Grammar

Function of Ordinal Number

Function of Ordinal Number

Function of Ordinal Number

        As we know the previous post entitled “Difference between Cardinal and Ordinal Number that the Function of Ordinal Number is to show (tell) about the position or order of something or someone in a list or an order or a distribution, in this occasion we want to share about the function of ordinal number by implementing in daily usage 

Before implementing the function of ordinal number, below is list of some Ordinal Numbers

1st = first

2nd = second

3rd = third

4th = fourth

5th = fifth

6th = sixth

7th = seventh

8th = eighth

9th = ninth

10th = tenth

11th =eleventh

12th = twelfth

13th = thirteenth

14th = fourteenth

15th = fifteenth

 

16th = sixteenth

17th = seventeenth

18th = eighteenth

19th = nineteenth

20th = twentieth

21st = twenty first

22nd = twenty second

23rd = twenty third

24th = twenty fourth

. . .  = . . . . . .

30th = thirtieth

31st = thirty first

32nd = thirty second

. . .  = . . . . . .

40th = fortieth

 

41st = forty first

. . .  = . . . . .

50th = fiftieth

60th = sixtieth

70th = seventieth

80th = eightieth

90th = ninetieth

100th = one hundredth

105th = one hundred fifth

200th = two hundredth

268th = two hundred sixth eighth

1000th = one thousandth

1000000th = one millionth

. . . etc.

 

Some implantation of function of ordinal number in sentences:

This is my first time I join a music class.

I want to give the second question for you.

Her son got the seventh rank in his class.

She will be your third client.

This is for the second time I meet you.

The tenth position was fair for Indonesian team.

He was the fourteenth person to win the award.

He went to Mecca for the third time this year.

Next month will be the seventy first Indonesian Independence.

        That’s all about the function of ordinal number in implementation usage in sentences we can post. Hopefully the share about the function of ordinal number above can be useful for improving our English. read more

Difference between Cardinal and Ordinal Number

Difference between Cardinal and Ordinal Number

Difference between Cardinal and Ordinal Number

Cardinal Number

        A Cardinal Number is a number that shows (says) quantity or how many of something or someone.

Examples:

One book (it means there is a book).

Two pens (it means that the quantity of pens is two).

Three boxes of eggs (it means that there are three boxes of eggs).

Four glasses of water (it means that the quantity of water is four glasses)

Five girls (it means that the quantity of girls is five).

Six boys (it means that the quantity of boys is six).

Ordinal Number

        An Ordinal Number is a number that shows (tells) about the position or (order) of something or someone in a list or an order or a distribution.

Examples:

1st box (it means that the ordering of something in the box is number one).

2nd rank (it means that the rank position of someone or something is number two).

3rd child (it means that the position of the child is number three).

4th birth (it means that the birth of someone or something is number four).

5th card (it means that the distribution of the card is number fife).

Below is the list to show the Difference between Cardinal and Ordinal Number

Cardinal NumberOrdinal Number
1 = One

2 = Two

3 = Three

4 = Four

5 = Five

6 = Six

7 = Seven

8 = Eight

9 = Nine

10 = Ten

11 = Eleven

12 = Twelve

13 =Thirteen

14 = Fourteen

16 = Fifteen

16 = Sixteen

17 = Seventeen

18 = Eighteen

19 = Nineteen

20 = Twenty

21 = Twenty one

22 = twenty two

23 = twenty three

24 = twenty four

. . . = . . . . . .

30 = thirty

31 =  thirty one

32 = Thirty two

. . .  = . . . . . .

40 = forty

41 = forty one

. . . = . . . . . .

50 = fifty

60 = sixty

70 = seventy

80 = eighty

90 = ninety

100 = one hundred

105 = one hundred five

200 = two hundred

268 = two hundred sixty eight

1000 = one thousand

1000000 = one million

1st = first

2nd = second

3rd = third

4th = fourth

5th = fifth

6th = sixth

7th = seventh

8th = eighth

9th = ninth

10th = tenth

11th =eleventh

12th = twelfth

13th = thirteenth

14th = fourteenth

15th = fifteenth

16th = sixteenth

17th = seventeenth

18th = eighteenth

19th = nineteenth

20th = twentieth

21st = twenty first

22nd = twenty second

23rd = twenty third

24th = twenty fourth

. . .  = . . . . . .

30th = thirtieth

31st = thirty first

32nd = thirty second

. . .  = . . . . . .

40th = fortieth

41st = forty first

. . .  = . . . . .

50th = fiftieth

60th = sixtieth

70th = seventieth

80th = eightieth

90th = ninetieth

100th = hundredth

105th = hundred fifth

200th = two hundredth

268th = two hundred sixth eighth

1000th = thousandth

1000000th = millionth

        To make difference between cardinal and ordinal number, we usually construct ordinal number by adding “TH” from in the end of cardinal number, such as: 4 + th = 4th, 7 + th = 7th, 2876 + th = 2876th, etc. (except for number: 1 + st = 1st, 2 + nd = 2nd and 3 + rd = 3rd ) read more

Pattern Past Future Tense

Pattern Past Future Tense

Pattern Past Future Tense

        Talking about Pattern Past Future Tense or Simple Past Future Tense is actually not only the pattern itself but also about the function and the examples of it. So in this occasion I will share about Pattern Past Future Tense, the function and the examples Past Future Tense.

The Function of Past Future Tense

        Past Future is used to express the idea that in the past we thought something would happen in the future. It does not matter if we are correct or not. Past Future Tense follows the basic rules of “Would” or “was/were going to”. “Would” is used to volunteer or promise, and “was going to” is used to plan. Moreover, both forms can be used to make predictions about the future.

