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Definition and Function of Factitive Verbs

Definition and Function of Factitive Verbs

Definition and Function of Factitive Verbs

 In this post we will share about grammar entitled “Definition and Function of Factitive Verbs”. This this material will be divided into three topics, they are definition of factitive verbs, function of factitive verbs and Role of Factitive Verbs in sentences. So let’s go to the material. (also read : Function Causative Verbs)

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Here is the material of Definition and Function of Factitive Verbs:

Definition of Factitive Verbs

 Noting or denoting to verbs that express the idea of making or rendering in a certain way and that take a direct object and an additional word or group of words indicating the result of the process, as made in They elected Obama president, where Obama is the direct object and president is the complement

Function or Usage of Factitive Verbs

 Factitive verbs are used to indicate the resulting condition or state (known as the object complement) of a person, place, or thing (the direct object) caused by the action of the verb.

Kinds of verbs including factitive verbs are elect, appoint, make, choose, deem, assign, name, select, judge, and designate.

Some examples of factitive verbs in sentences:
  • The populace elected Obama president of the United States.
  • The committee named Mr. Fuller chairman of the board.
  • The jury judged the defendant not guilty.
  • She deemed him a person of high quality.
  • The group designated Marshall leader from then on.
  • The coach made Messi captain of Barcelona.
Direct Objects and Object Complements

 Factitive verbs have both direct objects and object complements. read more

Definition and Kinds of Preposition

Definition and Kinds of Preposition

Definition and Kinds of Preposition

 In this post I will share about Definition and kinds of Preposition. In this topic of Definition and kinds of Preposition I will divide it in two parts, they are Definition of Preposition with its examples and List of kinds of Preposition with its examples too. (also see : Definition and Kinds of Part of Speech)

Let’s go to the discussion of Definition and kinds of Preposition:

Definition:

 A preposition is a word or set of words that shows the relationship between a word in the sentence and the word that is the object of the preposition.

 Prepositions can never be alone, so it makes sense to learn about prepositions in their phrases.

 Remember that A preposition isn’t a preposition unless it goes with a related noun or pronoun.

Examples

  • In the vase. in (preposition) the vase (object)
  • With the polka-dots. with (preposition) the polka-dots (object)
  • Before the desk. before (preposition) the desk (object).
  • To the movie. to (preposition) the movies (object)
  • After science class. after (preposition) science class (object)
  • On your tiptoes. on (preposition) your tiptoes (object)

The professor can sit on the desk and I sit after him. The professor can sit on (preposition) the desk (preposition) and I sit after (preposition) him (object)

The words of the vase, the polka-dots, the desk, the movies, science class and tiptoes are nouns,

The word “him” is pronoun.

Below is the complete list of kinds of Preposition.

Prepositions
about

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above

according to

across

after

against

along

along with

among

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apart from

around

as

as for

at

because of

before

behind

below

beneath

beside

between

beyond

but*

by

by means of 

 

concerning

despite

down

during

except

except for

excepting

for

from

in

in addition to

in back of

in case of

in front of

in place of

inside

in spite of

instead of

into

like

near

next

of

off

on

onto

on top of

out

out of

outside

over

past

regarding

round

since

through

throughout

till

to

toward

under

underneath

unlike

until

up

upon

up to

with

within

without

 

Examples in sentences read more

Function Causative Verbs

Function Causative Verbs

Function Causative Verbs

 After discussing about Causative Verbs Have and Get in previous post, in this occasion we will continue our discussing about causative verbs, it is about Function Causative Verbs. As we know that Causative Verbs are used to talk about having something done by someone else (third person) or we want something to be done by somebody else.

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 Although we have studied about causative verbs Have and Get, however, actually there are other verbs as causative, they are Let, Make and Help. So, here are we discussing all of causative verbs. They are causative verbs: Let, Make, Have, Get, Help. In this case we are discussing about How We Use Causative Verbs. Here we discuss about the use and the pattern of every verb in causative.

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The topics about Function Causative Verbs

 Here are some verbs of causative and how causative verbs work in English sentences.

LET = PERMIT SOMETHING TO HAPPEN

The Pattern

Let + Person/Thing + Verb1 (base verb)

Examples:

We don’t let our kids watch violent movies.

Nancy’s father won’t let her adopt a puppy because he’s allergic to dogs. read more

Causative Verbs Have and Get

Causative Verbs Have and Get

Causative Verbs Have and Get

 In this occasion we want to share grammar session that is Causative Verbs Have and Get. We use a causative verb when we want to talk about something that someone else did for us or for another person. It means that the subjects did not do the action themselves, however the subject caused the action to happen by someone else. Maybe they paid, or asked, or persuaded the other person to do it. For example, we can say:

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I took the shirt. (This means that I took it myself).

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If I asked someone to take the shirt, of course I can say:

A shopkeeper took the shirt.

But, another way is to use a causative construction. So I can also say:

I had the shirt took.

In a sense, using a causative verb is similar to using a passive. The important thing is that the shirt is now taken. We don’t focus on who did the taking.

