- be going to
Be going to
( + ) Subject + am/is/are + going to + V1 + C
I am going to study hard.
( – ) Subject + am/is/are + not + going to + V1 + C
I am not going to study hard.
She is not going to write a short story.
( ? ) am/is/are + Subject + going to + V1 + C + ?
Are you going to study hard?
Is she going to write a short story?
We’re going to buy a new car next month.
He’s not going to go to the dance. He’s got too much work.
I’m not going to watch TV until my science project is finished.
Are you going to play basketball after school?
What are you going to have for lunch today?
The expression “be going to” is also used when we want to make a prediction based on evidence we can see now.
Look out! That cup is going to fall off.
Look at those black clouds. It’s going to rain soon.
( + ) Subject + will + V1 + C
They will come here.
You will be 17 years old next year.
( - ) Subject + will + not + V1 + C
They will not come here.
You will not be 17 years old next year.
( ? ) will + Subject + V1 + C + ?
Will they will come here?
Will you will be 17 years old next year?
Next year, I’ll be 50 years.
I will help you If you help me.
Often we add ‘perhaps’, ‘maybe’, ‘probably’, ‘possibly’ to make the belief less certain.
I’ll probably come back later.
He’ll possibly find out when he sees Jenny.
Maybe it will be OK.
Perhaps we’ll meet again someday.
We often use ‘will’ with ‘I think’ or ‘I hope’.
I think I’ll go to bed now.
I think she’ll do well in the job.
I hope you’ll enjoy your stay.
I hope you won’t make too much noise.
That’s all about Future Tense. Hopefully it is useful.