As we know there are many mountains in Indonesia as our destination for recreation, and some are still active mountains. One of them is Mount Semeru. It is the highest mountain on the island of Java. The stratovolcano is also known as Mahameru (meaning “The Great Mountain”). The name derived from the Hindu-Buddhist mythical mountain of Meru or Sumeru, the abode of gods. Since 1818, at least 55 eruptions have been recorded (10 of which resulted in fatalities). The volcano belches out a huge cloud of steam and smoke every 20 minutes or so and sometimes interspersed with ash and stones.
Mount Semeru is located between the regencies of Malang and Lumajang with geographical position of 8 06′ South Latitude and 12 55′ East Longitude. Mount Semeru is the highest mountain in java. The peak of Mount Semeru is 3,676 m above sea level. There are craters on top of Mount Semeru called “jonggring saloko”. Mahameru is a tourist attraction that is quite challenging for the hikers. Not only challenging, Mount Semeru has beautiful scenery and amazing scenery.
Mount Semeru is a stratovolcano in the Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park. It covers some 800 square kilometers in the centre of East Java. At its northern end is the spectacular Tengger Caldera, Java’s largest, with its 10 km barren desert-like sea of sand. Within the caldera rise the deeply fissured volcanic cones of Batok and Bromo, the latter is still active with a cavernous crater from which smoke blows skyward. Temperatures at the top of mount Bromo range about 5 to 18 degrees Celcius. To the South is a rolling upland plateau dissected by valleys and dotted with several small scenic lakes, extending to the foot of Mount Semeru, a towering grey forest-skirted cone dominating the southern landscape. The Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park is one of conservation areas which has been already well known by many people. This is proved with increasing of people to visit the park with various interests like for recreation, camping climbing, trekking, education and research.
The major route for the travelers who want to go to Mount Semeru is from Malang to Tumpang. Travelers out of East Java starts From Juanda International Airport (Sidoarjo) or from Purabaya bus station (Sidoarjo), take a bus to Arjosari bus station in Malang. The travelers can proceed by taking a microbus (locals calls it a mikrolet) to Tumpang and then a 4WD vehicle or a heavy truck to Ranu Pani.
Flora is located in the region of Mount Semeru, but many diverse types dominated by spruce, acacia, pine, and the type Jamuju. As for the plants under dominated by Kirinyuh, reeds, tembelekan, harendong and white Edelwiss, Edelwiss that is widely available on the slopes to the peak of Sumeru. And also found some endemic orchid species that live around the South Semeru. Many of the fauna that inhabit the mountain Sumeru, among others: a panther, monkey, mongoose, antelope, deer, etc.. While in there Kumbolo Ranu surviving wild grouse.
Because of the erupting volcano, the mountain savannah, and the lake, the sceneries around here are awesome sight to behold. The mount climbers are often visit this mount to enjoy its nature scenery and beautiful sunset, look from the peak of the mount. The beautiful and attractive panorama or special atmosphere can be found here beside its cool and fresh air. Semeru is a highly popular tourist site in the province, even among foreign tourists.