Reading

Generic Structure of Notice Text

Generic Structure of Notice Text

Generic Structure of Notice Text

        As we know there are many kinds of Short Functional Text. One of them is Notice Text so in this occasion I want to share about Generic Structure of Notice Text. In this material I will share about definition, purpose, generic structure, linguistic or language feature kinds and examples of notice text. (also read : Generic Structure of News Item Text)

Now let’s go to the material Generic Structure of Notice Text.

Definition of Notice Text

        Notice / caution is a form of functional Text used as instruction or guidance to someone doing or not doing something.

        Notice / caution may be in the form of phrases (combination of words), clause (Sentence), or an image / mark / sign.

        Notice or is short and simple information addressed to someone else. Notice should be easily understood and easy to read, so usually notice or notification always using simple words, written in a simple, and large font. And it is usually placed in public places. Notice can also be signs.

The Purpose of Notice Text

There are many function or purpose of Notice text, they are used:

  • To give an instruction / to instruct people to….
  • To give information / to inform people to….
  • To give direction
  • To ask people to….
  • To advice/to suggest / to recommend people to….
  • To remind people to….
  • To warn / to give warning
  • To ban / to forbid / to prohibit people to…

        Because of the above functions, that’s why in the notice, people use a simple word with a simple font which is written in a placard or notice board. read more

Name and Abbreviation of Days and Months

Name and Abbreviation of Days and Months

Name and Abbreviation of Days and Months

        After sharing article about Name of days and months in English and Indonesian in the previous post, now we want to continue sharing about days in the week and months in the year. It is about Name and Abbreviation of Days and Months.

        In this topic about Name and Abbreviation of Days and Months, we want to share about the name of days and months with their abbreviations. So we are going to discuss about the name of the days with their abbreviations and the name of the months with their abbreviations. (also read : Name of days and months in English Indonesian)

        By the way, the abbreviation of days and months are actually mostly used in writing skill, however we categorize this in reading category. We hope you don’t mind about this. And for complete discussion let’s go to the information below.

Topic of Name and Abbreviation of Days and Months are:

Name of the days with their abbreviations.

Below are 7 (seven) days in the week and their abbreviations which can be used as an alternative in writing or other purposes. They are shown below:

No.Day in the WeekAbbreviation
1

2

3

4

5

6

7

Monday

Tuesday

Wednesday

Thursday

Friday

Saturday

Sunday

Mon.

Tues., Tue., or Tu.

Wed.

Thurs., Thur., or Thu.

Fri.

Sat.

Sun.

 

Name of the months with their abbreviations.

Whereas in the year there are 12 (twelve) months and each of them can be written their abbreviations as shown below: read more

Name of days and months in English Indonesian

Name of days and months in English Indonesian

Name of days and months in English Indonesian

        It looks very simple when we read the post entitled” Name of days and months in English Indonesian” because the days and the months are basic things the people have known. However, we think it is important for someone who want to start studying English or Indonesian to know about Name of days and months in English Indonesian. For this, in this occasion we want to share about the Name of days and months in English Indonesian so they who want to study those languages have vocabulary about them. (also read : Function of Ordinal Number)

        In this topic about Name of days and months in English Indonesian, we want to divide the topic into two parts, they are name of days in week and name of months in year. For complete discussion let’s go to the information below.

Topic of Name of days and months in English Indonesian are:

Name of Days in Week (English – Indonesian)

        There are 7 (seven) days in the week both English and Indonesian. They are shown below:

No.EnglishIndonesian
1

2

3

4

5

6

7

Monday

Tuesday

Wednesday

Thursday

Friday

Saturday

Sunday

Senin

Selasa

Rabu

Kamis

Jum’at

Sabtu

Minggu

 

Name of Months in Year (English – Indonesian)

        Whereas in the year there are 12 (twelve) months both English and Indonesian. They can be shown as below: read more

Abbreviation in Daily Life

Abbreviation in Daily Life

        Abbreviation in Daily Life. Some shortened form of a word or phrase is an abbreviation. However, it can be used as Acronyms when it can be pronounced as a single word. In other words, shortened forms are abbreviations some of which are acronyms. In this posting, I will not explain about the differences between abbreviations and acronyms.

        I just want to share about some abbreviations in which we commonly find them in our daily life. Now, let’s go to the information about Abbreviation in Daily Life often we find:

Abbreviation of Profession and title

  • Mr. = Mister
  • Mrs. = Mistress
  • Ms. = Miss
  • Dr. = Doctor
  • Jr. = Junior
  • Sr. = Senior
  • Capt. = Captain
  • Comdr. = Commander
  • Col. = Colonel
  • Gen. = General
  • Hon. = the Honorable
  • Lt. = Lieutenant
  • Rev. = the Reverend

Other common abbreviations include:

Months of the Year

  • Jan. = January
  • Feb. = February
  • Mar. = March
  • Apr. = April
  • Jun. = June
  • Jul. = July
  • Aug. = August
  • Sept. = September
  • Oct. = October
  • Nov. = November
  • Dec. = December

