The Beautiful scenery of Gedong Songo Temple. Central Java is very rich of the cultural heritage of Hindu, Buddhist and Islamic historical eras. The famous temples of Borobudur, Mendut and Pawon are the cultural heritage of Buddhist, whereas the temple of Prambanan is the cultural heritage of Hindu. They are a few of the numerous cultural influences that spread through the province.
Other cultural heritage of Hindu are Gedung Songo Temples. Gedong Songo is a complex consists of nine building. These temples are located in Candi village of Ambarawa district in Semarang regency, 25 kilometers from Ungaran or 40 km from the city of Semarang.
The complex is easily accessible from either Yogyakarta (about 2 hours by car, or 3 hours by bus). The roads are paved and smooth — except for the one linking Ambarawa to the complex, which is steep and rather narrow.
Near the complex is a traditional market, it is Bandungan market, and on market days the street might become congested, so drivers must be careful. The distance from Bandungan market is still 4 km to the temples.
The temples are located in area of Mount Ungaran believed to be Hindu Temple with the invention of the Hindu statues located inside and around the temple site. Among the statues found Ciwa Mahadeva, Ciwa Grand Master, Ganeca, Durga Mahisasura Mardhini, Swara Nandi, Mahakala and Yoni that is in the temple.
Gedong Songo temples consist of five clusters of temples, they are Temples I, II, III, IV and V.
Temple I, located at 1,260 meters above sea level, only has one complete temple left. Temple II is far away 300 meters from Temple I, has one complete temple, named Temple IIA; the other, Temple IIB, is in ruins.
Temple III, located at 1,298 meters above sea level and about 100 meters from Temple II, consists of three complete temples. Temple IV is slightly higher at 1,300 meters and 200 meters across a ravine from Temple III, consists of two sub-clusters.
The northern sub-cluster comprises four structures, the southern, nine structures — only one of these are whole.
Temple V is higher than temple IV, located at 1,310 meters and 507 meters from Temple I, consists of two sub-clusters. The first sub-cluster holds three temples in a row, with the middle one intact; the other sub-cluster comprises three ruins.
A complete trip through the complex is roughly a 2km hike. The journey, which ascends and descends through groves of pine trees, ravines and sulfur springs, surely requires a good deal of energy.
Luckily, horses are available for rent at the entrance to the complex. Be sure to get a fair price: approximately IDR 50,000 per horse. When the deal is made, just climb on to the horse and enjoy the panorama while its owner guides the way, rein in hand. Visitors may dismount during the trip to observe the temples at their leisure.