Grammar

The Function of Imperative Sentence

The Function of Imperative

     The Function of Imperative Sentence. How are you going my beloved visitors? Are you fine? As we know that English consists of four skills. They are listening, speaking, reading and writing. However, we also need other skills to support those skills.
     In this occasion, I will share about one supported skill, i.e: The Imperative Sentence.
   There are some functions of imperative sentence in English, such as:
1. As an order,
2. As a warning,
3. As an appeal,
4. As an advice,
5. As a suggestion,
6. As an instruction
7. And in some cases as a request to another person, to a group of people or to animals.

       It is very easy to form the imperative sentence: Simply take the verbs’ infinitive form (without the “to” infinitive indicator). Usually the verb will be placed at the beginning of the sentence.

V + C + !

       The examples below are used if a person gives an order to another person or to a group of people.
For example:
Come to my house!
Keep silent!
Clean your face! read more

Pattern and usage of Simple Past Tense

Simple Past Tense

       Pattern and usage of Simple Past Tense. After sharing about Simple Present, Present Continuous and others for grammar, now is the time for me to share other kinds of tenses. In this case is sharing about Simple Past Tense. In this share I will share the pattern, the usage, time signal and examples so let’s discuss.

 

Pattern

There are two pattern of Simple Past Tense

  1.   ( + ) Subject + Verb2

                          e.g  They worked together .

           ( – ) Subject + did not + Verb1

                    e.g  They did not work together.

            ( ? ) Did + Subject + Verb1

                    e.g  Did they work together?

  1. ( + ) Subject + was/were

       e.g  She was happy.

               They were happy

         ( – ) Subject + was/were + not

          e.g  She was not happy.

                   They were not happy

          ( ? ) Was/Were + Subject

            e.g  Was she happy?

                     Were they happy? read more

Auxiliary Verb Modal Can Could

Auxiliary Modal

      Auxiliary Verb Modal Can Could. Auxiliary verbs always precede main verbs within a verb phrase. Auxiliaries are also known as helping verbs because they are needed to form many of the tenses. The words can be said as auxiliary if there is main verb in a sentence. The most word used as auxiliary verbs are to be, to do, to have and modals. And Insya Allah I will share all kinds of auxiliaries in some posting.

In this occasion, I want to share about auxiliary modal.

First of all, what does MODAL mean?

modal = expressing mood.

mood = a way to express the attitude of the speaker to what is being said.

Examples:

I can sing” means the speaker believes he has the ability to sing.

I might sing” means the speaker believes there is a possibility to sing.

I will sing” means the speaker has the intention to sing.

The auxiliary Modals are:

can, could, may, might, must, ought to, shall, should, will and would

The pattern of sentence using auxiliary modals:

( + )  Subject + modal + infinitive (verb 1) + Complement read more

Explanation about Question Tag

Question Tag

      Explanation about Question Tag. A Question tag is a short question at the end of statement. It is mainly used in speech when we want to confirm that something is true or not, or to encourage a reply from the person we are speaking to.

Form of question tag

Auxiliary + pronoun + ?

There are two main parts of question tag. They are main statement and question tag.

So the form is

Statement, Question Tag

Example

We are students, aren’t we?

We are students = statement

aren’t we = question tag

Pay attention of the following information:

  1. If main statement is positive ( + ), question tag should be negative ( – )

Example            

  • She is an artist, isn’t she?
  • They will go home, won’t they?
  1. If main statement is negative ( – ), question tag should be positive ( + )

Example

  • He didn’t play in the yard, did he?
  • We can’t stay here, can we?
  1. If subject in main statement is pronoun, subject in question tag should be the same as subject in main statement.

Example

  • They will go home, won’t they?
  • He didn’t play in the yard, did he?
  • read more

    Types of Conditional Sentence

    Types of Conditional Sentence

          Types of Conditional Sentence. Have a nice meeting to my beloved readers. Here I want to share grammar edition. It is about conditional sentence. Conditional sentence is also known as Conditional Clause or If Clause plays an important role in grammar. It describes a condition and the result that follows. Conditional sentence is made up of two parts: the if-clause (condition) and the main clause (result that follows).

    There are three types of Conditional Sentence.