Days of the Week

  • Mon. = Monday
  • Tues. = Tuesday
  • Wed. = Wednesday
  • thurs. = Thursday
  • Fri. = Friday
  • Sat. = Saturday
  • Sun. = Sunday

Types of Measurement

  • MPH = Miles per hour
  • RPM = Revolutions per minute
  • Btu = British thermal units
  • F = Fahrenheit
  • C = Celsius

Weight and Volume

  • gal. = gallon
  • lp. = pound
  • oz. = ounce
  • pt .= pint
  • qt.= quart
  • wt. = weight
  • vol. = volume

Time

  • hr. = hour
  • min = minute
  • sec = second

Length = US / UK

  • in. = inch
  • ft. = foot
  • mi = mile
  • yd. = yard

Measures in Metrics

  • kg = kilogram
  • km = kilometer
  • m = meter
  • mg = milligram
  • mm = millimeter

Directions

  • N = North
  • S = South
  • E = East
  • W = West
  • NE = Northeast
  • NW = Northwest
  • SE = Southeast
  • SW = Southwest

Important Institutions

  • BBC = British Broadcasting Corporation
  • EU = European Union
  • IRS = Internal Revenue Service
  • NASA = National Aeronautics and Space Administration
  • NATO = North Atlantic Treaty Organization
  • UNICEF = United Nations Children’s Fund
  • WHO = World Health Organization
  • ILO = International Labor Organization

SMS, Texting, Chat

Many abbreviations are used online and in our daily lives with smart phones, chat rooms, etc. Here are a few, but you can follow the next for a complete list in alphabetical order in other discussion of my posts.

  • B4N = Bye for now
  • ASAP = As soon as possible
  • NP = No problem
  • TIC = Tongue in cheek
  • AEAP = As Early as Possible
  • ALAP = As Late as Possible
  • ASAPAs = As Soon as Possible
  • B4YKI = Before You Know it
  • BFF = Best Friends, Forever
  • BM&Y = Between Me and You
  • BRB = Be right Back
  • BRT = Be right There
  • BTAM = Be that as it May

        That’s all about Abbreviation in Daily Life I can share. Hopefully it is useful for increasing our knowledge about abbreviation. Insya Allah next time I will share about acronym or other abbreviations. read more

The Function of Hortatory Exposition Text

The Function of Hortatory Exposition

       The Function of Hortatory Exposition Text. Have a nice meeting again to my beloved readers. Here I want to continue discussing about kinds of reading Text. In this case I want to share about the Function of Hortatory Exposition Text. Let’s follow the discussion below.

 

Definition

       Hortatory exposition is a text which represent the attempt of the writer to influence the readers to do something or act in a certain way.

Social Function

       The Purpose of hortatory exposition is to persuade the readers that something should or should not be the case or be done.

Generic Structure:

  1. Thesis
  2. Arguments
  3. Recommendation

Explanation

Thesis: it is an introduction to the main idea of an effect or event that will be raised or discussed. In section of thesis, the writer’s thought is presented as thesis which is proven with several arguments.

Arguments: in this section, the writer arguments is shown the opinions of the writer that support the main idea in supporting his thesis. The more opinions the authors write, the more attractive a Hortatory Exposition Text, because readers tend to believe in an event if there are many opinions that support in it. read more

Generic Structure of News Item Text

News Item Text

       Generic Structure of News Item Text. Hello my beloved visitor! Nice to meet you again. Here I want to share another kind of text. It is about news item text.

Definition

       A news item text is a text which is grouped into the text genre of narration. The main function of narration is telling stories or informing about events in chronological order. The order in the narration can be based of time, place and the events themselves.

Purpose

       News Item Text is used to inform readers about events of the day which are considered newsworthy or important.

Generic Structure

The main Generic Structure of News Item Text:

  1. Newsworthy event(s)
  2. Elaboration ( background, participant, time, place )
  3. Resource of information

Language Features

The Language Features of News Item Text:

  1.  Short, telegraphic information about story captured in headline
  2. Focusing on circumstances
  3.  Using action verbs
  4.  Using saying verbs
  5.  Using adverbs : time, place and manner.

Examples of News Item Text

Town  Contaminated

Newsworthy events

Moscow – A Russian journalist has uncoveredevidence of another Soviet nuclearcatastrophe, which killed 10 sailors andcontaminated an entire town.

Background Events

Yelena Vazrshavskya is the first journalist to speak to people who witnessed the explosion of a nuclear submarine at the naval base of shkotovo – 22 near Vladivostock.

 

The accident, which occurred 13 months before the Chernobyl disasterspread radioactive fall-out over the base and nearby town, but was covered up by officials of the Soviet Union. Residents were told the explosion in the reactor of the Victor-class submarine during a refit had been a ‘thermal’ and not a nuclear explosion. And those involved in the clean-up operation to remove more than 600 tons of contaminated material were sworn to secrecy.

