A news item text is a text which is grouped into the text genre of narration. The main function of narration is telling stories or informing about events in chronological order. The order in the narration can be based of time, place and the events themselves.
The main Generic Structure of News Item Text:
- Newsworthy event(s)
- Elaboration ( background, participant, time, place )
- Resource of information
The Language Features of News Item Text:
- Short, telegraphic information about story captured in headline
- Focusing on circumstances
- Using action verbs
- Using saying verbs
- Using adverbs : time, place and manner.
Examples of News Item Text
Moscow – A Russian journalist has uncoveredevidence of another Soviet nuclearcatastrophe, which killed 10 sailors andcontaminated an entire town.
Yelena Vazrshavskya is the first journalist to speak to people who witnessed the explosion of a nuclear submarine at the naval base of shkotovo – 22 near Vladivostock.
The accident, which occurred 13 months before the Chernobyl disaster, spread radioactive fall-out over the base and nearby town, but was covered up by officials of the Soviet Union. Residents were told the explosion in the reactor of the Victor-class submarine during a refit had been a ‘thermal’ and not a nuclear explosion. And those involved in the clean-up operation to remove more than 600 tons of contaminated material were sworn to secrecy.
|Resource of Information||A board of investigators was later to describe it as the worst accident in the history of the Soviet Navy.|
Landslide in Bukittinggi
The death people were 3-year-old Yusuf, who was the son of a kiosk owner at the market, Bujang, and 22-year-old Meli, who was a visitor to the market. The injured were rushed to the Achmad Muchtar and Yarsi hospitals.
Bukittinggi Deputy Mayor Ismet Amziz said Tuesday it was suspected that recent heavy rainfall had caused the landslide.
Source: the jakarta post
After reading above example of news item text, it is clearly that news item text is written to inform the newsworthy. It is socially important to know that there was an accident of landslide in Bukittinggi which caused two people died.
Additionally the generic structure of above news item is as follow:
- Newsworthy event: News item text presents the daily newsworthy. In this example of news item text, the first paragraph is the main event. It informs the reader that a landslide happened.
- Elaboration: The second paragraph of this example of news item gives further explanation about the main event that the two victim were 3 and 22 years old while the injured were brought to hospitals.
- Resource of information: The last paragraph is the official statement from the expert or the authority which strengthen the news of the main event.