Brief History of Borobudur Temple
Brief History of Borobudur Temple
The magnificent Borobudur Temple is inseparable from the greatness of Indonesia in the past. Then how did the Borobudur Temple stand majestically until today? The following is a brief history of the Borobudur Temple. (Also read : History of Sidoarjo Regency)
A historian believes that Borobudur is a combination of two words, namely Bara and Budur. The word Bara comes from Sanskrit which means Monastery or Temple Complex. While Budur comes from the word Beduhur which means above. The name Borobudur means Monastery on the Hill. Indeed at that time, Borobudur was located on a hill.
According to historical records, Borobudur Temple was estimated to be built in the 8th century, in which that time the Magelang region was controlled by the Syailendra dynasty led by King Samaratungga. The king ordered to build a temple construction which was then led by an architect named Gunadharma.
Gunadharma, assisted by Visvawarman a prince of Khasmir who was an expert advisor in the Buddhist teachings of Tantra Vajrayana, designed the Borobudur Temple, which covered hundreds of square meters. From this development, Borobudur could be completed within 50-70 years later. Which was said Gunadharma himself did not see the end result of the construction of the temple. (Also read other article at : Behind Perfection human undercover)
Because at that time Buddhism became the majority of religion in Javanese land, the Borobudur Temple was not separated from religious activities. Borobudur Temple was the center of the greatest religious power both in the homeland and from various kingdoms around the archipelago.
But gradually the development of Islam began to enter the archipelago. The influx of Islam into Indonesia in the 15th century made Borobudur temple abandoned by people who converted to Islam. There was a time when Borobudur was forgotten and Borobudur was forgotten several times during the eruption of Mount Merapi which caused it to be buried by volcanic ash.
In the short history of the Borobudur Temple in the days of Dutch colonialism, namely precisely in 1814, Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles succeeded in revealing the existence of the Borobudur Temple. Raffles was informed that there was a large building buried in volcanic ash on Java.
Borobudur was forgotten for about 10 centuries until it was discovered by Raffles. The condition of Borobudur which had been forgotten at that time was not only buried by volcanic ash but also filled with shrubs so that it did not look like its shape and appearance which was messy and partially hidden.
Borobudur Temple had a height of 42 meters but when found and up to now its height is only 34.5 meters. There are levels that are indeed buried and left buried for reasons of strengthening the foundation of the temple and the second is because the lowest level has a picture of the panel of husband and wife relations. (Also read other article at : Pengertian dan Proses Terjadinya Kabut)
Until finally found and carried out restoration and various efforts to reconstruct the temple which began at the time of the British and Dutch colonization. Restoration since independent Indonesia was counted in the short history of Borobudur Temple, both from domestic businesses to various parts of the world.
Although now Borobudur Temple is no longer included in the 7 wonders of the world, but Borobudur remained in the World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1991 after a long restoration of the largest Buddhist temple in the world. Borobudur is also included in the list of world memories, proposed along with the Panji Story, the Non-Aligned Movement and the Aceh Tsunami.
That’s all the Brief History of Borobudur Temple we can share for this occasion. We hope the post of the Brief History of Borobudur Temple above can increase our knowledge about Borobudur temple, the cultural heritage of Indonesia’s pride. (Also read other article at : Soal Pilihan Ganda tentang Bunyi)