Resource of InformationA board of investigators was later to describe it as the worst accident in the history of the Soviet Navy.

       The following text is another example of news item text is taken from the Jakarta post which is best in revealing what news item is and how it is structured.

Landslide in Bukittinggi

       Two people died while four others were wounded in a landslide at a yard behind a house near Teleng market in Bukittinggi, West Sumatra on Tuesday. read more

Generic Structure of Analytical Exposition Text

Analytical Exposition Text

       Generic Structure of Analytical Exposition Text. Before discussing about the generic structure of Analytical exposition text, it’s better to know about the definition of it.

Definition

       Analytical exposition is a kind of text that belongs to the type of argumentation text where the text contains detailed author’s thinking about a phenomenon that is around. The social function of this text is to convince the reader that the presented topic is an important topic for discussion or attention by way of arguments or the opinions that support the idea or topic.

Purpose: 

        To reveal the readers that something is the important case

Generic Structure:

  1. Thesis
  2. Arguments
  3. Reiteration/Conclusion

Explanation about Generic Structure of Analytical exposition:

Thesis : In section thesis, the author introduces the topic or main idea that will be discussed. Thesis has always been in the first paragraph of analytical exposition.

Arguments : The topic discussed by the author is a very important topic or need attention. In this section this section the author presents the arguments or the opinions that support the idea of the author, usually in a text. Analytical exposition have more than two arguments. The more arguments appear, the more confident the reader. read more

Generic structure of Review Text

Review Text

       Generic structure of Review Text. As we know that reading is one of skill that we must gather to increase our English among other skills so to increase our skill in reading, for this occasion I’d like to share about one kind of texts, it is about Review Text.

       A review is an evaluation of a publication, product, service, or company such as a movie (a movie review), video game, musical composition (music review of a composition or recording), book (book review); a piece of hardware like a car, home appliance, or computer; or an event or performance, such as a live music concert, play, musical theater show, or dance show.

Social Function of Review Text

       To criticize ( comment ) an art work, event for a public audience. Such as: work of art included movies, TV shows, books, plays, opera, recording, exhibitions, concerts and ballets

Generic structure of Review Text:

Orientation

       Places the work in its general and particular context, often by comparing it with other of its kind all through analogue with a non object or event. read more

Generic Structure of Explanation Text

Explanation Text

       Generic Structure of Explanation Text. As we know there are many kinds of text in English, and I have share some of them. For this occasion, I want to share again about kinds of text and in this case I want to share about explanation text. In this post I will share about the definition, generic structure, language feature, and example of explanation text.  Let’s go to the topic.

  1. Definition and purpose of Explanation

       Explanation is a text which tells processes relating to forming of natural, social, scientific and cultural phenomena. Explanation text is to say ‘why’ and ‘how’ of the forming of the phenomena. It is often found in science, geography and history text books.

  1. Generic structure of Explanation
  • General statement; stating the phenomenon issues which are to be explained.
  • Sequenced explanation; stating a series of steps which explain the phenomena.
  • (Closing); atually this is not mentioned in explanation text, however, many people think that the last of paragraph is clossing, in which it is actually  part of sequenced explanation

  1. Language Feature
  • Featuring generic participant; sun, rain, etc.
  • Using chronological connection; to begin with, next, etc.
  • Using passive voice pattern
  • Using simple present tense

  1. Example and structure of the text

Making Paper from Woodchips

A general statementWood-chipping is a process used to obtain pulp and paper products from forest trees.
A sequencedThe wood-chipping process begins when the trees are cut down in a selected area of the forest called a coupe.
explanation ofNext the tops and branches of the trees are cut out and then the logs are taken to the mill.
why or how something occursAt the mill the bark of the logs is removed and the logs are taken to a chipper which cuts them into small pieces called woodchips.
The woodchips are then screened to remove dirt and other impurities. At this stage they are either exported in this form or changed into pulp by chemicals and heat.
 The pulp is then bleached and the water content is removed.
ClosingFinally the pulp is rolled out to make paper.

Other Example of Explanation Text read more

Generic Structure of Spoof Text

Spoof Text

       Generic Structure of Spoof Text. Hi my beloved visitor! Have you ever seen one comedy program on TV, Laugh Sketch (in Trans TV) or laughter (in Global TV)? Surely you are familiar with the program. The story-line in the sketch is called Spoof Text. Beginning of the story starts with a scene or a regular occurrence, then towards the end there is a scene or event that is not thought or unpredictable that makes the story funny.

       In order to be clear about Spoof Text, in the following explanation I will try to share about the definition, the function, generic structure, language feature and the example of Spoof Text

Definition

       Spoof Text is a text which tells about factual story, happened in the past time with unpredictable and funny ending. Spoof text is very similar to recount text. Both spoof text and recount text tell about the past event with chronological order. However, the purpose of Spoof Text is to amuse reader with funny story. The story mostly is ended with an unpredictable event. The other different is Spoof Text has “twist” in the end of the story. read more