Definition and Kinds of Part of Speech

Part of Speech

       Definition and Kinds of Part of Speech. A part of speech is a category of words (or, more generally, of lexical items) which have similar grammatical properties. Whereas words can be considered as the smallest elements that have distinctive meanings.

       Based on the meaning above, words are categorized into eight major kinds or parts of speech. They are noun, pronoun, verb, adverb, adjective, conjunction, preposition, and interjection. In this post I will share about the definitions and examples for the major parts of speech in English.

  1. Noun

       Noun refers to words that are used to name of persons, things, animals, places, ideas, or events. Examples:

This is my cat.

I live in Sidoarjo.

Soekarno was the first president of Indonesia.

  1. Pronoun

       Pronoun is a part of a speech which functions as a replacement for a noun. The words classified as pronouns are: I, it, he, she, mine, his, hers, we, they, theirs, and ours, etc.

Examples:

Nur Halizah comes from Malaysia. She is beautiful.

Nurul is my son. I love him so much.

  1. Adjective

       Adjective is used to modify or describe about noun or pronoun. Adjectives can specify the quality, the size, and the number of nouns or pronouns or other.

Examples of adjective.

I have a son. He is clever.

We have gone to beautiful places in Bali.

  1. Verb

       Verb is a word that shows an action (physical or mental) or state of being of the subject in a sentence. Verb is the most important part of a speech, because if there words without a verb, a sentence would not exist.

Examples of verb:

Nurdiono dot com is my web site.

I like this web for sharing my knowledge.

She usually goes to school.

  1. Adverb

       Adverbs are used to modify or describe verb or adjective.

Examples:

My son studies diligently.

I can run fast.

  1. Preposition

       Preposition is used to show the relationship of a noun or a pronoun to some other word in a sentence.

Examples of Prepositions: above, below, throughout, outside, before, near, and since

Examples:

My cat is sleeping under the table.

I have worked in SMPN Tarik since 1998.

  1. Conjunction

       Conjunction is a part of a speech which joins words, phrases, or clauses together.

Examples of Conjunctions:  and, yet, but, for, nor, or, and so

Examples:

I like rabbits and cats.

I like cats but I don’t like dogs.

  1. Interjection

       Interjection is used to expresses emotion and it has no grammatical relation to the rest of the sentence. They are usually followed by an exclamation point.

Examples of Interjections:

Ouch!

That hurts!

Hi! How are you?

       I think that’s all about Part of Speech and more information about Part of Speech. Hopefully it will be useful.

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