Auxiliary or Main Verb TO HAVE. Hello my beloved readers, how are you going? I hope Allah always blesses you all. As we know that a sentence is a group of words usually containing a verb, that expresses a thought in the form of a statement, question, instruction, or exclamation which, when they are written down, begin with a capital letter and end with a full stop, question mark, or exclamation mark.
From the meaning of sentence above, we can conclude that verb plays important role in a sentence, however, sometimes we find weather the word is verb or not especially the word “DO” and “HAVE”. For that, in this occasion I want to share about the function of TO HAVE.
Before discussing about TO HAVE, I want to discuss about the meaning of auxiliary. What are auxiliary verbs? Auxiliary verbs are also called helping verbs. Auxiliary verbs are used to help/assist the main verb of the sentience.
Now let’s discuss about TO HAVE.
- Kinds of TO HAVE
There are four kinds of TO HAVE, they are:
I don’t have any money.
She has a plan to go to Mecca.
They had two motorcycles.
- The function of TO HAVE
There are two functions of TO HAVE. They are:
A. As Auxiliary
TO HAVE can be function as auxiliary when there is a main verb (verb) after TO HAVE in a sentence. In this case auxiliary TO HAVE should be followed by Past Participle (verb3). For this function, the form can be made as TO HAVE + Verb3.
So the pattern (formula) is:
(+) Subject + Have/Has + Verb3
I have spoken French.
She has played a game.
They have cleaned the room.
(-) Subject + Have/Has + not + Verb3
I have not spoken French.
She has not played a game.
They have not cleaned the room.
(?) Have/Has + Subject + Verb3
Have I spoken French?
Has she played a game?
Have they cleaned the room?
“Have” is used for subject I, You, We, They, Rina and Toni, cats, flowers, etc.
“Has” is used for subject She, He, Rina, Toni, A cat, A flower. Etc.
- Had + verb3 (the sentence is in Past Perfect Tense). And the complete formula is
(+) Subject + Had + Verb3
I had spoken French.
She had played a game.
They had cleaned the room.
(-) Subject + Had + not + Verb3
I had not spoken French.
She had not played a game.
They had not cleaned the room.
(?) Had + Subject + Verb3
Had I spoken French?
Had she played a game?
Had they cleaned the room?
B. As Main Verb
TO HAVE is function as Main Verb or Full Verb (commonly called Verb) when there is no main verb (verb) after TO HAVE in a sentence. In this case TO HAVE is directly followed by object.
We have a new house.
She has a beautiful flower.
They had many ideas.
She does not have any money. (does = auxiliary, have = verb)
They had had a new program. (the first “had” = auxiliary, and the second “had” = verb3)