One again the material of grammar we want to share to our readers. This is Information about Adverb of Time. In this case we will discuss about meaning, function, position of adverb of time and some words related to adverb of time. (also read : Adverb of Place)
Below is the material of Information about Adverb of Time:
The Meaning of Adverb of Time
The Function of Adverb of Time
- Robinson got accident last week. (when)
- She cried because of her husband death all day. (how long)
- We go to our grandmother’s house monthly. (how often)
The Position of Adverb of Time
Tell us WHEN
Adverbs that tell us when are usually placed at the end of the sentence.
- My uncle went to the hospital last week.
- She is going to tidy her room tomorrow.
- I will call you later.
- They have to leave now.
- We watched that movie last year.
Putting an adverb that tells us when at the end of a sentence is a neutral position, but these adverbs can be put in other positions to give a different emphasis. All adverbs that tell us when can be placed at the beginning of the sentence to emphasize the time element. Some can also be put before the main verb in formal writing, while others cannot occupy that position.
- Last week My uncle went to the hospital. (the time is important)
- My uncle last week went to the hospital. (this is more formal)
- My uncle went to the hospital last week. (this is neutral)
Tell us HOW LONG
Adverbs that tell us for how long are also usually placed at the end of the sentence.
- He stayed in the police office all day.
- Our family lived in Mojokerto for ten years.
- I have been teaching to this university since 2015.
In these adverbial phrases that tell us for how long, for is always followed by an expression of duration, while since is always followed by an expression of a point in time.
- We are going on vacation for two weeks.
- I have been going on motorcycle for several years.
- I have not seen you since January.
- Robert has been working here since 2007.
Tell us HOW OFTEN
Adverbs that tell us how often express the frequency of an action. They are usually placed before the main verb but after auxiliary verbs (such as be, have, may, & must). The only exception is when the main verb is “to be”, in which case the adverb goes after the main verb.
- I often eat vegetarian food.
- she never drinks milk.
- You must always fasten your seat belt.
- They are seldom late.
- He rarely lies.
When using more than one adverb of time in a sentence, use them in the following order:
- How long
- How often
- He volunteered at the hospital for three days (1) every month (2) last year (3).
- He volunteered at the hospital for three days (how long) every month (how often) last year (when).
Some words related to Adverb of Time
- We are going to the shops on Monday.
- They have been to the shops today.
- You went yesterday.
- I am going next week.
- My mother went last year.
- They finally went.
- She eventually went to the shops.
- Mr. and Mrs. Reynaldo have already been to the shops.
That’s all about Information about Adverb of Time we can share in this occasion. We hope that the post about Information about Adverb of Time above can improve our English skill, especially understanding about grammar. (also read : THE FUNCTION OF PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE)