The Pattern of Passive and Active Voice

Active and Passive Voice

        The Pattern of Passive and Active Voice. When we talk about the passive voice, there is no doubt we will also talk about the active voice. So below we will share about active and passive voice.

The use of Active and Passive Voice

We use the active form to say what the subject does. For example:

  • I speak English every day at work.
  • I repaired the flat tire on the car.

 We use the passive form to say what happens to people and things, to say what is done to them. For example:

  • English is spoken here.
  • The car is being repaired.

We use the passive form when we don’t know who did the action. For example:

  • The car was damaged while it was parked on the street.
  • The shirts were made in Turkey.

We use the passive form when what was done is more important than who did it. For example:

  • It was approved by Gerry last week.
  • I was informed by the Human Resources Manager only two days ago.

The Form of Active Voice and Passive Voice

  ACTIVE VOICE PASSIVE VOICE
 

1

Simple Present Tense
S + V1 + etc S + is/am/are + V3 + etc
Andrew makes a kite A kite is made by Andrew
 

2

Present Continuous Tense
S + am/is/are + Ving + etc S + is/am/are + being + V3 + etc
Andrew is making a kite A kite is being made by Andrew
 

3

Present Perfect Tense
S + have/has + V3 + etc S + have/has + been + V3 + etc
Andrew has made a kite A kite has been made by Andrew
 

4

Present Perfect Continuous Tense
S + have/has + been + Ving + etc S + have/has + been + being + V3 + etc
Andrew has been making a kite A kite has been being made by Andrew
 

5

Simple Past Tense
S + V2 + etc S + was/were + V3 + etc
Andrew made a kite A kite was made by Andrew
 

6

Past Continuous Tense
S + was/were + Ving + etc S + was/were + being + V3 + etc
Andrew was making a kite A kite was being made by Andrew
 

7

Past Perfect Tense
S + had + V3 + etc S + had + been + V3 + etc
Andrew had made a kite A kite had been made by Andrew
 

8

Past Perfect Continuous Tense
S + Had + been + Ving + etc S + had + been + being + V3 + etc
Andrew had been making a kite A kite had been being made by Andrew
 

9

Simple Future Tense
S + will + V1 + etc S + will + be + V3 + etc
Andrew will make a kite A kite will be made by Andrew
 

10

Future Continuous Tense
S + will + be + Ving + etc S + will + be + being + V3 + etc
Andrew will be making a kite A kite will be being made by Andrew
 

11

Future Perfect Tense
S + will + have + V3 + etc S + will + have + been + V3 + etc
Andrew will have made a kite A kite will have been made by Andrew
 

12

Future Perfect Continuous Tense
S + will + have + been + Ving + etc S + will + have + been + being + V3 + etc
Andrew will habe been making a kite A kite will have been being made by Andrew
 

13

Simple Past Future Tense
S + would + V1 + etc S + would + be + V3 + etc
Andrew would make a kite A kite would be made by Andrew
 

14

Past Future Continuous Tense
S + would + be + Ving + etc S + would + be + being + V3 + etc
Andrew would be making a kite A kite would be being made by Andrew
 

15

Past Future Perfect Tense
S + would + have + V3 + etc S + would + have + been + V3 + etc
Andrew would have made a kite A kite would have been made by Andrew
 

16

Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense
S + would + have + been + Ving + etc S + would +have + been + being + V3 + etc
Andrew would have been making a kite A kite would have been being made by Andrew

Example

Active Voice              Tono kills a dog.

Passive Voice            A dog is killed by Tono.

Active Voice              My father will repair a car.

Passive Voice            A car will be repaired by my father.

       That’s all the explanation about Active and Passive Voice and we hope it will be useful.

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