The function of Simple Present Tense

Simple Present Tense

The function of Simple Present Tense. We use the simple present for some purpose, there are:

  1. To express habits, general truths, repeated actions or unchanging situations, emotions, and wishes.

¯   I eat rice (habit).

¯   I live in Tarik (unchanging situations).

¯   The earth is a round (general truth).

¯   I hope I can go to Makkah again (wishes).

  1. To give instructions or directions.

¯   Go down this street, and turn to the first right. It’s on the left side of BCA bank.

  1. To express fixed arrangements, presents or future.

¯   Our meeting finishes at 9.00 p.m.

Pattern /Form

There are two pattern of Simple Present

1.   By Using Verb

A. ( + ) Subject + Verb1

     e.g  We play football in the yard.

     ( – ) Subject + do not + Verb1

     e.g  We do not play football in the yard.

     ( ? ) Do + Subject + Verb1

     e.g  Do we play football in the yard?

Note: the pattern above is for subject: I, We, You, They, and other plural noun.

B. ( + ) Subject + Verb1+s/es

              e.g  She goes to school.

    ( – )  Subject + does not + Verb1

              e.g  She does not go to school.

    ( ? ) Does + Subject +Verb1

              e.g  Does she go to school?

Note: The pattern above is for subject: She, He, It, and other third singular noun.

2.   Without Using Verb

( + ) Subject + am/is/are

e.g  You are at home.

( – ) Subject + am/is/are + not

 e.g  You are not at home.

( ? ) Am/Is/Are + Subject

 e.g  Are you at home?

Note: The pattern above is for sentence without using Verb.

Time Signal.

These words tell you what tense you have to use. For the Simple Present these are adverbs of frequency:

always

often

usually

sometimes

seldom

never

examples

she always gets up at 4 o’clock in the morning

He never comes on time.

Other phrases of time can occur, like:

every day

every week

every year

on Mondays

after school, etc

examples

I go to school every day.

They plays football on Mondays.

          And below are more information about the function of Simple Present Tense

Here, we are talking about regular actions or events.

  • They drive to the office every day.
  • She doesn’t come here very often.
  • The news usually starts at 6.00 every evening.
  • Do you usually have bacon and eggs for breakfast?

Here, we are talking about facts.

  • We have two children.
  • Water freezes at 0° C or 32° F.
  • What does this expression mean?
  • The Thames flows through London.

Here, we are talking about future facts, usually found in a timetable or a chart.

  • Christmas Day falls on a Monday this year.
  • The plane leaves at 5.00 tomorrow morning.
  • Ramadan doesn’t start for another 3 weeks.
  • Does the class begin at 10 or 11 this week?

Here, we are talking about our thoughts and feelings at the time of speaking.

Although these feelings can be short-term, we use the present simple andnot the present continuous.

  • They don’t ever agree with us.
  • I think you are right.
  • She doesn’t want you to do it.
  • Do you understand what I am trying to say?

Things to remember about the simple present:

1.In the interrogative forms, we use “do” or “does“.

  • Do you like the house?”
  • Does she go to school?”

2; Verbs never take an “s” in the the negative and interrogative forms.

  • “Does he speak German?”
  • “Do they play soccer?”
  • She doesn’t like ice cream.
  1. don’t is the short form of “do not“. You can say either:
  • do not speak Italian, or
  • don’t speak Italian.
  1. doesn’t is the short form of “does not“. you can say either:
  • He does not listen to jazz music, or
  • He doesn’t listen to jazz music.

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