For complete information about Causative Verbs Have and Get, in this material we will divide it into two main topics, they are “have or get something done” and “have or get someone do something”. So let’s go to the topics. read more

Pattern Function Future Perfect Tense

Pattern Function Future Perfect Tense

Pattern Function Future Perfect Tense

 As the title Pattern Function Future Perfect Tense, in this session we will discuss about the material of the pattern, the function, time signal and the examples of Future Perfect Tense in grammar category, so let’s to the discussion as below. (also see : The Pattern and Function of Future Tense)

Material of Pattern Function Future Perfect Tense

The Pattern of Future Perfect Tense

 There are two pattern of future perfect tense. They are using “WILL” and “BE GOING TO”

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Using “WILL”

 (+) Subject + will + have + Verb3

Examples:

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You will have learned a few words.

She will have decorated her home.

I will have bought a computer.

They will have shifted to a new home.

(-) Subject + will + not + have + Verb3

Examples :

You will not have learned a few words.

She will not have decorated her home.

I will not have bought a computer.

They will not have shifted to a new home.

(?) Will + Subject + have + Verb3 + ?

Examples :

Will you have learned a few words?

Will she will have decorated her home?

Will I have bought a computer?

Will they have shifted to a new home?

Using “BE GOING TO”

 (+) Subject + am/is/are + going + to + have + Verb3 read more

Difference between Hope and Wish

Difference between Hope and Wish

Difference between Hope and Wish

 After discussing about expression of hope or wish and response in the previous post (in Speaking category) in which it discusses almost about the similar about hope and wish. Now it’s the time for us to discuss about the difference between hope and wish.

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 Although in the previous post it was mentioned that the function of “hope” and “wish” is used to express about the about expectation that someone want something to happen (see: Expression of Hope or Wish and Its Response), however, actually both them has difference.

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So the difference between hope and wish can be discussed as below:

Hope

The word “hope” is used to talk about possible situations that we desire in future. The important thing to note is that these situations are POSSIBLE.

For example:

I hope you can come to the party on Saturday. (future possibility)

I hope to get an A on the exam. (it is still possible)

I hope it doesn’t rain tomorrow. (although it might)

He hopes to be elected President. (it’s possible that he will be elected)

I hope you have a great day.

I hope you don’t go to the movie without me. read more

Future Perfect Continuous Tense

Future Perfect Continuous Tense

Future Perfect Continuous Tense

 In this occasion we would like to share grammar session entitled ”Future Perfect Continuous Tense”. There three main parts we want discuss, they are the pattern, the function and the examples of Future Perfect Continuous Tense.

Let’s go discussing about Future Perfect Continuous Tense:

The Pattern of Future Perfect Continuous Tense

 Future Perfect Continuous Tense has two different forms: “will have been doing ” and “be going to have been doing.” Unlike Simple Future forms, Future Perfect Continuous forms are usually interchangeable.

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Future Perfect Continuous Tense with “Will”

(+) Subject + will + have + been + verb1 + ing + complement

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Examples:

They will have been watching television.

She will have been working in this office.

It will have been raining.

(-) Subject + will + not + have + been + verb1 + ing + complement

Examples:

They will not have been watching television.

She will not have been working in this office.

It will not have been raining.

(?) Will + subject + have + been + verb1 + ing + complement + ?

Examples:

Will they have been watching television?

Will she have been working in this office? read more

Function of Ordinal Number

Function of Ordinal Number

Function of Ordinal Number

 As we know the previous post entitled “Difference between Cardinal and Ordinal Number that the Function of Ordinal Number is to show (tell) about the position or order of something or someone in a list or an order or a distribution, in this occasion we want to share about the function of ordinal number by implementing in daily usage 

Before implementing the function of ordinal number, below is list of some Ordinal Numbers

1st = first

2nd = second

3rd = third

4th = fourth

5th = fifth

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6th = sixth

7th = seventh

8th = eighth

9th = ninth

10th = tenth

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11th =eleventh

12th = twelfth

13th = thirteenth

14th = fourteenth

15th = fifteenth

 

16th = sixteenth

17th = seventeenth

18th = eighteenth

19th = nineteenth

20th = twentieth

21st = twenty first

22nd = twenty second

23rd = twenty third

24th = twenty fourth

. . .  = . . . . . .

30th = thirtieth

31st = thirty first

32nd = thirty second

. . .  = . . . . . .

40th = fortieth

 

41st = forty first

. . .  = . . . . .

50th = fiftieth

60th = sixtieth

70th = seventieth

80th = eightieth

90th = ninetieth

100th = one hundredth

105th = one hundred fifth

200th = two hundredth

268th = two hundred sixth eighth

1000th = one thousandth

1000000th = one millionth

. . . etc.

 

Some implantation of function of ordinal number in sentences:

This is my first time I join a music class.

I want to give the second question for you.

Her son got the seventh rank in his class.

She will be your third client.

This is for the second time I meet you.

The tenth position was fair for Indonesian team.

He was the fourteenth person to win the award.

He went to Mecca for the third time this year.

Next month will be the seventy first Indonesian Independence.

 That’s all about the function of ordinal number in implementation usage in sentences we can post. Hopefully the share about the function of ordinal number above can be useful for improving our English. read more