( + ) s + had + been + V – ing

( – ) s + had + not + been + V – ing

( ? ) had + s + been + V – ing ?

Examples :

They had been singing when we studied dancing.

They had not been eating when we ate lunch.

Had they been studying when we studied English?

  1. Simple Future Tense

Function:

To declare an act or event that will be done at the time will come.

Pattern/Formula:

( + ) s + shall/will + V1

( – ) s + shall/will + not + V1

( ? ) shall/will + s + V1

Examples :

I will go to Surabaya tomorrow.

My mother shall not follow me.

Will you follow me?

  1. Future Continuous Tense

Function:

to declare an act or event that will be taking place at a time will come.

Pattern/Formula:

( + ) s + shall/will + be + v – ing

( – ) s + shall/will + not + be + V – ing

( ? ) shall/will + s + be + V – ing

Examples :

I will be studying if Winny comes tonight.

My young brother shall not be sleeping if my mother isn’t there.

Will they be screaming if there is a ghost?

  1. Future Perfect Tense

Function:

To declare an act or event that already started in the past and soon to be completed in time dating.

Pattern/Formula:

( + ) s + shall/will + have + V3

( – ) s + shall/will + not + have + V3

( ? ) shall/will + s + have + V3

Examples :

Tom and Tim will have finished their work by Monday.

Tom and Tim will not have finished their work by Sunday.

Will They have finished their work Tuesday?

  1. Future Perfect Continuous Tense

Function:

To declare an act or event that already exists in the past but it is still possible to be continued at the time will come.

Pattern/Formula:

( + ) s + shall/will + have + been + V – ing

( – ) s + shall/will + not + have + been + V – ing

( ? ) shall/will + s + have + been + V – ing

Examples :

My father shall have been working in the office for five years by the end of the year.

My mother shall not have been cooking.

Shall she have been cooking?

  1. Past Future Tense

Function:

To declare an act or event that will come done in the past.

Pattern/Formula:

( + ) s + should/would + V1

( – ) s + should/would + not + V1

( ? ) should/would + s + V1

Examples :

My parent would give me a new book the week before.

They would not give me a new book the next day.

Would they give me a new car the week before?

(Also read another article at : Taman Indah Berseri)

  1. Past Future Continuous Tense

Function:

To declare an act or event that will be taking place in the past.

Pattern/Formula:

( + ) s + should/would + be + V – ing

( – ) s + should/would + not + be + V – ing

( ? ) should/would + s + be + V – ing

Examples :

We would be meeting here at five yesterday.

We would not be meeting here at four yesterday.

Would we be meeting here at five yesterday?

  1. Past Future Perfect Tense

Function:

To declare an act of events that will come already in the past supposition that can not happen because it is definitely not fulfilled.

Pattern/Formula:

( + ) s + should/would + have + V3

( – )  s + should/would + not + have + V3

( ? )  should/would + s + have + V3

Examples :

You would have been successful if you had worked hard.

You would not have been successful if you had not worked hard.

Would you have been successful if you had not worked hard?

  1. Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense

Function:

To declare an act of events that will already be in progress at

the past.

Pattern/Formula:

( + )  s + should/would + have + been + V – ing

( – )   s + should/would + not + have + been + V – ing

( ? )  should/would + s + have + been + V – ing

Examples :

My brother should have been working there for two years by the end of this year.

My sister should not have been working there.

Should Andreas have been studying at Tridinanti for 2 two years by the end of this year?

That’s all the post about Complete 16 Kinds of Tenses we can share for this occasion. We hope the post about Complete 16 Kinds of Tenses above can be useful for us to get the knowledge of  Complete 16 Kinds of Tenses, Complete, Kinds, Tenses, Complete Kinds of Tenses, 16 Kinds of Tenses, Complete Formula of Tenses, 16 Formula of Tenses, Complete Formulas of Tenses, and 16 Pattern of Tenses. (Also read another article at : Soal PAS Penjaskes Kelas 10 Semester 1

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