Examples:

  • I knew Yenny would have lunch. (voluntary action)
  • I told you he was going to come to the party. (plan)
  • Ratna said Sonny was going to bring his sister with him, but he came alone. (plan)
  • I had a feeling that the vacation was going to be a disaster. (prediction)
  • He promised he would send a postcard from Egypt. (promise)

Pattern Past Future Tense

There are two pattern I can share in Pattern Past Future Tense. They are by using:

  1. Was/were going to
  2. Would

Explanation

  1. Was/Were going to

( + ) Subject + was/were + going to + V1 + C

  • I was going to study hard.
  • She was going to write a short story.
  • They were going to play well.

( – ) Subject + was/were + not + going to + V1 + C

  • I was not going to study hard.
  • She was not going to write a short story.
  • They were not going to play well.

 ( ? ) Was/were + Subject + going to + V1 + C + ?

  • Were you going to study hard?
  • Was she going to write a short story?
  • Were they going to play well?
  1. Would

( + ) Subject + would + V1 + C read more

Function of Past Future Continuous Tense

Past Future Continuous Tense

        The Function of Past Future Continuous Tense. For continuing sharing about grammar, in this occasion I want to share about Past Future Continuous Tense. In this case I want to discuss about the function or purpose or usage, the pattern, time signal and the examples of Past Future Continuous Tense. Below is the information.

The Function of Past Future Continuous Tense

        Past Future Continuous Tense is used to express about the idea’ that in the past action/event was predicted, planned, promised, expected or obliged to be happening (being continued) in a certain period in the past future, or while simultaneously another action/event happened or was also happening (being continued) in the same period in the past future, regardless the fact that idea was not proved to be true.

        We can use Past Future Continuous Tense for the function or purpose of Past-Continuous Tense, Present-Continuous Tense and Future-Continuous Tense.

The Pattern or Formula of Past Future Continuous Tense read more

Past future perfect tense

Past future perfect tense

        Past Future Perfect Tense. Actually Past future perfect tense is rarely used in daily conversations. However, by sharing this, it is expected to assist students to understand and comprehend about Past future perfect tense.  so here I want to share about the pattern and the function or usage of Past future perfect tense.

The Pattern of Past future perfect tense

By using Verb

(+) S + would/should + have + V3

        She would have shouted, but I couldn’t.

        I would have married her if i had become an engineer                    three years ago.

(-) S + would/should + not + have + V3

         She would not have shouted, but I couldn’t.

         I would have married her if i had become an engineer                     three years ago.

(?) Would/should + S + have + V3

       Would she have shouted, but I couldn’t.

       I would have married her if i had become an engineer                      three years ago.

Without using Verb read more

Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense

Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense

Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense

The function of Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense

      Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense is used to express an action or imaginary situation that would have been happening in the past. The verb of Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense is in progress at a certain point or during certain periods in the past. Past Future Perfect Continuous Tenses are suppositions or assumptions, referring to the actors in the sentence just assumed the sentence stated by it.

       Actually, Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense is rarely being used in daily life, however, there is no mistake if we know it.

Examples:

  • He would have been waiting for me for 3 hours at 10 p.m. yesterday, but he had gone at 9 p.m.
  • She would have been working at that company for 3 years by the end of last year if she didn’t get an accident.

 

The Pattern of Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense

There are two patterns of Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense, they are:

A.   By using Verb

The Pattern:

(+) S + Would/Should + Have + Been + Verb-ing + Complement

  • My boyfriend would have been giving flower at this hour yesterday morning.
  • I would have been driving my car to Los Angles for a day last week.

(-) S + Would/Should + Not + Have + Been + Verb-ing + Complement

  • My boyfriend would not have been giving flower at this hour yesterday morning.
  • I would not have been driving my car to Los Angles for a day last week.

(?) Would/Should + S + Have + Been + Verb-ing + Complement

  • Would your boyfriend have been giving flower at this hour yesterday morning?
  • Would you have been driving my car to Los Angles for a day last week?

B.   Without using verb (Nominal form) read more

Function of Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Past Perfect Continuous

      Function of Past Perfect Continuous Tense. After sharing about Past Perfect Tense in the previous post, this time I want to continue sharing about kind of Tense. In this case I want to share about Past Perfect Continuous Tense.

        While talking about Past Perfect Continuous Tense, it means that we are talking about an action that started before the past and continued until the past action. And for the complete discussion, let’s go to the following pattern and function of Past perfect continuous Tense.

The Pattern of Past perfect continuous Tense

( + ) Subject + had + been + Ving

                                Randy had been doing his homework.

                                They had been discussing their plan.

( – )  Subject + had + not + been + Ving

                                Randy had not been doing his homework.

                                They had not been discussing their plan. read more

The Function of Present perfect continuous Tense

Present perfect continuous Tense

       The Function of Present perfect continuous Tense. After sharing about Present Perfect Tense in the previous post, now I want to continue sharing about grammar. In this case I want to share about Present Perfect Continuous Tense.

       When we are talking about Present Perfect Continuous Tense, it means that we are talking about an action that started in the past and continued until recently or that continue into the future.

       For the complete information, let’s go to the following pattern and function of Present Perfect Continuous Tense                                                                                           

Pattern

( + ) Subject + has/have + been + Ving

                                Dandy has been doing his homework.

                                We have been discussing our plan.

( – )  Subject + has/have + not + been + Ving read more