Brief History of Singapore Country
Brief History of Singapore Country
Singapore has become one of the modern countries that is now growing rapidly in various fields of industry and education. As one of the countries that has always been in the spotlight, of course there is history behind its independence. Who would have thought the name Singapore itself has an interesting story when the British government was looking for a port to stop and become a new trading post in the Malacca Strait. A figure in England named Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles was a person who was instrumental in the development of this small island. What is Singapore’s long history like to be able to be as independent and large as it is now? The following is a brief an explanation of the Brief History of Singapore Country.
The Origin of the Singapore Name
The name of Singapore certainly has a meaning and origin that you need to know. In Sanskrit “Simha” means lion and “Pura” means city. Why it uses Sanskrit? At the beginning of the 14th century Prince Sriwijaya named Sang Nila Utama stopped at an island that he did not know about. The island was considered strategic enough to be made a shipping and trade center because it was located at the tip of the Malay Peninsula. At that time the prince was stopping to rest on the island. When hunting, the prince saw an animal running fast in front of him. However, he never knew what animal it was. However, the prince considered that the animal was a type of lion. Due to often seeing these animals while hunting or continuing their journey, the prince gave the island’s name as Singapore. (Read the complete Origin Of Singapore Name at : The Legend of Singapore)
Over time, the kingdom was founded on the island. Singapore was then led by five kings at the same time by the kingdom of ancient Singapore. With good leadership from the king, Singapore became a shipping and trade center that was never empty of visitors. Even ships from various countries stopped here, such as China, Portuguese, Arabic, Bugis, and England. Since then Singapore began to sound its name and known by the world.
The Role of Raffles in the History of Singapore’s Independence
After the royal period ended, Singapore entered the modern era in the 19th century. Singapore was increasingly developed because of politics, trade and shipping carried by Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles. Raffles landed in Singapore on January 29, 1819. Raffles considered that this island had enormous potential to be developed because of its location in the Malaya Strait. Raffles also discussed and conveyed the ideas he had to the authorities or the local government so that Singapore was bigger and victorious. Not long after, many other countries finally decided to reside in Singapore to improve their economies such as China, Malaysia, India, the Netherlands, and China.
Unfortunately, this condition resulted in Singapore becoming chaotic because of ethnicity who wanted to rule and not share. This condition would certainly have a negative impact on Singapore politics. So that Raffles intended to divide the territory of Singapore into four regions. Europan Town was inhabited by a number of families with European, Russian and Asian descent from the upper middle class. Then the Chinese settled in China Town. As for the Ethnic Indians, they were in the village of Chulia and the last was Kmapung Glam for Muslims, Malays and Arabs. This division was intended to prevent conflicts and be fair to all classes of society. The development of Singapore is increasingly rapid with the connecting line between Johor and Singapore in 1924. There was also information about the causes of the Baratayuda war, the history of the Pajajaran kingdom, the causes of the Aleppo war, and the history of the Estuary Takus temple. (Also read other article at : Pengertian dan Sejarah Perkembangan Panahan)
Rise of War
The rapid development of Singapore began to collapse when war emerged, namely World War II. When the Japanese began attacking Singapore on December 8, 1941. Colonialism began by attacking the British military. Although there were more allies than Japan, Japanese war tactics could not be denied. Eventually the allies surrendered and surrendered on February 15, 1942. With the attack from Japan, the allies were no longer able to act and became the most historic act of surrender because it could be said that England was a great country and always won in battle.
There had been many massacres and detentions due to the war, like the incarceration events of more than 3000 Indians, Europeans, Australians and British. There was also a massacre of ethnic Chinese called Sook Ching and also 5,000 other people. Massive massacre carried out to conquer Singapore to fall into Japanese hands.
Nevertheless, Britain did not give up. A few years later the British attempted to destroy Japan and wanted to reclaim Singapore’s position to control. Until finally in 1945, Japan surrendered and gave Singapore to colonial Britain. Until finally in 1946 precisely in April, Singapore became a British royal colony. (Also read other article at : Pengorbanan Cinta Demi Persahabatan)
Singapore Independence Period
Singaporeans were starting to have a sense of nationalism and wanted an independent government and ran according to their own system. So in 1959, Singapore held its first prime minister election. After the election, 43 seats were occupied by PAP and Lee Kuan Yew became the first prime minister in Singapore. There were also initiatives to unite neighboring countries with a view to establishing better political and international relations between countries. In 1963, Malaysia was formed with members of the Federation of Malaya, Singapore, Sabah, and Sarawak.
Formation of Malaysia turned out to give a lot of losses and confrontation to several countries. For example, the act carried out by Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra who abandoned Singapore and did not pay attention and provide justice to the State of Singapore. The Tunku’s actions were judged to be unfavorable and even cost Singapore itself. Thus, Singapore was not long a member of the unification of the State. Two years after joining, Singapore decided to step down and establish its own democratic State. Right on August 9, 1965, Singapore left Malaysia and stood as a sovereign State. After leaving Malaysia, Singapore began to emerge as a world trade power. Many facilities and progress were made during the reign of Lee Kuan Yew.
In 1990, Lee Kuan Yew quit politics and gave Goh Chok Tong government authority. Also in 2004, Goh Chok Tong resigned as Prime Minister and gave a path to Lee Kuan Yew’s son, Lee Hsien Loong to govern.
That’s all the post about the Brief History of Singapore Country we can share for this occasion. We hope the post about the Brief History of Singapore Country above can improve our knowledge about the Brief History of Singapore. (Also read other article at : Soal PTS PAI Kelas 10 Semester 1)