There are mainly three types of degrees of comparison. They are namely:
Positive Degree of comparison shows common characteristic of objects or things or nouns. Positive degree is used when there is just one thing to be described or talk about and nothing to compare it with. (also read : List Degrees of Comparison)
Positive degree is also used for comparing the same characteristic of persons or things.
For instance: as tall as, as expensive as, as old as and others.
Subject + to be + as + adjective + as …..
My house is not as clean as your house.
Is your father as high as my father?
Comparative degree of comparison is used for comparing two persons or two things with each other.
“That song is faster than the previous one”. Here, faster is a comparative-degree of adjective where one song is being compared to another.
There are two pattern of Comparative Degree
- Comparative Degree is formed by adding -er behind the adjective, if the adjective consists of 1 syllable.
Subject + to be + adjective + er + than …..
This dictionary is cheaper than mine.
Your father is older than John’s father.
Linda is prettier than her elder sister.
- Comparative Degree is formed by adding “more” in front of the adjective, if the adjective consists of 2 syllable or more,
Subject + to be + more + adjective + than …..
Your book is more expensive than mine.
Superlative degree of comparison is used when we are comparing three or more persons or things. It can be used for a comparison between things, animals or persons to point out the particular highest degree of that quality.
“That song is the fastest one on the CD”. Here, ‘fastest‘ is a superlative-degree of adjective where it compares a particular song with all the others in the CD and ranks it the highest of any other song.
There are two pattern of Superlative Degree
- Superlative Degree is formed by adding -est behind the adjective, if the adjective consists of 1 syllable.
Subject + to be + the + adjective + est …..
He is the cleverest among them all.
Jones is the oldest student in our class.
You are the laziest member in our club.
- Superlative Degree is formed by adding “most” in front of the adjective, if the adjective consists of 2 syllable or more,
Subject + to be + the + most + adjective …..
Jones is the most intelligent student.
This is the most beautiful flower.
That is the most expensive shirt.
Positive – Bad
Comparative – Worse
Superlative – Worst
Positive – Old
Comparative – Elder
Superlative – Eldest
That’s all the sharing about Degrees of Comparison.