Brief History of Karawang Regency
Brief History of Karawang Regency
Around the XV Century AD, Islam entered Karawang brought by the great ulema of Sheikh Hasanudin bin Yusup Idofi from Champa who was known as Sheikh Quro. At that time the Karawang area was still largely wilderness and swampy. (Also read : History of Pontianak City)
The existence of the Karawang area which had been known since the Pajajaran Kingdom centered in the Bogor Region, because Karawang at that time was a very important traffic lane to connect the Kingdom of Pakuan Pajajaran with Galuh Pakuan which was centered in the Ciamis Region.
The total area of Karawang regency at that time was not the same as the area of Karawang regency at present. At that time the area of Karawang Regency consisted of Bekasi, Purwakarta, Subang and Karawang itself.
After the Pajajaran Kingdom collapsed in 1579 AD, in 1580 AD the Sumedanglarang Kingdom was established as the successor to the Pajajaran Kingdom with its King Prabu Geusan Ulun. The Islamic Kingdom of Sumedanglarang, the seat of government in Dayeuhluhur, was in charge of Sumedang, Galuh, Limbangan, Sukakerta and Karawang.
In 1608 King Geusan Ulun died and was succeeded by his son Ranggagempol Kusumahdinata. At that time in Central Java the Kingdom of Mataram was established with the King of Sultan Agung (1613 – 1645). One of the ideals of Sultan Agung during his reign was to be able to control Java and expel the Company (Dutch) from Batavia.
Ranggagempol Kusumahdinata as King Sumendanglarang still had family relations with Sultan Agung and recognizes the authority of Mataram. So in 1620, Ranggagempol Kusumahdinata faced Mataram and surrendered the Sumedanglarang kingdom under the auspices of the Mataram Kingdom.
Ranggagempol Kusumahdinata was appointed Regent (Wadana) by Sultan Agung for Sundanese land with territorial boundaries to the east of Cipamali River, to the west of Cisadane River, to the North of the Java Sea, and to the South of the Kidul Sea. (Also read other article at : How to Make Fried Aci with Rujak Sauce)
In 1624 Ranggagempol Kusumahdinata died, and in his place Sultan Agung appointed Ranggagede, the son of Prabu Geusan Ulun.
Ranggagempol II, son of Ranggagempol Kusumahdinata who was supposed to receive the royal throne, felt left out and hurt. Then he went to Banten to ask for the help of the Sultan of Banten in order to conquer the Kingdom of Sumedanglarang in return for success, then the entire territory of Sumedanglarang’s territory would be handed over to Banten.
Since then many Banten troops had been sent to Karawang, especially along the Citarum River, under the leadership of the Sultan of Banten, not only to fulfill the request of Ranggagempol II, but it was the beginning of Banten’s efforts to control Karawang in preparation for recapturing the port of Banten which had been controlled by the Company (the Netherlands) , namely the Sunda Kelapa port.
The entry of the Banten army into Karawang the news had reached Mataram. In 1624, Sultan Agung sent Surengrono (Aria Wirasaba) from Mojo Agung, East Java to go to Karawang with 1000 Soldiers with his family, from Mataram via Banyumas with the aim of freeing Karawang from Banten influence, preparing logistics by building rice warehouses and examined the route of attacking Mataram to Batavia.
The first step taken by Aria Surengrono was to establish 3 (three) villages, namely Waringinpitu (Telukjambe), Parakansapi Village (in Pangkalan Subdistrict which is now submerged in Jatiluhur Reservoir) and Adiarsa Village (Now included in West Karawang District), with the power center placed in the village of Waringinpitu.
Due to the far and difficult relationship between Karawang and Mataram, Aria Wirasaba had not yet had the opportunity to report on the work being carried out to Sultan Agung. This situation made Sultan Agung had the opinion that the duty given to Aria Wirasaba failed to be implemented. (Also read other article at : Fungsi dan Cara Kerja Ginjal)
In order to safeguard the safety of the western Mataram Kingdom, in 1628 and 1629, the troops of the Mataram Kingdom were ordered by Sultan Agung to attack the VOC (Dutch) in Batavia. But this attack failed due to very heavy terrain. Sultan Agung then established the Karawang Region as a logistical center that had to have its own government and was directly under the supervision of Mataram and had to be led by a capable leader and war expert so as to be able to mobilize the community to build rice fields to support the procurement of logistics in the planned invasion of the VOC (Dutch ) in Batavia.
In 1632, Sultan Agung sent Wiraperbangsa Sari Galuh back by taking 1,000 soldiers with his family to Karawang. The aim of the troops led by Wiraperbangsa was to free Karawang from Banten’s influence, prepare logistics as preparation material for an attack on the VOC (Dutch) in Batavia, as well as the tasks assigned to Aria Wirasaba that were deemed a failure.
The task given to Wiraperbangsa could be carried out well and the results were reported directly to Sultan Agung. For his success Wiraperbangsa was awarded the position of Wedana (Regent Level) in Karawangby Sultan Agung and was given the title of Duke of Kertabumi III and was given a gift of a keris named “Karosinjang”.
After the title award was held in Mataram, Wiraperbangsa intended to immediately return to Karawang, but before that he stopped first to visit Galuh to visit his family. Upon divine providence he later died while in Galuh.
After Wiraperbangsa died, the Regent’s position in Karawang was continued by his son named Raden Singaperbangsa with the title of Duke of Kertabumi IV who ruled in 1633-1677.
In the XVII century the biggest kingdom on Java was Mataram, with the famous king Sultan Agung Hanyokrokusumo. He did not want the Nusantara territory to be occupied or colonized by other nations and wanted to unite the Archipelago.
In an effort to expel the VOC who had planted power in Batavia, Sultan Agung prepared himself by first controlling the Karawang area, to be used as a base or base of the struggle in attacking the VOC.
He ordered the Ranggagede to prepare armies / soldiers and logistics by opening agricultural land, which later developed into a granary.
On 14 September 1633 AD, coinciding with the 10th Maulud 1043 Hijriah, Sultan Agung appointed Singaperbangsa as the first Regent of Karawang, so that every September 14th was celebrated as the Anniversary of Karawang Regency.
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