    1. Conditional Sentences Type I
    2. Conditional Sentences Type II
    3. Conditional Sentences Type III

    Usage and Pattern

    Conditional Sentences Type I

    Usage

           Conditional Sentences Type I refer to the future. An action in the future will only happen if a certain condition is fulfilled by that time. We don’t know for sure whether the condition actually will be fulfilled or not, but the conditions seems rather realistic – so we think it is likely to happen.

           The basic form for this type of conditional sentence can be seen in the chart below. This type refers to future possibilities that are certain or probable. read more

    Function of Present Continuous Tense

    Present Continuous Tense

         Function of Present Continuous Tense. Present continuous Tense is also called Present Progressive Tense. We use the present continuous tense to show we are in the middle of an activity that is in progress at this moment. The activity started in the past and will go on in the future.

    Example: I am praying.

          So when we use the present continuous tense we are talking about something that is still not yet finished or complete at the time of speaking.

    Pattern

    ( + ) Subject + am/is/are + Ving

                 They are playing football.

    ( – )  Subject + am/is/are + not + Ving

                 They are not playing football.

    ( ? ) Am/Is/Are + Subject + Ving

                 Are they playing football?

    Usage

    The present continuous is used to talk about present situations.

    • It is used to describe an action that is going on at this moment.

          Example:

          We are using the Internet.

          He is studying English grammar.

    • It is also used to describe an action that is going on during this period of time or a trend.

          Example:

          Is he still working for the same office?

          More and more people are becoming vegetarian. read more

    Explanation about Present Perfect Tense

    Present Perfect

          Explanation about Present Perfect Tense. After sharing about Simple Present Tense in the previous post, now I want to continue sharing about grammar. In this case I want to share about Present Perfect Tense. For complete information, let’s go to the following explanation.

    Pattern

    ( + ) Subject + has/have + V3

                       Dandy has done his homework.

                       We have discussed our plan.

    ( – )  Subject + has/have + not + V3

                       Dandy has not done his homework.

                       We have not discussed our plan.

    ( ? ) Has/Have + Subject + V3

                       Has Dandy done his homework?

                       Have we discussed our plan?

    Note:           “has” is used for subject He, She, It.

    have” is used for subject I, You, We, They.

    Usage

           We use the present perfect when we want to look back from the present to the past. We can use it to look back on the recent past. read more

    The function of Simple Present Tense

    Simple Present Tense

    The function of Simple Present Tense. We use the simple present for some purpose, there are:

    1. To express habits, general truths, repeated actions or unchanging situations, emotions, and wishes.

    ¯   I eat rice (habit).

    ¯   I live in Tarik (unchanging situations).

    ¯   The earth is a round (general truth).

    ¯   I hope I can go to Makkah again (wishes).

    1. To give instructions or directions.

    ¯   Go down this street, and turn to the first right. It’s on the left side of BCA bank.

    1. To express fixed arrangements, presents or future.

    ¯   Our meeting finishes at 9.00 p.m.

    Pattern /Form

    There are two pattern of Simple Present

    1.   By Using Verb

    A. ( + ) Subject + Verb1

         e.g  We play football in the yard.

         ( – ) Subject + do not + Verb1

         e.g  We do not play football in the yard.

         ( ? ) Do + Subject + Verb1

         e.g  Do we play football in the yard?

    Note: the pattern above is for subject: I, We, You, They, and other plural noun.

    B. ( + ) Subject + Verb1+s/es

                  e.g  She goes to school.

        ( – )  Subject + does not + Verb1 read more

    Kinds of Question Word

    question word

            Kinds of Question Word. We will not be separated in using statement or question when we make interaction during communication.

         To ask certain types of questions, we usually use question words. We often refer to them as WH words because they include the letters WH (for example WHy, WHat, WHen, HoW, etc.).

    The following explanations are about Question Words

    Based Question Words

    1. What

    This function is for asking for information about something.

    Examples:

    What is in your bag?

    What is your name?

    This is also for asking for repetition or confirmation

    Example:

    What? I can’t hear your voice. You did what?

    The other function is for asking about activity.

    Example:

    What is she doing in your house?

    1. Where

    This function is for asking for information about place.

    Examples:

    Where do you study?

    Where did she go last night?

    1. Who

    This function is for asking for information about person or people (subject).

    Examples:

    Who knocked the door?

    Who kicked the ball?

    1. When

    This function is for asking about time.

    Examples:

    When will you go? read more